Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
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Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship

Województwo kujawsko-pomorskie
Flag of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Flag
Coat of arms of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Coat of arms
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Division into counties
Division into counties
Country Poland
SeatsBydgoszcz (governor),
Toru? (assembly)
Counties
Government
 o VoivodeMiko?aj Bogdanowicz (PiS)
 o MarshalPiotr Ca?becki (PO)
Area
 o Total17,969 km2 (6,938 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 o Total2,098,370
 o Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
 o Urban
1,280,006
 o Rural
818,364
ISO 3166 codePL-04
Vehicle registrationC
HDI (2017)0.845[1]
very high · 8th
Websitehttp://www.kujawsko-pomorskie.pl
  • further divided into 144 gminas

Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, also known as Cuiavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship or simply Kujawsko-Pomorskie,[2] or Kujawy-Pomerania Province[3] (Polish: województwo kujawsko-pomorskie [v?j?'vut?stf? ku'jafsk? p?'m?rsk]), is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is divided. It was created on 1 January 1999 and is situated in mid-northern Poland, on the boundary between the two historic regions from which it takes its name: Kuyavia (Polish: Kujawy) and Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze). Its two chief cities, serving as the province's joint capitals, are Bydgoszcz and Toru?.

History

The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It consisted of territory from the former Bydgoszcz, Toru? and W?oc?awek Voivodeships.

The area now known as Kuyavia-Pomerania was previously divided between the region of Kuyavia and the Polish fiefdom of Royal Prussia. Of the two principal cities of today's Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodeship, one (Bydgoszcz) was historically located in Kuyavia, whilst the other (Toru?) was an important town of Royal Prussia.

Administration and territory

Bydgoszcz is the Voivodeship's largest city and the seat of its Governor (Voivode)

The functions of regional capital are split between Bydgoszcz and Toru?. Bydgoszcz serves as the seat of the centrally appointed governor or voivode (Polish: wojewoda), while Toru? is the seat of the elected Regional Assembly (sejmik), and of the executive elected by that assembly, headed by the voivodeship marshal (marsza?ek województwa).

The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship is bordered by five other voivodeships. These are Pomeranian Voivodeship to the north, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the north-east, Masovian Voivodeship to the east, ?ód? Voivodeship across a short boundary to the south, and Greater Poland Voivodeship to the south and west.

Cities and towns

The medieval city of Toru?, birthplace of Nicholas Copernicus, is today the seat of the provincial assembly
The medieval city of Grudzi?dz, with its intact granaries along the Vistula River
W?oc?awek Cathedral, an example of Polish Gothic architecture
Inowroc?aw is famous for its large salt spa and resort centre
Brodnica - market square

The voivodeship contains 52 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2006[4] ):

  1. Bydgoszcz (364,953)
  2. Toru? (207,381)
  3. W?oc?awek (119,608)
  4. Grudzi?dz (99,299)
  5. Inowroc?aw (77,095)
  6. Brodnica (27,624)
  7. ?wiecie (25,614)
  8. Che?mno (20,388)
  9. Nak?o nad Noteci? (19,409)
  10. Rypin (16,565)
  11. Che?m?a (15,273)
  12. Solec Kujawski (15,060)
  13. Lipno (14,834)
  14. ?nin (14,052)
  15. Tuchola (13,935)
  16. W?brze?no (13,796)
  17. Golub-Dobrzy? (13,006)
  18. Mogilno (12,359)
  19. Aleksandrów Kujawski (12,359)
  20. Ciechocinek (10,855)
  21. Koronowo (10,784)
  22. Kruszwica (9,373)
  23. Szubin (9,326)
  24. S?pólno Kraje?skie (9,258)
  25. Janikowo (9,111)
  26. Barcin (7,810)
  27. Gniewkowo (7,254)
  28. Nowe (6,252)
  29. Strzelno (6,054)
  30. Pako (5,789)
  31. Wi?cbork (5,788)
  32. Radziejów (5,756)
  33. Kcynia (4,679)
  34. Brze Kujawski (4,522)
  35. Piotrków Kujawski (4,509)
  36. ?abiszyn (4,473)
  37. Mrocza (4,203)
  38. Janowiec Wielkopolski (4,114)
  39. Kowalewo Pomorskie (4,055)
  40. Jab?onowo Pomorskie (3,658)
  41. Kowal (3,484)
  42. Sk?pe (3,442)
  43. ?asin (3,276)
  44. Lubraniec (3,207)
  45. Izbica Kujawska (2,783)
  46. Dobrzy? nad Wis (2,269)
  47. Kamie? Kraje?ski (2,251)
  48. Nieszawa (2,012)
  49. Chodecz (1,936)
  50. Radzy? Che?mi?ski (1,915)
  51. Górzno (1,362)
  52. Lubie? Kujawski (1,299)

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 21.8 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 4.4% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 17,300 euros or 57% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 64% of the EU average.[5]

Transportation

Transportation infrastructure is of critical importance to the voivodeship's economy. Kuyavia-Pomerania is a major node in the Polish transportation system. Railway lines from the South and East pass through Bydgoszcz to connect to the major ports on the Baltic Sea. In addition to this, Bydgoszcz is home to the rolling stock manufacturer PESA SA, Poland's largest and most modern producer of railway and tram products. The province's sole international airport, Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport, is located in Bydgoszcz and has connections to a number of European destinations as well as Warsaw, which are all operated by either Irish carrier Ryanair or LOT Polish Airlines.

