Lienard Equation

Get Lienard Equation essential facts below. View Videos or join the Lienard Equation discussion. Add Lienard Equation to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
## Definition

## Liénard system

## Example

## Liénard's theorem

## See also

## Footnotes

## External links

This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Lienard Equation

In mathematics, more specifically in the study of dynamical systems and differential equations, a **Liénard equation**^{[1]} is a second order differential equation, named after the French physicist Alfred-Marie Liénard.

During the development of radio and vacuum tube technology, Liénard equations were intensely studied as they can be used to model oscillating circuits. Under certain additional assumptions **Liénard's theorem** guarantees the uniqueness and existence of a limit cycle for such a system.

Let *f* and *g* be two continuously differentiable functions on **R**, with *g* an odd function and *f* an even function. Then the second order ordinary differential equation of the form

is called the **Liénard equation**.

The equation can be transformed into an equivalent two-dimensional system of ordinary differential equations. We define

then

is called a **Liénard system**.

Alternatively, since Liénard equation itself is also an autonomous differential equation, the substitution leads the Liénard equation to become a first order differential equation:

which belongs to Abel equation of the second kind.^{[2]}^{[3]}

is a Liénard equation. The solution of a Van der Pol oscillator has a limit cycle. Such cycle has a solution of a Liénard equation with negative at small and positive otherwise. The Van der Pol equation has no exact, analytic solution. Such solution for a limit cycle exists if is a constant piece-wise function.^{[4]}

A Liénard system has a unique and stable limit cycle surrounding the origin if it satisfies the following additional properties:^{[5]}

*g*(*x*) > 0 for all*x*> 0;*F*(*x*) has exactly one positive root at some value*p*, where*F*(*x*) < 0 for 0 <*x*<*p*and*F*(*x*) > 0 and monotonic for*x*>*p*.

**^**Liénard, A. (1928) "Etude des oscillations entretenues,"*Revue générale de l'électricité***23**, pp. 901-912 and 946-954.**^**Liénard equation at eqworld.**^**Abel equation of the second kind at eqworld.**^**Pilipenko A. M., and Biryukov V. N. «Investigation of Modern Numerical Analysis Methods of Self-Oscillatory Circuits Efficiency», Journal of Radio Electronics, No 9, (2013). http://jre.cplire.ru/jre/aug13/9/text-engl.html**^**For a proof, see Perko, Lawrence (1991).*Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems*(Third ed.). New York: Springer. pp. 254-257. ISBN 0-387-97443-1.

- "Liénard equation",
*Encyclopedia of Mathematics*, EMS Press, 2001 [1994] - LienardSystem at PlanetMath.org.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Popular Products

Music Scenes

Popular Artists