Led Zeppelin North American Tour 1973
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Led Zeppelin North American Tour 1973
North America 1973
Concert by Led Zeppelin
Associated albumHouses of the Holy
Start date4 May 1973
End date29 July 1973
No. of shows37
Led Zeppelin concert chronology

Led Zeppelin's 1973 North American Tour was the ninth concert tour of North America by the English rock band. The tour was divided into two legs, with performances commencing on 4 May and concluding on 29 July 1973. Rehearsals took place at Old Street Film Studios in London.


This tour took place shortly after the release of Led Zeppelin's fifth album, Houses of the Holy, which topped the charts. Prior to its commencement, Led Zeppelin's manager Peter Grant also hired PR consultant Danny Goldberg to further promote the tour, and booked a number of large stadium venues.[1] As a result, this tour broke box office records across America.[2] On May 5 at Tampa Stadium, Florida, they played to 56,800 fans (breaking the record set by The Beatles at Shea Stadium in 1965), and grossed $309,000 (US$1,743,974 in 2018 dollars[3]).[4][5] In total, this tour grossed over $4,000,000 (US$22,575,712 in 2018 dollars[3]).[1]

On-stage, Led Zeppelin's shows were developed further from those performed on previous tours, with the introduction of dry ice, laser effects, backdrop mirrors, hanging mirror balls and Catherine wheel pyrotechnics.[1][6] Their dress attire also took on a more flamboyant nature, evidenced in particular by guitarist Jimmy Page's hummingbird jacket and John Paul Jones' Spanish matador jacket.[1] This increase in on-stage theatricality was later referred to by Page during an interview he gave to rock journalist Mick Wall:

Originally, we saw the whole essence of our live performance as something that the audience listened to very carefully, picking up on what was going on, the spontaneity and musicianship. And you can't do that if you're running around the stage all night, or at least we couldn't back then." By 1973, however, "we were much more ambitious, in that respect. We really wanted to take the live performances as far as they could go.[7]

Promotional poster of Led Zeppelin, 1973

The three sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden in New York City which concluded the tour were filmed for a motion picture, but the theatrical release of this project (The Song Remains the Same) was delayed until 1976. The film documents the theft of $180,000 of the group's money from a safe deposit box at the Drake Hotel in New York, just before their final show.[6] The theft was discovered by Led Zeppelin tour manager Richard Cole, who was immediately interrogated by police as a suspect. The sum of money was the band's takings from their three New York concerts. It was never recovered and the identity of the thief or thieves has never been discovered.[8] The band later sued the Drake Hotel for the theft.[9]

It was also during this tour that Led Zeppelin hired for the first time The Starship - a former United Airlines Boeing 720B passenger jet. During the early part of the tour the band had hired a small private Falcon Jet to transport its members from city to city, but these aircraft are comparatively light and susceptible to air turbulence. After performing a show at Kezar Stadium in San Francisco on June 2,[10] Led Zeppelin encountered bad turbulence on a flight back to Los Angeles. As a result, Grant resolved to hire The Starship for the remainder of the tour, at a cost of $30,000.[11][12] The exterior of the plane was re-sprayed with Led Zeppelin emblazoned down the side of the fuselage.

Flying on The Starship, Led Zeppelin were now no longer required to change hotels so often. They could base themselves in large cities and travel to and from concerts within flying distance.[11] After each show, the band members would be transported direct by limousine from the concert venue to the airport, as depicted in the concert film, The Song Remains the Same.

In an interview he gave to Edgar Rice Burroughs in 1975, Page commented on the exhausting nature of the 1973 tour:

[W]e were playing [sets] for three hours solid, and physically that was a real...I mean, when I came back from the last tour I didn't know where I was. I didn't even know where I was going. We ended up in New York and the only thing that I could relate to was the instrument onstage. It was like swinging on liana from one city to the other, you know? I just couldn't....I was just totally and completely spaced out.[13]

In a much more recent interview, Page recalled:

What I remember about that 1973 tour is that we arrived in America and we did 53,000 at Atlanta and then 55,000 at the following concert in Tampa, Florida -- it was quite clear that if people were going to come along to see us in those kind of numbers we weren't going to have problems doing concerts that would fulfil the demand. It was phenomenal though -- the audience reaction was just so with us, y'know.[14]

Led Zeppelin vocalist Robert Plant has also expressed his own recollections of the tour:

I remember that tour rather like the lyrics to "The Battle of Evermore". A flash. Really fast. Lots of battles and conquests. And the din of the hordes. So much happened in such a short time. It was phenomenal.[15]

The kind of speed we were moving at, the creative juices in the air, the whole thing was just an absolute mixture of adrenaline, chemical, euphoria ... and there were no brakes. We couldn't stop what was happening. We had no idea what it even was. But we just kept trying, pushing forward, every show.[8]

Tour set list

The song "No Quarter" from the band's recent album release, Houses of the Holy, was played for the first time on this tour. The band also dropped their acoustic set, which was not revived until the Earl's Court shows in May 1975.

