Kupa
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Kupa
Kupa / Kolpa
Kolpa-Prelesje.JPG
Kolpa at Prelesje (Slovenia)
Location
CountryCroatia, Slovenia
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationRazloge, Gorski kotar, Croatia
 ⁃ elevation313 metres (1,027 ft) [1]
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Sava, Sisak, Croatia
 ⁃ coordinates
45°27?36?N 16°24?08?E / 45.46000°N 16.40222°E / 45.46000; 16.40222Coordinates: 45°27?36?N 16°24?08?E / 45.46000°N 16.40222°E / 45.46000; 16.40222
Length297.4 km (185 mi) [2][3]
Basin size10,226 km2 (3,948 sq mi) [2]
Discharge 
 ⁃ average283 m3/s (10,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionSava-> Danube-> Black Sea

The Kupa (Croatian pronunciation: [kûpa]) or Kolpa (Slovene pronunciation: ['kó:lpa] or ['kó:wpa]; from Latin: Colapis in Roman times) river, a right tributary of the Sava, forms a natural border between north-west Croatia and southeast Slovenia. It is 297 kilometres (185 miles) long,[2] with its border part having a length of 118 km (73 mi)[1] and the rest located in Croatia.[4]

The name "Colapis" is supposed to come from Proto-Indo-European words *kwol and *h2ep, so that it means "water with meanders".[5][unreliable source?]

Kupa River in ?i?inec

Course

In its upper course, the Kupa flows through the Dinaric Alps until exiting from Ko?evski Rog and Ogulinsko zagorje.
In its lower course, the Kupa meanders through the plains of the Pannonian Basin.

The Kupa originates in Croatia in the mountainous region of Gorski Kotar, northeast of Rijeka, in the area of Risnjak National Park. It flows a few kilometers eastwards, receives the small ?abranka River from the left, before reaching the Slovenian border.

It then continues eastwards between the White Carniola region in the north and Central Croatia in the south. The Kupa receives influx from the river Lahinja from the left in Primostek, passes Vrbovsko, and eventually detaches from the Slovenian border having passed Metlika.

It then reaches the city of Karlovac, where it receives influx from two other rivers from the right, Dobra and Korana (which in turn is joined by Mre?nica). The Kupa continues flowing to the east, where it merges with Glina from the right as well as Odra from the left, it then passes through two small towns called ?i?inec and Brki?evina, and then proceeds to the town of Sisak where it flows into the Sava River.

Pollution

Fairly unpolluted downstream to Karlovac, the upper Kupa is a popular place for bathing in summer. The section from Stari Trg down to Fu?kovci since 2006 is part of the Slovenian Krajinski park Kolpa nature reserve.

The hydrological parameters of the Kupa are regularly monitored at Radenci, Kamanje, Karlovac and Jamni?ka Kiselica.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b c "Sava River Basin Analysis Report" (PDF, 9.98 MB). International Sava River Basin Commission. September 2009. p. 13. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Ostro?ki, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statisti?ki ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 49. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ Surface streams and water balance of Slovenia, Ministry of the Environment and Spacial Planning
  5. ^ http://linguistforum.com/outside-of-the-box/croatian-toponyms/
  6. ^ "Daily hydrological report". Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved .

External links



  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Kupa
 



 



 
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