|Area||36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi)|
|Coastline||12,221 km (7593.8 mi)|
|Highest elevation||1,791 m (5876 ft)|
|Highest point||Mount Kuj?|
|Prefectures|| Fukuoka Prefecture|
|Pop. density||307.13/km2 (795.46/sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||Japanese, Ryukyuan|
Kyushu (, Ky?sh?, pronounced [k::] , literally "Nine Provinces") is the third largest island of Japan's five main islands and the most southerly of the four largest islands (excluding Okinawa). In the past, it has been known as Ky?koku (, "Nine Countries"), Chinzei (, "West of the Pacified Area") and Tsukushi-no-shima (, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaid? (, lit. West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.
As of 2018, Kyushu has a population of 14,311,224 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).
The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits. Being the nearest island to the Asian continent, historically it is the gateway to Japan.
Today's Kyushu Region (?, Ky?sh?-chih?) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:
Kyushu has 10.3 percent of the population of Japan. Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Except for Oita and Miyazaki, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population.
Per Japanese census data, the Kyushu region's population with Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa and Kagoshima Prefectures) has experienced a large population decline since around 2000 whose population decline has softened mainly due to relatively high birth rate of Ryukyuans both within the Ryukyuan lands (Okinawa and Kagoshima) and throughout the Kyushu region. The Ryukyuans are an indigenous minority group in Japan.
Historical populations with Ryukyu Islands
Historical populations without Ryukyu Islands
Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima prefecture. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; also, silk is widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, metal processing, shipbuilding...etc.
Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. The springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile microorganisms, which are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.
Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:
The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu by the Kanmon Tunnels, which carry both the San'y? Shinkansen and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu Railway Company, as well as vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The Kanmon Bridge also connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway.
Several passenger and car ferry services connect both northern and southern Kyushu with main port cities on the main island of Honshu (Kobe, Osaka, Tokyo) and Shikoku.
MILT classification 6,852 islands(main islands: 5 islands, remote islands: 6,847 islands)