List of British Rail Diesel Multiple Unit Classes
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List of British Rail Diesel Multiple Unit Classes

This is a list of British Rail diesel multiple-unit train classes.

For a historical overview of diesel multiple-unit train development in Great Britain, see British railcars and diesel multiple units.

Pre-nationalisation designs

First Generation

Early BR DMUs (79xxx series)

Manufacturer Engines (per motor car) Transmission Type Built Quantity (sets) Withdrawn Notes Image Scrapped
BR Derby 'Lightweight' 2 × Leyland 125 bhp (93 kW) or 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) hydraulic (2 car) or mechanical (single car) low density 1954-1959 217 vehicles 1967-1969 7 vehicles survived in departmental stock until 1977-1994 Derby Lightweight Single Unit 79900.jpg 215
Metro-Cammell 'Lightweight' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical 1955-1956 36 sets 79047 + 79053 survived in departmental stock until 1981. Brundall railway station 1928229 d86da465.jpg All
AC Cars Railbuses 1 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) railbus 1958 5 1968 W79978 at Colne Valley Railway.jpg 3 (1 in preservation)
Bristol-ECW Railbuses 1 × Gardner 112 bhp (84 kW) 2 1966 [1] All
Park Royal Railbuses 1 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 5 1966-1968 [2]
Waggon and Maschinenbau Railbuses 1 × Büssing 150 bhp (112 kW) 1966-1967 Railbus 79964 at York Railfest.JPG 1
Wickham Railbuses 1 × Meadows 105 bhp (78 kW) 6 1966 Elliot Track Recorder survived in departmental use until 1997 Leeds Middleton railway - geograph.org.uk - 1018379.jpg 5

