Levy Hradec
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Levy Hradec
Remains of inner fortification line.
St. Clement church from SE.
Vltava River valley as seen from Levý Hradec.
St. Clement church from N.

Levý Hradec is an early medieval Bohemian gord situated 3 km northwest of Prague borders near Roztoky, in the Czech Republic. This fortified settlement served as the original seat of Bo?ivoj I, the first known P?emyslid ruler. It was built on a promontory on the left bank of the Vltava River approximately in mid-9th century.

The first Christian church was built here shortly after Bo?ivoj I converted to Christianity. This church was consecrated to St. Clement.

The first historical evidence concerning Levý Hradec comes from Kristián who wrote about the St. Clement church and its first priest Kaich. Kristián also mentions Saint Adalbert of Slavník's dynasty to be elected here into his bishopric office on 19 February 982.

P?emyslid dynasty left Levý Hradec at the beginning of the 10th century but it seems that settlement persevered as dense as in the 9th century. New building were constructed and fortifications regularly repaired.

The site was abandoned at the end of the 11th century as there is no further evidence of fortifications being repaired. Nevertheless, the reason why it happened so is still unknown.

The site was excavated as soon as the 19th century by archeologists ?en?k Rýzner and Josef Ladislav Pí?. The main excavations took place in the 1930s and 1950s when Ivan Borkovský excavated the foundations of the original St. Clement church.

Near to Levý Hradec another early medieval fort has been first described by Josef Ladislav Pí?. The excavations started there in 2000 discovered remains of much larger settlement than expected until then, comparable with Levý Hradec. The involved archeologists now assume this settlement is the Pravý Hradec (levý hradec means fort on the left side, pravý means on the right side), the fort mentioned in contemporary records but never identified.

External links

Coordinates: 50°10?09?N 14°22?25?E / 50.16917°N 14.37361°E / 50.16917; 14.37361


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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