Coryell in 1979
||Lorenz Albert Van DeLinder III
April 2, 1943|
Galveston, Texas, U.S.
||February 19, 2017
New York City
||Jazz, jazz fusion, free jazz, pop, rock, classical
||Vanguard, Arista, Novus, Muse, Shanachie, Chesky, Wide Hive, Patuxent
Larry Coryell (born Lorenz Albert Van DeLinder III; April 2, 1943 - February 19, 2017) was an American jazz guitarist known as the "Godfather of Fusion".
Larry Coryell was born in Galveston, Texas. He never knew his biological father, a musician. He was raised by his stepfather Gene, a chemical engineer, and his mother Cora, who encouraged him to learn piano when he was four years old.
In his teens he switched to guitar. After his family moved to Richland, Washington, he took lessons from a teacher who lent him albums by Les Paul, Johnny Smith, Barney Kessel, and Tal Farlow. When asked what jazz guitar albums influenced him, Coryell cited On View at the Five Spot by Kenny Burrell, Red Norvo with Strings, and The Incredible Jazz Guitar of Wes Montgomery. He liked blues and pop music and tried to play jazz when he was eighteen. He said that hearing Wes Montgomery changed his life.
Coryell graduated from Richland High School, where he played in local bands the Jailers, the Rumblers, the Royals, and the Flames. He also played with the Checkers from Yakima. He then moved to Seattle to attend the University of Washington.
In September 1965, Coryell moved to New York City, where he attended Mannes School of Music. After moving to New York, he listened to classical composers such as Bartok, Debussy, Ravel, Stravinsky, and Shostakovich.
He replaced guitarist Gbor Szab in Chico Hamilton's quintet. In 1967-68, he recorded with Gary Burton. During the mid-1960s he played with the Free Spirits, his first recorded band. His music during the late-1960s and early-1970s combined rock, jazz, and eastern music.
He married writer-actress Julie Nathanson. She appeared on the cover of his albums, Lady Coryell, Larry Coryell at the Village Gate, and The Lion and the Ram and wrote the book Jazz-Rock Fusion based on interviews with musicians such as Chick Corea and John McLaughlin. She sang on one track on Coryell's 1984 album Comin' Home. The couple divorced in 1985. She died in 2009.
In the Seventies, he led the group Foreplay with Mike Mandel, a friend since childhood, although the albums of this period, Barefoot Boy, Offering, and The Real Great Escape, were credited only to "Larry Coryell." He formed The Eleventh House in 1973. Several of the group's albums included drummer Alphonse Mouzon.
He recorded two guitar duet albums with Philip Catherine. In 1979, he formed The Guitar Trio with John McLaughlin and Paco de Lucia. The group toured Europe briefly, releasing a video recorded at Royal Albert Hall in London entitled Meeting of Spirits. In early 1980, Coryell's drug addiction led to his being replaced by Al Di Meola. He recorded Together with guitarist Emily Remler. She died from a heroin overdose in 1990.
Coryell died on February 19, 2017, of heart failure in New York City, at the age of 73. He was performing at the Iridium jazz club in Manhattan that weekend.
In his review of the concert at the Iridium, David Miller of All About Jazz wrote:
"This was jazz at its finest--complex and virtuosic yet easily accessible, at times intense, at others fun-filled, and always with the feeling of the unknown that comes with truly spontaneous and inspired improvisation. While the music was steeped in the bop tradition, the musicians continually found new ways to utilize the idiom. Few locations other than New York could host a powerhouse gathering of musical heavyweights of this order, and one can only hope that the shows have been recorded for a future release."
When NPR radio host Billy Taylor, on one of the editions of Billy Taylor's Jazz at the Kennedy Center, introduced Coryell, he said:
"Versatile virtuoso guitarist Larry Coryell proves to be more than an outstanding musician; he's also a particularly enlightening and affable conversationalist.
Coryell at Jazz im Palmengarten, Frankfurt am Main, 2009
- Albums are listed by release date.
