Get Late Egyptian Language essential facts below. View Videos or join the Late Egyptian Language discussion. Add Late Egyptian Language to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Late Egyptian is not descended directly from Middle Egyptian, which was based on a different dialect.
Late Egyptian literature
Late Egyptian is represented by a large body of religious and secular literature, comprising such examples as the Story of Wenamun, the love poems of the Chester-Beatty I papyrus, and the Instruction of Any. Instructions became a popular literary genre of the New Kingdom, which took the form of advice on proper behavior. Late Egyptian was also the language of New Kingdom administration.
Differences between Middle and Late Egyptian
Late Egyptian is not completely distinct from Middle Egyptian, as many "classicisms" appear in historical and literary documents of this phase. However, the difference between Middle and Late Egyptian is greater than the difference between Middle and Old Egyptian. Originally a synthetic language, Egyptian by the Late Egyptian phase had become an analytic language. The relationship between Middle Egyptian and Late Egyptian has been described as being similar to that between Latin and Italian.
Written Late Egyptian was seemingly a better representative than Middle Egyptian of the spoken language in the New Kingdom and beyond: weak consonants ?, w, j, as well as the feminine ending .t were increasingly dropped, apparently because they stopped being pronounced.
The demonstrative pronouns p? (masc.), t? (fem.), and n? (pl.) were used as definite articles.
The old form s?m.n.f (he heard) of the verb was replaced by s?m-f which had both prospective (he shall hear) and perfective (he heard) aspects. The past tense was also formed using the auxiliary verb jr (make), as in jr.f sa?a.f (he has accused him).
Adjectives as attributes of nouns are often replaced by nouns.