Krynica Morska
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Krynica Morska
Krynica Morska
Krynica Morska, al. Przyja?ni (HB4).jpg
Coat of arms of Krynica Morska
Coat of arms
Krynica Morska is located in Poland
Krynica Morska
Krynica Morska
Coordinates: 54°22?57?N 19°26?40?E / 54.38250°N 19.44444°E / 54.38250; 19.44444
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPomeranian
CountyNowy Dwór Gda?ski
GminaKrynica Morska (urban gmina)
Established15th century
Town rights1991
Government
 o MayorAdam Ostrowski
Area
 o Total102.04 km2 (39.40 sq mi)
Population
(2006)
 o Total1,371
 o Density13/km2 (35/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
82-120
Area code(s)+48 55
Car platesGND
ClimateCfb
Websitehttp://www.krynicamorska.pl

Krynica Morska [kr?'?it?sa 'm?rska] (German: Kahlberg) is a town and coextensive municipality (gmina) on the Vistula Spit in northern Poland with 1,364 inhabitants (2006). It has been a part of Nowy Dwór Gda?ski County in Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999; previously it was in Elbl?g Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Overview

Lighthouse in Krynica Morska

Before 1793 the area was part of the Kingdom of Poland; from 1793-1945 Prussia (within Germany from 1871). The village was known as Kahlberg during that time. It was administered by the city of Gda?sk until 1842, and afterwards by the city of Elbl?g.

The settlement was first mentioned in 1424, and became a summer resort around 1840. When it came back under Polish rule after the Second World War, it was given the name ?ysica (the Polish root ?ys- corresponding to the German kahl, meaning "bald"). In 1958 it was renamed Krynica Morska (Krynica is an obsolete, poetic term for "spring"; Morska meaning "of the sea", i.e., "sea spring" or "seaside spring") as opposition to the other famous Polish resort of Krynica.

In 1991 three former villages, Krynica Morska, Nowa Karczma, and Przebrno of Gmina Sztutowo were united into a new gmina, Krynica Morska, which simultaneously was assigned the town status.[1]

Krynica Morska is the main tourist destination on the Vistula Spit. The administrative area of the town extends along most of the Polish part of the spit, up to the Russian border, also including a number of other localities such as Przebrno and Piaski (the latter being about 4 kilometres (2 miles) from the border, which is not crossable at present).

It has the smallest population of any urban commune (gmina) in Poland. Because of the inclusion of mainly rural areas of the spit within its boundaries, it has the lowest population density of any town (miasto) in Poland, with 11.74 persons/km².

The Lighthouse in Krynica Morska was originally built in 1895. It was destroyed in 1945 after being mined by retreating German forces. A new lighthouse, now open to visitors, was built in 1951. Adjacent to it is a small cemetery with a monument to the Soviet soldiers killed in the explosion that destroyed the original building.

Gallery

Coordinates: 54°23?N 19°27?E / 54.383°N 19.450°E / 54.383; 19.450

References

  1. ^ "Internetowy System Aktów Prawnych". Isap.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved .

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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