- Lady Coryell (Vanguard, 1969)
- Coryell (Vanguard, 1969)
- Spaces (Vanguard, 1970)
- Larry Coryell at the Village Gate (Vanguard, 1971)
- Fairyland (1971)
- Barefoot Boy (Flying Dutchman, 1971)
- Offering (Vanguard, 1972)
- The Real Great Escape (Vanguard, 1973)
- Introducing Eleventh House with Larry Coryell (Vanguard, 1974)
- Level One (Arista, 1975)
- The Restful Mind (Vanguard, 1975)
- Planet End (Vanguard, 1975)
- Aspects (Arista, 1976)
- The Lion and the Ram (Arista, 1976)
- Twin House with Philip Catherine (Elektra, 1977)
- Two for the Road with Steve Khan (Arista, 1977)
- Back Together Again with Alphonse Mouzon (Atlantic, 1977)
- At Montreaux (1978)
- Better than Live (Direct, 1978)
- Standing Ovation (Mood, 1978)
- European Impressions (Arista Novus, 1978)
- Splendid with Philip Catherine (Elektra, 1978)
- Difference (Egg, 1978)
- Tributaries with John Scofield, Joe Beck (Arista, 1979)
- Return (Vanguard, 1979)
- Bole;ro (String, 1981)
- L'Oiseau de Feu, Petrouchka (Philips, 1983)
- Le Sacre Du Printemps (Philips, 1983)
- Comin' Home (Muse, 1984)
- A Quiet Day in Spring with Michal Urbaniak (SteepleChase, 1984)
- Just Like Being Born (1984)
- Together with Emily Remler (Concord Jazz, 1985)
- Equipoise (Muse, 1986)
- Dedicated to Bill Evans and Scott LaFaro (Jazzpoint, 1987)
- Toku Do (Muse, 1987)
- Air Dancing (Jazzpoint, 1988)
- Dragon Gate (Shanachie, 1989)
- Coryell Plays Revel and Gershwin (1990)
- Shining Hour (Muse, 1989)
- Welcome My Darling (Arco, 1990)
- Larry Coryell and Don Lanphere (Hep, 1990)
- American Odyssey (DRG, 1990)
- Twelve Frets to One Octave (Shanachie, 1991)
- Live from Bahia (Rhino, 1992)
- Fallen Angel (CTI, 1993)
- I'll Be Over You (CTI, 1995)
- Sketches of Coryell (Shanachie, 1996)
- Spaces Revisited (Shanachie, 1997)
- Cause and Effect (Tone Center, 1998)
- Private Concert (Acoustic Music Records, 1998)
- Monk, Trane, Miles, and Me (HighNote, 1999)
- From the Ashes with L. Subramaniam (Water Lily Acoustics, 1999)
- Coryells (Chesky, 2000)
- New High (HighNote, 2000)
- Moonlight Whispers (Membran, 2001)
- Inner Urge (HighNote, 2001)
- Cedars of Avalon (HighNote, 2002)
- The Power Trio: Live in Chicago (HighNote, 2003)
- Three Guitars with Badi Assad and John Abercrombie (Chesky, 2003)
- Tricycles (In Out, 2004)
- Electric (Chesky, 2005)
- Larry Coryell and the Miroslav Vitous Quartet (Jazzpoint, 2005)
- Traffic (Chesky, 2006)
- Laid Back and Blues (Rhombus, 2006)
- Impressions (Chesky, 2008)
- Earthquake at the Avalon (Iakustik, 2009)
- Prime Picks (HighNote, 2010)
- Larry Coryell with the Wide Hive Players (Wide Hive, 2011)
- Montgomery (Patuxent, 2011)
- Duality with Kenny Drew (Random Act, 2011)
- The Lift (Wide Hive, 2013)
- Larry Coryell & The Eleventh House January 1975 (2014)
- Heavy Feel (Wide Hive, 2015)
- The Funky Waltz (Jazz Workshop, Boston 1973) (2016)
- Larry Coryell's 11th House: Seven Secrets (Savoy, 2017)
With Gary Burton
With Marcel Dadi
- Country Guitar Flavors (1996)
- Nashville Rendez-Vous (1996)
- Marcel Dadi (1997)
With Ithamara Koorax
- Ithamara Koorax & Luiz Bonfa (1996)
- Amor Sem Adeus (1998)
- Almost in Love (2002)
- Fusion Best (2012)
With Herbie Mann
- Memphis Underground (1969)
- Memphis Two-Step (1971)
- Mellow (1981)
With Steve Marcus
- Tomorrow Never Knows (Vortex, 1968)
- Count's Rock Band (Vortex, 1969)
- The Lord's Prayer (Vortex, 1969)
With Charles Mingus
With Don Sebesky
- Don Sebesky and the Jazz-Rock Syndrome (1968)
- Distant Galaxy (1968)
- I Remember Bill: Tribute to Bill Evans (1998)
With L. Subramaniam
- Blossom (1981)
- Spanish Wave (1983)
- Mani and Co. (1986)
With Kazumi Watanabe
- Dogatana (1981)
- One for All (1999)
- Chico Hamilton, The Dealer (Impulse!, 1966)
- Chico O'Farrill, Nine Flags (Impulse!, 1966)
- The Appletree Theatre, Playback (Verve Forecast, 1967)
- The Free Spirits, Out of Sight and Sound (1968)
- Jazz Composer's Orchestra, The Jazz Composer's Orchestra (JCOA, 1968)
