Kyushu
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Kyushu
Kyushu
Native name:
Terra Kyushu 20091028.jpg
Satellite picture of Kyushu
Kyushu Region in Japan (extended).svg
Kyushu region of Japan and the current prefectures on the island of Kyushu
Geography
LocationEast Asia
ArchipelagoJapanese Archipelago
Area36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi)
Area rank37th
Coastline12,221 km (7,593.8 mi)
Highest elevation1,791 m (5,876 ft)
Highest pointMount Kuj?[1]
Administration
Prefectures Fukuoka Prefecture
 Kagoshima Prefecture
 Kumamoto Prefecture
 Miyazaki Prefecture
 Nagasaki Prefecture
 ?ita Prefecture
 Okinawa Prefecture
 Saga Prefecture
Largest settlementFukuoka
Demographics
Population12,970,479 (2016)
Pop. density307.13 /km2 (795.46 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

Kyushu (, Ky?sh?, pronounced [k::] ; literally "Nine Provinces") is the third largest island of Japan's four main islands.[2][3] Its alternative ancient names include Ky?koku (, "Nine Countries"), Chinzei (, "West of the Pacified Area"), and Tsukushi-no-shima (, "Island of Tsukushi"). The historical regional name Saikaid? (, lit. West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

In the 8th-century Taih? Code reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region.[4]

As of 2016, Kyushu has a population of 12,970,479 and covers 36,782 square kilometres (14,202 sq mi).[5]

Geography

The island is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres (5,220 ft), is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, and around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits. Kyushu is the nearest to the Asian continent which made it the gateway to Japan.[6]

The name Ky?sh? comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaid? situated on the island: Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hy?ga, Osumi, and Satsuma.[7]

Today's Kyushu Region (?, Ky?sh?-chih?) is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu (which also includes the former Tsushima and Iki as part of Nagasaki), plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south:

Population

Kyushu has 10.3 percent of the population of Japan.[8] Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Except for Oita and Miyazaki, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population.

Kyushu is described as a stronghold of the Liberal Democratic Party.[9]

Designated cities

Core cities

Economy and environment

Map of Kyushu region with prefectures
JMSDF District Forces, including the Sasebo District Force

Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate, particularly Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima prefecture. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; also, silk is widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal processing.[]

In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%.[10]

Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu. The springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile microorganisms, which are capable of surviving in extremely hot environments.[11]

Education

Major universities and colleges in Kyushu:

Transportation

The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu by the Kanmon Tunnels, which carry both the San'y? Shinkansen and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu Railway Company, as well as vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic. The Kanmon Bridge also connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, and Nishitetsu Railway.[]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Kuj?-san, Japan". Peakbagger.com.
  2. ^ "?() (what is a remote island?)". MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism) (in Japanese). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 22 August 2015. Archived from the original (website) on 2007-07-13. Retrieved 2019. MILT classification 6,852 islands(main islands: 5 islands, remote islands: 6,847 islands)
  3. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ky?sh?" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 588, p. 588, at Google Books
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Dazaifu" in p. 150, p. 150, at Google Books; Dazaifu
  5. ^ "Discover the Geography of the 4 Main Islands of Japan". ThoughtCo. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Cobbing, Andrew (2009). Kyushu, gateway to Japan : a concise history. Global Oriental. p. 157. ISBN 9789004213128. OCLC 754792858.
  7. ^ Cobbing, Andrew (2009). Kyushu, gateway to Japan : a concise history. Global Oriental. p. 3. ISBN 9789004213128. OCLC 754792858.
  8. ^ Boquet, Yves (2017). The Philippine Archipelago. Springer. p. 16. ISBN 9783319519265.
  9. ^ "Japanese voters want a plan to handle a declining population". The Economist. 5 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Grads landing jobs near all-time low". The Japan Times. May 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ C.Michael Hogan. 2010. Extremophile. eds. E.Monosson and C.Cleveland. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington DC

References


Coordinates: 33°N 131°E / 33°N 131°E / 33; 131


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Kyushu
 



 



 
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