Line 3 (Guangzhou Metro)
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Line 3 Guangzhou Metro
Line 3
 3 
Tiyu Xilu Station Line 3 Platform For Airport S..JPG
Platform of Tiyu Xilu
Overview
Other name(s)M3 (5 lines plan name)
M6 (7 lines plan name)
M3 (2000 plan name)
Southern-Northern express line (?)
Shiqiao line ()
Airport line ()
StatusOperational
OwnerCity of Guangzhou
LocalePanyu, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, and Huadu districts
Guangzhou, Guangdong
TerminiTiyu Xilu/Panyu Square
Airport North (Terminal 2)/Tianhe Coach Terminal
Stations30
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemGuangzhou Metro
Services2
Operator(s)Guangzhou Metro Corporation
Rolling stock120 Siemens Mobility-CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Modular Metro cars[1]
Daily ridership1.765 million (May 2015 Avg.)[2][3] 2.54 million (2017 Peak)[4]
History
Opened26 December 2005; 15 years ago (2005-12-26)
Technical
Line length65.43 km (40.66 mi)
Number of tracks2
CharacterUnderground
Track gauge
ElectrificationOverhead lines, 1,500 V DC
Operating speed120 km/h (75 mph)
Line 3
Simplified Chinese?3
Traditional Chinese?3
Shiqiao line
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Airport line
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese

Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro is a 65.43-kilometer (40.66 mi) rapid transit line connecting Panyu Square to Tianhe Coach Terminal. The entire line, including all track and stations, is located in tunnels.[5] Its 57.93 km (36.00 mi) main branch, excluding the 7.5 km (4.7 mi) branch between Tianhe Coach Terminal and Tiyu Xilu, is the longest continuous subway tunnel in the world, and the longest rail tunnel of any kind (surpassing the Gotthard Base Tunnel in Switzerland).

Line 3 is split into two sections, Shiqiao line (main line, from Panyu Square to Tianhe Coach Terminal) and Airport line (northern branch, Tiyu Xilu to Airport North), and are branded with the colour orange. The line is extremely congested, with numerous sections officially operating over 100% capacity.[6]

History

Line 3 drawn to scale.

Line 3 was built in four main stages, opened over a five-year period:[7]

  • 26 December 2001 - Construction of Line 3 phase 1 officially commenced with an experimental section at Datang station.
  • 26 January 2003 - Construction work at Datang was completed and capped.[8]
  • 8 February 2003 - Tunnel boring machines begin boring tunnels on Line 3 Phase 1.[9]
  • 18 May 2003 - Tunnel boring machines beginning boring tunnels on a section of Line 3 at Tiyu Xilu station. Tiyu Xilu Station will use cut-and-cover construction with a bored section in the middle where it runs under Line 1 with only 80cm of cover.[10]
  • 30 May 2003 - Construction work at Shiqiao station was completed and capped one month ahead of schedule.[11] At the same time, Lijiao station begin construction works.[12]
  • 3 August 2004 - Tunnel boring machine finish boring across the Pearl River.
  • 9 August 2004 - Boring was completed between Dashi station to Hanxi Changlong station.
  • 22 October 2004 - First section of Line 3 phase 1 was completed also Gangding was completed and capped.
  • 26 November 2004 - Interior works at Kecun was completed.
  • 28 February 2005 - Boring works was completed on Hanxi Changlong to Shiqiao.
  • 22 May 2005 - Purchase of Seltrac S40 control system from Alcatel.[13]
  • 30 July 2005 - Purchase of 99 sets of escalator from Hitachi.[14]
  • 18 November 2005 - Train set from CSR Zhuzhou was delivered.
  • 26 December 2005 - The first section of Line 3 phase 1 enter operation.
  • 6 June 2006 - Boring works was completed on Line 3 phase 1.
  • 25 September 2006 - Starting operation on the second section of Line 3 phase 1 was delayed.
  • 20 November 2006 - Temporarily suspension of operation on Line 3 for 40 days.
  • 30 December 2006 - The second and third section of Line 3 phase 1 was completed and entire Line 3 phase 1 resumed operation with new service routes: Tianhe Coach Terminal to Panyu Square and Tiyu Xilu to Guangzhou East.
  • 14 May 2007 - The original Airport Express Line plan between the new Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport to Tianhe District was merged into Line 3 as Line 3 Phase 2. The 17km of line was redesigned to run underground instead of elevated like the original plan and one station, what is today Gaozeng station, was added.[15]
  • 24 June 2008 - One additional station, Yongtai station, was added into Line 3 Phase 2.
  • 8 December 2008 - Construction of Line 3 phase 2 officially commenced.
  • 16 February 2009 - Tunnel boring machine beginning boring tunnels on Line 3 phase 2.
  • 30 October 2010 - Line 3 phase 2 enter operation.
  • In 2010, in response to heavy congestion, trains were expanded from three cars to six car trains.[16][17]
  • 28 December 2017 - Gaozeng station opened with Line 9.
  • 26 April 2018 - Extended from Airport South to Airport North.
Segment Commencement Length Station(s) Name
Kecun -- Guangzhou East 26 December 2005 7.8 km (4.85 mi) 5 (northern section)
Panyu Square -- Kecun 30 December 2006 19.6 km (12.18 mi) 7 (southern section)
Tiyu Xilu -- Tianhe Coach Terminal 7.5 km (4.66 mi) 5 (spur section)
Airport South -- Guangzhou East 30 October 2010 29.3 km (18.21 mi) 10 Northern extension
Gaozeng 28 December 2017 Infill station 1 Line 9 connector
Airport North -- Airport South 26 April 2018 1.23 km (0.76 mi) 1 Airport extension

