Krka (Croatia)
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Krka Croatia
Krka
Krka Croatia.jpg
Location
CountryCroatia
Physical characteristics
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Adriatic Sea
 ⁃ coordinates
43°43?11?N 15°51?09?E / 43.7198°N 15.8526°E / 43.7198; 15.8526Coordinates: 43°43?11?N 15°51?09?E / 43.7198°N 15.8526°E / 43.7198; 15.8526
Length73 km (45 mi)[1]
Basin size2,088 km2 (806 sq mi)[1]
Krka River 30 March 2016
Krka River 30 March 2016
Krka River prior to "Ro?ki Slap" waterfall

Krka (pronounced [kr?ka]) is a river in Croatia's Dalmatia region, known for its numerous waterfalls. It is 73 km (45 mi) long and its basin covers an area of 2,088 km2 (806 sq mi).[1] It may be the river called Catarbates (literally "steeply falling")[2] by the ancient Greeks, it was known to the ancient Romans as Titius, Corcoras, or Korkoras.

Course

The river has its source near the border of Croatia with Bosnia and Herzegovina, at the foot of the Dinara mountain. After meandering through the Kr?i? canyon, it enters the karst valley of Knin through the Kr?i? waterfall of 25 m (82 ft). At the foot of the second, called the Topoljski waterfall, of these is a spring in a cave with 150 m (490 ft) of passage.[3] The river then flows through the valley, where it is fed by the Kosov?ica on the left and the Ora?nica and the Buti?nica on the right, passing the Fortress of Knin between the last two on the way, and into the main canyon.

What follows belongs to the Krka National Park. The first waterfall there is the 6 m (20 ft) high Bilu?i?a waterfall, which is followed by twice its height in cascades. They lead to the Brljansko lake with a waterfall in its middle, of nearly equal height. At the end of the second half of the lake begin the Manojlova?ki waterfalls a series of waterfalls and cascades with a total elevation of 60 m (200 ft), half of which is from the last one. Here, on the right bank, lie the Roman ruins of Burnum. At the far end of the canyon are the ruins of the medieval castles of Ne?ven on the left and Tro?enj opposite it. Beyond it is the Serbian Orthodox Krka monastery. Further down, an extensive cascade system ends in the 20 m (66 ft) high Ro?ki waterfall. Still further, the river forms the 7 km (4.3 mi) Visova?ko lake, with the Franciscan order Visovac Monastery on the island in the middle of the lake. The lake ends at the confluence of the Krka and its largest tributary, the ?ikola. At that point, they form the Skradinski waterfalls, a long series with a total height of 45 m (148 ft).

From this point on, the river is navigable from the sea. The river flows past the town of Skradin on the right, flowing into the 5 km (3.1 mi) wide Prokljansko lake, into which the Gudu?a river flows on the right. After that, the river empties into the 10 km (6.2 mi) long Bay of ?ibenik, which is connected to the Adriatic Sea by the Canal of St. Anthony, at the Fortress of St. Nicholas.[4]

Development

This area is also the location of the first hydroelectric power station using alternate current in Croatia, the Jaruga Hydroelectric Power Plant. This plant started supplying power to the nearby city of ?ibenik in 1895.

Pollution

Parts of the Krka river were heavily mined during the Yugoslav Wars. As of 2016, many fields bordering the canyon between Visova?ko lake and Prokljansko lake on the right bank, and between Ne?ven and Visova?ko lake on the left bank, have yet to be demined. Tourist areas and paved roads are no longer affected.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2017 (PDF) (in Croatian and English). Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2017. p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Wilkes, J. The Illyrians. Blackwell, 1992. 101.
  3. ^ Bo?i?evi?, Sre?ko (2015). "?pilja Izvor Krke". sv-mihovil.hr. Hrvatski planinarski klub Sveti Mihovil. Archived from the original on 27 March 2016. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "Prirodna ba?tina". npkrka.hr. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "MIS Portal". hcr.hr. Hrvatski centar za razminiranje. Retrieved 2017.

Literature

  • Don Krsto Sto?i?, Rijeka Krka sa 54 slike, Tisak Pu?ke tiskare u ?ibeniku, ?ibenik Croatia 1927

External links

Media related to Krka, Croatia at Wikimedia Commons



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Krka_(Croatia)
 



 



 
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