Le Guide Culinaire
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Le Guide Culinaire

Le Guide culinaire
Guide culinaire fr 2001.jpg
2001 printing of 4th edition in French
AuthorAuguste Escoffier
CountryFrance
LanguageFrench
SubjectCulinary Arts
Genrenon-fiction
PublisherEditions Flammarion
Publication date
1903
Media typebook
Pages943
ISBN2-08-200803-7 (2001 printing)
OCLC30633064

Le Guide culinaire (French pronunciation: ​[l? ?id kylin?:?]) is Escoffier's 1903 French restaurant cuisine cookbook, his first. It is a classic and still in print. Escoffier developed the recipes while working at the Savoy, Ritz and Carlton hotels from the late 1880s to the time of publication. The hotels and restaurants Escoffier worked in were on the cutting edge of modernity, doing away with many overwrought elements of the Victorian era while serving the elite of society.[1]

History

The first edition was printed in 1903 in French,[2] the second edition was published in 1907, the third in 1912,[3] and the current fourth edition in 1921.

Many of the recipes Escoffier developed while working at the Savoy in London, and later the Ritz in Paris.[1] He kept notes on note cards. Recipes were often created and named for famous patrons including royalty, nouveau riche, and artists. After leaving the Savoy in 1898, he began work on the book.[1]

Usage and style

The original text was printed for the use of professional chefs and kitchen staff; Escoffier's introduction to the first edition explains his intention that Le Guide culinaire be used toward the education of the younger generation of cooks. This usage of the book still holds today; many culinary schools still use it as their culinary textbook.

Its style is to give recipes as brief descriptions and to assume that the reader either knows or can look up the keywords in the description.

English edition

An abridged English translation was published in 1907 as A Guide to Modern Cookery,[4][5] and an edition was published in 1957 with an introduction by Eugène Herbodeau.[6] An English translation of 1921 French fourth edition, by H. L. Cracknell and R. J. Kaufmann, was published in 1979 as The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery: The First Translation into English in Its Entirety of Le Guide Culinaire, including "some 2,000 additional recipes" omitted from the more than 5000 recipes of the 1907 translation.[3][5][7] The 1979 translation was subsequently published as Escoffier: The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery (1983),[8] and a revised second edition with new forewords was published as Escoffier: Le Guide Culinaire, Revised (2011).[9]

Le Répertoire de la Cuisine, written by Escoffier's student Louis Saulnier, is a companion guide to this culinary reference.

English translation of 4th edition

References

  1. ^ a b c Luke Bar (2018). Ritz and Escoffier: The Hotelier, The Chef, and the Rise of the Leisure Class. Clarkson Potter. ISBN 978-0804186292.
  2. ^ Escoffier, Auguste; Gilbert, Philéas; Fétu, E.; Suzanne, A.; Reboul, B.; Dietrich, Ch.; Caillat, A.; et al. (1903). Le Guide Culinaire, Aide-mémoire de cuisine pratique (in French). Paris: Émile Colin, Imprimerie de Lagny.
  3. ^ a b Zeldin, Theodore (1993). A History of French Passions 1848-1945: Intellect, Taste, and Anxiety. Oxford University Press. p. 737. ISBN 978-0-19-822178-4.
  4. ^ Escoffier, Auguste (1907). A Guide to Modern Cookery. London: William Heinemann. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ a b James, Kenneth (2002). Escoffier: The King of Chefs. Continuum. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-85285-396-9.
  6. ^ David, Elizabeth (1999). French Provincial Cooking. United States: Penguin Books. pp. 464, 469. ISBN 978-0-14-118153-0. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ Escoffier, Auguste (1979). Escoffier: The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery: The First Translation into English in Its Entirety of Le Guide Culinaire. Butterworth-Heinemann Limited. ISBN 978-0-7506-0288-4.
  8. ^ Escoffier, Auguste; Cracknell, H.L.; Kaufmann, R.J. (15 June 1983). Escoffier: The Complete Guide to the Art of Modern Cookery. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-29016-2.
  9. ^ Escoffier, Auguste; Cracknell, H.L.; Kaufmann, R.J. (7 June 2011). Escoffier: Le Guide Culinaire, Revised. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-90027-7.
  • Escoffier, Georges Auguste., Le Guide culinaire, 4th edition. France: Flammarion, 1921 (renewed 1993)
  • Escoffier, Georges Auguste, Trans. anon., The Escoffier Cookbook. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1969

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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