Train service

There are 4 types of train services offered on the metro line 3:

Stations

  • N - Northern extension
  • M - Main line
  • MN - Main + Northern services
  • S - Short line services
N M MN S Station
No.
Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
? ? 3 01 Panyu Square ?  17   18   22  0.00 0.00 Panyu
? ? 3 02 Shiqiao 3.86 3.86
? ? 3 03 Hanxi Changlong ?  7  6.27 10.13
? ? ? 3 04 Dashi 2.44 12.57
? ? ? 3 05 Xiajiao 2.85 15.42
? ? ? 3 06 Lijiao  Guangfo  1.85 17.27 Haizhu
? ? ? 3 07 Datang  11  2.57 19.84
? ? ? 3 08 Kecun  8  2.02 21.86
? ? ? 3 09 Canton Tower formerly Chigang Pagoda  APM  Guangzhou Trams  THZ1  1.15 23.01
? ? ? 3 10 Zhujiang New Town formerly Zhu Jiang Xin Cheng ?  5  1.51 24.52 Tianhe
? ? ? ? 3 11 Tiyu Xilu ?  1   10  (via Tianhe Lu) Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 1.31 25.83
| ? | | 3 12 Shipaiqiao Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 1.34 27.17
| ? | | 3 13 Gangding Guangzhou Bus Rapid Transit GBRT 0.85 28.02
| ? | | 3 14 South China Normal University  11  0.88 28.90
| ? | | 3 15 Wushan 1.59 30.49
| ? | | 3 16 Tianhe Coach Terminal  6  2.59 33.08
? ? ? 3 17 Linhexi  APM  1.15 34.23 Tianhe
? ? ? 3 18 Guangzhou East Railway Station ?  1   GS  Guangzhou East railway station GGQ 1.09 35.32
? ? ? 3 19 Yantang  6  1.07 36.39
? ? ? 3 20 Meihuayuan 1.90 38.29 Baiyun
? ? ? 3 21 Jingxi Nanfang Hospital 1.36 39.65
? ? ? 3 22 Tonghe 1.39 41.04
? ? 3 23 Yongtai 3.34 44.38
? ? 3 24 Baiyundadaobei 0.85 45.23
? ? 3 25 Jiahewanggang ?  2   14  2.25 47.48
? ? 3 26 Longgui 6.30 53.78
? ? 3 27 Renhe 5.37 59.15
? ? 3 28 Gaozeng  9  2.46 61.61
? ? 3 29 Airport South (Terminal 1) (1?) Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport CAN 3.81 65.42 Huadu
? ? 3 30 Airport North (Terminal 2) (2?) Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport CAN 1.23 66.65