TOPS classes

Class Manufacturer Engines (per motor car) Transmission Type Built Quantity (sets) Withdrawn Notes Image Scrapped
Class 100 Gloucester RC&W 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical low density 1957-1958 40 sets (80 cars) 1969-1988 56315 used by Fisons as a Weedkiller Vehicle until 1988 BR Class 100.jpg About 79 (3 in preservation)
Class 101 Metro-Cammell 1956-1960 527 sets 1957 (1)
1978-2003
2 survived in departmental stock until 2009-2012 Class 101s at Duffield.jpg About 502 (9 in preservation)
Class 102 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 106 sets 101679 at Marple in 1997.jpg
Class 103 Park Royal 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1957 20 sets (40 cars) 1972-1983 3 vehicles survived in departmental stock until 1985-1990 The rear oil lamp being placed on a Class 103 at Kingswear station. About 19 (3 in preservation)
Class 104 Birmingham RC&W 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1957-1959 302 cars 1980-1995 50517 and 50455 at Bewdley.JPG
Class 105 Cravens 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1956-1959 302 cars 1976-1988 6 vehicles survived in departmental stock until 1989-1990. BR Class 105 E51282 and E56461 Longsight.jpg About 300
Class 106 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW)
Class 107 BR Derby 'Heavyweight' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1960 26 sets (78 cars) 1973 (1)
1983-1992
6 vehicles survived in sandite use until 1995 Class 107 in Largs (April 1984).jpg About 19 sets (66 cars)
Class 108 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1958-1961 333 cars 1964 (1)
1974 (1)
1990-1993
56208 and 51935 at Bewdley.JPG
Class 109 D Wickham & Co 1957-1958 5 sets 1971 BR Class 109 Llangollen.jpg 4
Class 110 Birmingham RC&W 'Calder Valley' 2 × Rolls-Royce C6NFLH 180 bhp (134 kW) 1961-1962 30 sets 1963 (3)
1971-1972 (3)
1983 (3)
1986-1991
BR Class 110 3-car.jpg About 28 sets (85 vehicles)
Class 111 Metro-Cammell 1957-1960 23 train sets 1989 Last unpowered car went in 2000 British Rail Class 111 at Skipton.jpg About 23 (50 vehicles)
Class 112 Cravens 1 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) 1959-1960 25 sets (50 cars) 1968-1969 Bromley Cross railway station in 1978.jpg All
Class 113 1 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) hydraulic 25 sets (50 cars) M51734, M51763 by Hugh Llewelyn.jpg
Class 114 BR Derby 'Heavyweight' 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical 1956-1957 (entered service 1960) 50 sets (100 cars) 1962 (1)
1965 (1)
1967 (prototype)
1970-1971 (6)
1984 (2)
1986-1992
54904 and 55929 survived as an ATP Test Unit (ADB 977775/6) until 2004. 56006 at Kidderminster.JPG About 48 sets (95 vehicles)
Class 115 BR Derby 'Suburban' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) high density 1960 41 four-car sets 1991-1994 13.04.81 London Marylebone Class 115 (12331491743).jpg About 30 sets (149 vehicles; 3 in preservation)
Class 116 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1957-1961 310 cars 1961 (1)
1983 (32)
1987-1995
2 converted to Class 130 T318 - Birmingham New Street (8961269573).jpg About (304 vehicles; 5 in preservation)
Class 117 Pressed Steel 'Suburban' 1959-1961 123 cars 1993-2000 Rail-class-117-51402-amoswolfe.jpg
Class 118 Birmingham RC&W 'Suburban' 1960 15 sets (45 cars) 1994 Set T326 (51131 and 51321) at Arley.JPG About 14 sets (44 cars)
Class 119 Gloucester RC&W 'Cross-Country' cross country 1958 84 cars 1992-1995 B585 at Bristol Temple Meads.jpg About 28 sets (81 cars)
Class 120 BR Swindon 'Cross-Country' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 194 cars 1989 Class 120 at Manchester Victoria.jpg About 64 sets (193 cars)
Class 121 Pressed Steel 'Bubble Car' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) high density 1960-1961 26 1978 (2)
1991-2017
Last first-generation DMU in service, 55022 still in departmental use 121020 at Bewdley.JPG 12 (2 in preservation)
Class 122 Gloucester RC&W 'Bubble Car' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1959 29 1979-1995 4 survived in departmental stock until 1998-2011. 55006 at Bewdley.JPG 8
Class 123 BR Swindon 'Intercity' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) intercity 1963 40 (Ten 4-car units) 1984 Buffets withdrawn in 1970 and a DMBS and DMSK withdrawn in 1977 and 1979 respectively. Mixed 4 car DMU Class 123 124 at Manchester Piccadilly.jpg All
Class 124 BR Swindon 'Trans-Pennine' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) mechanical 1960 Eight 6-car sets, plus 3 spare cars 1972 (3)
1975
1979-1984
04.09.83 Hull Class 124 (5931457833).jpg
Class 125 BR Derby 'Lea Valley' 2 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) hydraulic high density 1958 20 three-car sets 1971 (1)
1976-1977
59458/66 survived as fire test vehicles 975993/4 until 1986-1988. E51156, M59454, E50990 & E51159, E59453, E51005 (8416847169).jpg
Class 126 BR Swindon 'Intercity' 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) mechanical intercity 1959 22 1970 (1)
1973 (3)
1979-1982
Glasgow Central Cravens split code end Class 126 and Class 107.jpg About 21 (62 cars; 3 in preservation)
Class 127 BR Derby 'Bed-Pan' 2 × Rolls-Royce C8NFLH 238 bhp (177 kW) hydraulic high density 1959 30 sets (120 vehicles) 1964 (1)
1966 (1)
1968 (1)
1972 (1)
1975-1977 (8)
1982-1993
22 rebuilt in 1985 55976 at Bewdley.JPG About 27 vehicles (112 vehicles; 3 in preservation)
Class 128 Gloucester RC&W 'Parcels' 2 × Albion 230 bhp (172 kW) mechanical parcels 1959-1960 10 1971 (1)
1979-1980 (2)
1982 (2)
1990
British Rail Class 128 train 55993.jpg All
Class 129 Cravens 'Parcels' 2 × Leyland 150 bhp (112 kW) 1955 (entered service 1958) 3 1972-1973 M55997 survived in departmental stock until 1986 [3]
Class 130 Parcels conversion from Class 116 1957-1961
(converted 1969)
2 1972 Parcels conversion from Class 116 Gloucester RC & W Co Motor Parcels Van W55992 & BR (Derby) Class 130 Motor Parcels Van W50915 (8326083389).jpg
Class 131 Parcels conversion from Class 122 2 × AEC 150 bhp (112 kW) 1959
(converted 1966, 1969 and 1971)
3 1976 Parcels conversion from Class 122 [4][permanent dead link]

Second generation

Lightweight railcars

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Withdrawn Image
Class 139 Parry People Movers 2008 2 × single cars still in use Parry People Mover 139 002 leaving Stourbridge Town Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1376879.jpg