The fairly typical set list for the tour was:

  1. "Rock and Roll" (Page, Plant, Jones, Bonham)
  2. "Celebration Day" (Jones, Page, Plant)
  3. "Bring It On Home" (intro) (Dixon, Page, Plant) / "Black Dog" (Page, Plant, Jones)
  4. "Over the Hills and Far Away" (Page, Plant)
  5. "Misty Mountain Hop" (Page, Plant, Jones)
  6. "Since I've Been Loving You" (Page, Plant, Jones)
  7. "No Quarter" (Page, Plant, Jones)
  8. "The Song Remains the Same" (Page, Plant)
  9. "The Rain Song" (Page, Plant)
  10. "Dazed and Confused" (Page)
  11. "Stairway to Heaven" (Page, Plant)
  12. "Moby Dick" (Page, Jones, Bonham)
  13. "Heartbreaker" (Bonham, Page, Plant)
  14. "Whole Lotta Love" (Bonham, Dixon, Jones, Page, Plant)

Encores (variations of the following list):

There were some set list substitutions, variations, and order switches during the tour.

Tour dates

Date City Country Venue
4 May 1973 Atlanta United States Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium
5 May 1973 Tampa Tampa Stadium
7 May 1973 Jacksonville Jacksonville Coliseum
10 May 1973 Tuscaloosa Memorial Coliseum
11 May 1973 St. Louis St. Louis Arena
13 May 1973 Mobile Municipal Auditorium
14 May 1973 New Orleans New Orleans Municipal Auditorium
16 May 1973 Houston Sam Houston Coliseum
18 May 1973 Dallas Dallas Memorial Auditorium
19 May 1973 Fort Worth Tarrant Country Convention Center
22 May 1973 San Antonio Convention Center Arena
23 May 1973 Albuquerque University Arena
25 May 1973 Denver Denver Coliseum
26 May 1973 Salt Lake City Salt Palace
28 May 1973 San Diego San Diego Sports Arena
31 May 1973 Inglewood The Forum
2 June 1973 San Francisco[16] Kezar Stadium
3 June 1973 Inglewood The Forum
6 July 1973 Chicago Chicago Stadium
7 July 1973
8 July 1973 Indianapolis Market Square Arena (unconfirmed)
9 July 1973 Saint Paul St. Paul Civic Center
10 July 1973 Milwaukee Milwaukee Arena
12 July 1973 Detroit Cobo Hall
13 July 1973
15 July 1973 Buffalo Buffalo Memorial Auditorium
17 July 1973 Seattle Seattle Center Coliseum
18 July 1973 Vancouver Canada Pacific Coliseum
19 July 1973 Philadelphia United States The Spectrum
20 July 1973 Boston Boston Garden
21 July 1973 Providence Providence Civic Center
23 July 1973 Baltimore Baltimore Civic Center
24 July 1973 Pittsburgh Three Rivers Stadium
27 July 1973 New York City Madison Square Garden
The Song Remains the Same film and soundtrack album
28 July 1973
29 July 1973


  • Dave Lewis; Simon Pallett (1997). Led Zeppelin: The Concert File. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-5307-9.
  1. ^ a b c d Dave Lewis; Simon Pallett (1997). Led Zeppelin: The Concert File. Omnibus Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-7119-5307-9.
  2. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Led Zeppelin Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800-". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Led Zeppelin official website: concert summary
  5. ^ Stephen Davis (1995). Hammer of the Gods (LPC) ISBN 0-330-43859-X.
  6. ^ a b Chris Welch (1994-11-01). Led Zeppelin. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-85797-930-5.
  7. ^ Mick Wall, "The truth behind the Led Zeppelin legend", Times Online, November 1, 2008
  8. ^ a b Liner notes by Cameron Crowe for The Song Remains the Same, reissued version, 2007.
  9. ^ Dave Lewis; Simon Pallett (1997). Led Zeppelin: The Concert File. Omnibus Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-0-7119-5307-9.
  10. ^ Led Zeppelin official website: concert summary
  11. ^ a b Dave Lewis; Simon Pallett (1997). Led Zeppelin: The Concert File. Omnibus Press. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-7119-5307-9.
  12. ^ Led Zeppelin :: Achilles Last Stand
  13. ^ William S. Burroughs, Rock Magic: Jimmy Page, Led Zeppelin, and a Search for the Elusive Stairway to Heaven, Crawdaddy!, June 1975.
  14. ^ James Jackson, "Jimmy Page on Led Zeppelin IV, the band's peak and their reunion, The Times, January 8, 2010 .
  15. ^ Liner notes for the Led Zeppelin boxed set.
  16. ^ http://www.jimmypage.com/live/1973/06/2

External links

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