- Randy Brecker, Score (1969)
- Arnie Lawrence, Look Toward a Dream (1970)
- Eddie Cleanhead Vinson, You Can't Make Love Alone (1971)
- Jim Pepper, Pepper's Pow Wow (Embryo, 1971)
- Wolfgang Dauner, Knirsch (1972)
- Lenny White, Venusian Summer (1975)
- Michael Mantler, Movies (1977)
- Stu Goldberg, Solos Duos Trio (1978)
- Warren Bernhardt, Blue Montreux (1978)
- Warren Bernhardt, Blue Montreux 2 (1978)
- Stephane Grappelli, Young Django (1979)
- Chet Baker, Chet Baker / Wolfgang Lackerschmid (Sandra Music Productions, 1979)
- Simon & Bard, Musaic (1980)
- Paco de Lucia, Castro Marn (1981)
- The Larry Coryell/Michael Urbaniak Duo (1982)
- Ricky Ford, Future's Gold (Muse, 1983)
- Roland Hanna, Gershwin Carmichael Cats (1983)
- Three Guitars Three with Sharon Isbin and Laurindo Almeida (1985)
- Bireli Lagrene, And Special Guests (1986)
- All Strings Attached (1987)
- Mark Murphy, September Ballads (1988)
- Jack Walrath, Out of the Tradition (1992)
- Donald Harrison, The Power of Cool (1993)
- Return of the Great Guitars (1996)
- Bob Baldwin, Cool Breeze (1997)
- Billy Cobham, By Design (1999)
- Tim Eyermann, Karla's Fire (1999)
- Chick Corea, Les Incontournables (2000)
- Bob Moses, Love Animal (2003)
- Steve Adelson, The New Sticktet (2004)
- Royce Campbell, Six by Six (2004)
- Philip DeGruy, Just Duet (2005)
- Stefan Grossman, Friends Forever (2008)
- Murali Coryell, Sugar Lips (2009)
- The Fusion Syndicate, The Fusion Syndicate (2012)
- Joey DeFrancesco, Wonderful, Wonderful (2012)
- Roman Miroshnichenko, Surreal (2013)
- L. Subramaniam Violin From the Heart (1999) - directed by Jean Henri Meunier (includes a scene of Coryell performing with L. Subramaniam)
- Meeting of the Spirits /1979 (2003) - live performance in London featuring Coryell, John McLaughlin, and Paco de Lucia
- Super Guitar Trio and Friends in Concert /1990 (2005) - live performance featuring Coryell, Al Di Meola, and Bire;li Lagrne
- Super Guitar Trio: Live in Montreux /1989 (2007) - live performance featuring Coryell, Al Di Meola, and Bire;li Lagrne
- Three Guitars: Paris Concert /2004 (2012) - live performance featuring Coryell, Badi Assad, and John Abercrombie
- Larry Coryell: Blues and Beyond (2017) - video series featuring Coryell
- ^ Ginell, Richard S. "Larry Coryell". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015.
- ^ Varga, George. "Jazz fusion guitarist Larry Coryell dies at 73". Webcache.googleusercontent.com. Archived from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ a b Barth, Joe (2006). Voices in Jazz Guitar. Pacific, Missouri: Mel Bay. pp. 141-157. ISBN 0786676795.
- ^ a b Keepnews, Peter (February 21, 2017). "Larry Coryell, Guitarist of Fusion Before It Had a Name, Dies at 73". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017.
- ^ "Goodbye...Larry Coryell, 1943-2017". Elmore Magazine. February 21, 2017.
- ^ Unterberger 1998, pg. 329
- ^ Durkee, Cutler (13 November 1978). "Jazz and Rock Are An Explosive Combination: So Are Guitarist Larry Coryell and Wife Julie". People. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ Mandel, Howard (17 May 2009). "Julie Coryell, jazz author, manager, muse". Jazz Beyond Jazz. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ Sisario, Ben (28 May 2009). "Julie Coryell, Contributor to Jazz-Rock Fusion Scene, Dies at 61". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018.
- ^ Coryell, Larry (2007). Improvising: My Life in Music. New York: Hal Leonard. p. 89.
- ^ Riggs, Mike (19 March 2009). "Larry Coryell Power Trio". Washington City Paper. Retrieved 2010.
- ^ Cole, Tom; Hart, Otis (February 20, 2017). "Guitarist Larry Coryell, Godfather Of Fusion, Dies At 73". NPR Music.
- ^ "Larry Coryell Live at the Iridium". allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved 2010.
- ^ "Larry Coryell Live at the Kennedy Center". Npr.org. Retrieved 2010.
- ^ "Larry Coryell". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018.