Pacers

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Withdrawn Image Scrapped
Leyland
Prototypes
BREL-Leyland 1978-84 4 × single cars 1978-1997 LEV1 at Weybourne Station.jpg None
Class 140 1980 1 × 2-car set 1981 British Rail class 140.jpg
Class 141 1984 20 × 2-car sets Britain 1997, Iran 2005 141108 at Colne Valley Railway.jpg 4 (2 in preservation)
Class 142 1985-87 96 × 2-car sets 2019- Preston - Arriva 142037+156488 Colne service.JPG 37
Class 143 Barclay-Alexander 1985-86 25 × 2-car sets 2020 Dawlish - GWR 143603 Paignton service.JPG 2
Class 144 BREL-Alexander 1986-87 13 × 2-car and 10 × 3-car sets Pontefract Baghill 2018.jpg None

Sprinters

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Withdrawn Image Scrapped
Class 150
Sprinter
BREL 1984–7 135 × 2-car and 2 × 3-car sets Still in use Hebden Bridge - Arriva 150139+150115 Leeds service.JPG None
Class 151 Metro-Cammell 1985 2 × 3-car units 1989 151001 Matlock.jpg Both
Class 152 N/A Never built Proposed single car conversion of Class 156[1] Never built Never built
Class 153
Super Sprinter
BREL-Leyland 1991–2 70 × single cars (Converted from Class 155) Still in use Hebden Bridge - Arriva 153378+158784 arriving from Chester.JPG None
Class 154 BREL 1985 1 × 3 car unit converted from Class 150 Converted back to Class 150 154001 Manton.jpg
Class 155
Super Sprinter
BREL-Leyland 1987–8[2] 42 × 2-car sets
7 × 2-car sets still in original form
Still in use 155345York.jpg
Class 156
Super Sprinter
Metro-Cammell 1987–9[3] 114 × 2-car sets[3] Preston - Arriva 156443+156455 Choley service.JPG
Class 157
Strathclyde Sprinter
N/A Never built Proposed Strathclyde PTE Sprinter Never built Never built
Class 158
Express Sprinter
BREL 1989–92 165 × 2-car and 17 × 3-car sets Still in use TfW class 158 Tywyn.jpg None
Class 159
South Western Turbo
1992–3 22 × 3-car sets Clapham Junction - SWR 159001+159106 London bound.JPG

Turbos

Networker

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image Scrapped
Class 165
Networker Turbo
BREL/ABB York 1990–2 48 × 2-car and 28 × 3-car sets Leamington Spa - Chiltern 165002 empty stock for Stratford service.JPG 1
Class 166
Networker Turbo Express
1992–3 21 × 3-car sets Caerdydd Canolog - GWR 166219.JPG None

Turbostar

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image
Class 168
Clubman
Adtranz/Bombardier, Derby 1998–2004 9 × 3-car and 10 × 4-car sets 168-002 Chiltern Hatton Bank (2) (28076486818).jpg
Class 170
Turbostar
1998–2005 44 × 2-car and 89 × 3-car sets 01.08.19 Leeds 170478 (48441492272).jpg
Class 171
Turbostar
Bombardier, Derby 2003–04 9 × 2-car and 6 × 4-car sets 171805 at York Uckfield
Class 172
Turbostar
2010–11 24 × 2-car and 15 × 3-car Bedworth - WMT 172001 Nuneaton service.JPG

Coradias

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image
Class 175
Coradia
Alstom, Washwood Heath 1999–2001 11 × 2-car and 16 × 3-car sets Hereford - Keolis Amey 175003 Carmarthen service.JPG
Class 180
Adelante
2000–01 14 × 5-car sets Hull Trains Harringay.jpg

Desiro

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image
Class 185 Desiro Siemens 2005–06 51 × 3-car sets Doncaster - TPE 185106 Manchester AIrport servce.JPG

Civity

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image
Class 195 Civity CAF 2017–20 25 × 2-car sets
33 × 3-car sets
195101 at Velim Test Track (1).jpg
Class 196 Civity 2019–21 12 x 2-car sets
14 x 4-car sets
Class 197 Civity 2021–23 51 x 2-car sets
26 x 4-car sets

Diesel-electric multiple units (DEMUs)