The main railway stations of the province are Bydgoszcz main station and Toru? main station; both stations are served by fast PKP Intercity trains which connect them with the capital Warsaw, as well as other major Polish cities. In addition to these fast express services, inter-regional trains are operated by the firm Przewozy Regionalne, whilst domestic rail transportation within the voivodeship is provided by Arriva RP, a private firm to which the provincial government subcontracted the provision of rail transport.

All major towns of the province have municipal transportation companies operating buses, whilst Bydgoszcz, Toru? and Grudzi?dz also have extensive tram systems.

Politics

The Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodeship's government is headed by the province's voivode (governor) who is appointed by the Polish Prime Minister. The voivode is then assisted in performing his duties by the voivodeship's marshal, who is the appointed speaker for the voivodeship's executive and is elected by the sejmik (provincial assembly). The current voivode of Kuyavia-Pomerania is Ewa Monika Mes, and the present marshal is Piotr Ca?becki.

The Sejmik of Kuyavia-Pomerania consists of 33 members.

Kuyavian-Pomeranian Regional Assembly elections on 21 November 2010[6]
Party Votes % Total seats held
Civic Platform (PO) 218,004 33.81 16
Law and Justice (PiS) 114,557 17.77 6
Democratic Left Alliance (SLD) 111,885 17.35 6
Polish People's Party (PSL) 93,445 14.49 5
Others 106,877 16.58 0
Total 644,768 100.00 33
  • Votes counted: 741,828
  • Valid votes: 644,768
  • Turnout: 44.96%

Governors

Name Period
Józef Rogacki 1 January 1999 - 21 October 2001
Romuald Kosieniak 21 October 2001 - 26 January 2006
Józef Ramlau 26 January 2006 - 24 July 2006
Marzenna Drab (acting) 24 July 2006 - 7 November 2006
Zbigniew Hoffmann 7 November 2006 - 29 November 2007
Rafa? Bruski 29 November 2007 - 13 December 2010
Ewa Mes 14 December 2010 - present

Administrative division

The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 23 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 19 land counties. These are further divided into 144 gminas.

The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).

English and
Polish names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2007)[7]
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Bydgoszcz 175 361,222 1
Toru? 116 206,619 1
W?oc?awek 84 118,432 1
Grudzi?dz 58 99,090 1
Land counties
Inowroc?aw County
powiat inowroc?awski
1,225 164,571 Inowroc?aw Kruszwica, Janikowo, Gniewkowo, Pako 9
Bydgoszcz County
powiat bydgoski
1,395 99,386 Bydgoszcz * Solec Kujawski, Koronowo 8
?wiecie County
powiat ?wiecki
1,473 97,037 ?wiecie Nowe 11
Toru? County
powiat toru?ski
1,230 91,963 Toru? * Che?m?a 9
W?oc?awek County
powiat w?oc?awski
1,472 85,303 W?oc?awek * Brze Kujawski, Kowal, Lubraniec, Izbica Kujawska, Chodecz, Lubie? Kujawski 13
Nak?o County
powiat nakielski
1,120 85,050 Nak?o nad Noteci? Szubin, Kcynia, Mrocza 5
Brodnica County
powiat brodnicki
1,039 75,204 Brodnica Jab?onowo Pomorskie, Górzno 10
?nin County
powiat ?ni?ski
985 69,736 ?nin Barcin, ?abiszyn, Janowiec Wielkopolski 6
Lipno County
powiat lipnowski
1,016 66,063 Lipno Sk?pe, Dobrzy? nad Wis 9
Aleksandrów County
powiat aleksandrowski
476 55,367 Aleksandrów Kujawski Ciechocinek, Nieszawa 9
Che?mno County
powiat che?mi?ski
528 51,412 Che?mno 7
Tuchola County
powiat tucholski
1,075 47,310 Tuchola 6
Mogilno County
powiat mogile?ski
676 46,833 Mogilno Strzelno 4
Golub-Dobrzy? County
powiat golubsko-dobrzy?ski
613 45,111 Golub-Dobrzy? Kowalewo Pomorskie 6
Rypin County
powiat rypi?ski
587 44,143 Rypin 6
Radziejów County
powiat radziejowski
607 41,972 Radziejów Piotrków Kujawski 7
S?pólno County
powiat s?pole?ski
791 40,990 S?pólno Kraje?skie Wi?cbork, Kamie? Kraje?ski 4
Grudzi?dz County
powiat grudzi?dzki
728 38,559 Grudzi?dz * ?asin, Radzy? Che?mi?ski 6
W?brze?no County
powiat w?brzeski
501 34,763 W?brze?no 5
* seat not part of the county

Protected areas

Protected areas in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship include the nine Landscape Parks listed below.

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved .
  2. ^ "Kujawsko-Pomorskie invites you!". Urz?d Marsza?kowski Województwa Kujawsko-Pomorskiego. 2007. Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ Arkadiusz Belczyk, T?umaczenie polskich nazw geograficznych na j?zyk angielski Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine [Translation of Polish Geographical Names into English], 2002-2006.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. ^ "Kuyavian-Pomeranian Regional Assembly elections". State Electoral Commission. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Population size and structure by territorial division as of December 31, 2007", GUS, Warsaw 2008, .pdf Archived 2008-09-20 at the Wayback Machine

External links

Coordinates: 53°04?42?N 18°29?37?E / 53.07833°N 18.49361°E / 53.07833; 18.49361


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