Future Expansion

Eastern Extension

A further extension east of Haibang Station to Hai'ou Island and eventually across the Pearl River to Dongguan was proposed in 2007. In 2017, the Guangzhou Municipal Land Planning Commission approved the planning for Line 3 to be extended to Hai'ou Island.[18] However, the extension eastward beyond Panyu Square station was approved by National Development and Reform Commission to only reach Haibang station as part of Guangzhou's (2015-2025) subway expansion plan in March 2018.[19] It was revealed that the extension to Hai'ou Island is reserved for future planning.[20] The extension is 9.58km long as will add four new stations and connect Line 3 to Line 4.[21] Guangzhou Metro will order 10 more six car trains to serve the extension. Construction of this extension started November 19, 2018.[22]

Station
no.
Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Haibang  4  Panyu
Jinguang Dadao ?
Guangzhou Xinchengxi
Panyu Coach Terminal

Line 10

The Tiyu Xilu-Tianhe Coach Terminal Section will end its service. The Shipaiqiao-Tianhe Coach Terminal Section will be given to Line 10.

Rolling Stock

At the time of introduction Line 3 trains were one of the fastest subway trains in China, reaching up to 120km/h in service.[23] As of 2020 there is currently a fleet of 71 six car trains serving Line 3.[24] In August 2020, plans were announced for 18 additional trains to be purchased for Line 3.[24][25]

Type Time of manufacturing Series Sets Assembly Notes
Type B 2005-2007 B1 20 Mcp+T+Mcp=Mcp+T+Mcp Manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive and Siemens Mobility initially as 40 three car sets but later reformed into 20 six car sets.[23][26]
Type B 2009-2011 B2 25 Mc+Tp+M+M+Tp+Mc First batch manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive[27]
Type B 2011-2012 B4 26 Mc+Tp+M+M+Tp+Mc Second batch manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive

References

  1. ^ http://www.railway-technology.com/projects/guangzhou/
  2. ^ http://help.3g.163.com/16/1115/20/C5UL5L2500964J4O.html
  3. ^ Yao Jiamin (), ed. (2015-09-03). ?_?_. Gz.southcn.com. Retrieved .
  4. ^ 1024.1?! (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro. 2019-03-04. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Fastest advanced metro starts service". Chinadaily.com.cn. 2005-12-26. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "?-". web.archive.org. 2018-04-09. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Dates fixed for opening of six new metro lines". NEWSGD.com. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ "?: ?". news.southcn.com. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "". news.southcn.com. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "?:80". news.southcn.com. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "". web.archive.org. 2016-06-04. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "?: ?". web.archive.org. 2015-09-24. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "?3_?_?_". finance.sina.com.cn. Retrieved .
  14. ^ " 99·?·". news.southcn.com. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "17-?". news.sohu.com. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "_?_". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "? 3?6?__". news.qq.com. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "?_". web.archive.org. 2017-04-09. Retrieved .
  19. ^ ",?,_?". web.archive.org. 2018-01-21. Retrieved .
  20. ^ ",?,_?". web.archive.org. 2018-01-21. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "!!_?_". kb.southcn.com. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "?|?". WeChat Official Accounts Platform. Retrieved .
  23. ^ a b "". www.most.gov.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved .
  24. ^ a b " - ". www.gz.gov.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved .
  25. ^ "? - ". ggzy.gz.gov.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved .
  26. ^ "?B1?" (in Chinese).
  27. ^ "? 3?6?__". news.qq.com (in Chinese). Retrieved .

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Line_3_(Guangzhou_Metro)
 



 



 
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