Southern Region DEMUs

Class SR code Built Quantity (sets) Withdrawn Image Scrapped
Class 201 6S 1957-58 7 × 6-car sets 1986 Haywards Heath - 201001 in platform 1.JPG About 5
Class 202 6L 9 × 6-car sets The Hampshire Hog Railtour. - geograph.org.uk - 649111.jpg About 8 (46 cars)
Class 203 6B 1958 7 × 6-car sets 1990 BR SR Thumper 4L 203001 and 6L1001 DEMUs - Uckfield Line 06.JPG 5
Class 204 2H/3T 1957 4 × 3-car sets
(formed using Class 205 and 206 cars)
1987 Class 204 DEMU.jpg About 3 (19 vehicles)
Class 205 2H/3H 1957-62 4 × 2-car and 29 × 3-car sets 1992-2004 205001-Thumper-LondonBridge-20040927.JPG About 21
Class 206 3R 1964 6 × 3-car sets
(formed using Class 201 and 416 cars)
1979 Tadpole unit at guildford.jpg All
Class 207 3D 1962 19 × 3-car sets 1990-2004 207202 at Hurst Green.jpg About 16

Second Generation

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image Notes
Class 210 BREL, Derby 1982 1 × 3-car and 1 × 4-car set 210001 at Reading for a service to Didcot Withdrawn 1987
Class 230
D-Train
Metro-Cammell (original builders)
Vivarail (conversion)
2015
(prototype)
1 × 3-car set (prototype)
3 × 2-car
5 × 3-car
Class 230 at Bedford 2.jpg Converted from former London Underground D78 Stock[4]
Class 231
FLIRT
Stadler TBC 11 × 4-car sets
Class 769
Flex
BREL, York
Brush Traction (conversion)
2017 35 × 4-car set 319447 Bedford.jpg Converted from Class 319 EMUs[5]

Voyager-style express DEMUs

Class Manufacturer Date Built Number Built Image
Class 220
Voyager
Bombardier, Bruges, Belgium 2000-01 34 × 4-car sets 222-124 & 220-028 Cross Country Banbury 14-03-17 (34008120081).jpg
Class 221
Super Voyager
2001-02 4 × 4-car and 40 × 5-car sets 221-124 Cross Country Banbury 14-03-17 (35401907256).jpg
Class 222
Meridian/Pioneer
2003-05 4 × 4-car, 7 × 9-car and 16 × 4-car sets East Midlands Railway Class 222 (222104) arriving at Nottingham in its new livery.png

High-speed trains

Class Manufacturer Information Date Built Number Built Withdrawn Image Scrapped
Class 251 Metro-Cammell Blue Pullman 1959-1960 2 × 6-car
3 × 8-car
1973 Blue pullman 60099 - swansea - aug 1967.jpg All
Class 252 BREL Prototype HST 1972 1 × 10-car plus 2 spare coaches 1982 252001 - weston s mare - 1975.jpg 2 vehicles
Class 253 HST 1975-1982 58 × 9-car still in use? 19880131-Paddington-HST-253035.jpg 3
Class 254 36 × 10-car High Speed Train Departs Newcastle, 1981 (geograph 2827267).jpg
Class 255 BREL HST Challenger 2002 (planned refurbishment) 14 (planned) Never built Never built
Class 800 Hitachi Kudamatsu &
Newton Aycliffe
Electro-diesel units designed with both pantograph for OHLE use and internal diesel powerplant for non-electrified lines 2014-2019 46 × 5-car
13 × 9-car
still in use 800104 at York.jpg None
Class 802 Hitachi Rail Italy Electro-diesel units designed with both pantograph for OHLE use and internal diesel powerplant for non-electrified lines 2017-2020 27 x 5-car
7 x 9-car
Newbury Racecourse - GWR 802003 speeding to London.JPG
Class 810 Hitachi Newton Aycliffe Electro-diesel units designed with both pantograph for OHLE use and internal diesel powerplant for non-electrified lines TBC 33 × 5-car
^? Driving motors reclassified as Class 43 and trailers as Mark 3 hauled stock

See also

References

  1. ^ The all-time guide to the UK Traction Classification System Part 3: Diesel Multiple Units - the Railway Centre
  2. ^ Class 155 Super Sprinters
  3. ^ a b Fleet Survey - 156 Super-Sprinter
  4. ^ Rail magazine, Bauer Media, Issue 766, February 2015[page needed]
  5. ^ "Flex 319s to be Class 769s". Today's Railways (187): 73. July 2017.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

List_of_British_Rail_diesel_multiple_unit_classes
 



 



 
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