Korporal (en: Corporal; fr: Caporal; from corpus, corporis [lat]) is in a number of armed forces the lowest rank of the non-commissioned officers group (NCO group). However, according to the NATO-Rang it might be equivalent to Hauptgefreiter / Stabsgefreiter of the German Bundeswehr. In Switzerland the rank will be used in the Fire department as well.
In former German armed forces, the designation of the lowest NCO rank was "Corporal".
|Rank insignia||Austrian Bundesheer|
|Army / Air Force||Korporal|
Korporal (Kpl) is a rank of the enlisted men rank group (EN group) in the Austrian Bundesheer, and is equivalent to NATO-Rang code OR-3. In the k.u.k Army it still counted to the NCO rank group and was allowed to wear the yellow-black port epée.
Today and in the comparison to the German Bundeswehr it is equivalent to the EN-rank "Hauptgefreiter/ Stabsgefreiter ". In peacetime the Korporal might be tasked to command a small sub unit, e.g. a fileteam (de: Trupp, 2 to 8 men) or a squad (de: Gruppe, 8-13 men).
During United Nations missions and in NATO Partnership for Peace the rank Korporal will be designated in English with Corporal (Cpl) and is equivalent to NATO-Rang code OR-3.
Korporal (Hungarian: Tizedes) was also a military rank of the k.u.k. Austro-Hungarian Army (1867-1918). Rank insignia where two white celluloid-star on the stand-up collar of the so-called Waffenrock (en: uniform jacket) on gorget patch (de: Paroli). Stand-up collar and background of the gorget patch showed a particular egalisation colour. This rank was corresponding to the ranks of enlisted men as follows:
|Rank insignia||Swiss army|
|Rank group||NCOs (de: Unteroffiziere)|
|Army / Air Force||Korporal|
Until the so-called Army reform XXI (with effect from January 1, 2004) the regular Korporal appointment was to squad leader (de: Gruppenführer, 8-13 men). However, in 2014 this appointment was upgraded to Wachtmeister (OR-5). The Korporal rank was converted to military specialist without any command function.
Korporal is also a rank designation in the "Switzerland armed forces postal system", and in CBRN Defence.
In United Nations missions and in NATO Partnership for Peace the rank Korporal will be designated in English with Corporal (Cpl).
In the Netherlands the promotion to "Korporaal" is possible after a longer service time in the enlisted men rank group. There are two corporal ranks:
In the Pontifical Swiss Guard there are two corporal ranks:
In the Polish armed forces there are the two Kortporal OR4-rank :
In Prussia the "Corporal" commanded an up to 30 men strong so-called Korporalschaft (en: Corporal-ship). The rank sequence was as follows:
In 1856 the designation Corporal was changed to Unteroffizier. Until 1807 the (aristocrat) officer aspirants were called Freikorporal (en: Freecorporal).
Below there are shown some examples, which might be explain by the wording Corporal
Korporal, OR-4, Army
Caporal Brigadier, OR-3, Ground forces
Caporal, OR-4, Army
Kapr?lis, OR-4, Army
Korporaal, OR-3, Army
Kapral Army special forces
Corporal, OR-4, Army
Çavu? of the Turkish Army
Corporal of the US Army