Kokusai Ki-76
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Kokusai Ki-76
Ki-76
Kokusai Ki-76.jpg
Role Liaison/observation
Manufacturer Kokusai
First flight 1941
Introduction 1942
Retired 1945
Primary user IJA Air Force
937 including a single prototype

The Kokusai Ki-76, or Liaison Aircraft Type 3 (in Japanese: ?), was a Japanese high-wing monoplane artillery spotter and liaison aircraft that served in World War II. The Allied reporting name was "Stella".

Design and development

In 1940, the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force ordered the Nippon Kokusai Koku Kogyo to produce an artillery spotting and liaison aircraft. The resulting Ki-76 was inspired by, and similar to, the German Fieseler Fi 156 "Storch", although not a direct copy.[1] Like the Storch, it was a high-winged monoplane with a fixed tailwheel undercarriage. However, rather than the slotted flaps used by the German aircraft, the Ki-76 used Fowler flaps, while it was powered by Hitachi Ha-42 radial engine rather than the Argus As 10 inline engine of the Storch.

First flying in May 1941, the Ki-76 proved successful when evaluated against an example of the Fi-156, and was ordered into production as the Army Type 3 Command Liaison Plane in November 1942.[2]

Operational history

Ki-76 on the Akitsu Maru

The Ki-76 remained in service as an artillery spotter and liaison aircraft until the end of the war. Ki-76s were also used as anti-submarine aircraft, operating from the Japanese Army's escort carrier, the Akitsu Maru, being fitted with an arrestor hook and carrying two 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges.[3]

Operators

 Japan
 Thailand

Specifications (Ki-76)

Ki-76 Stella three-view

Data from Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft[4], Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 9.65 m (31 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 15 m (49 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 29.4 m2 (316 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,110 kg (2,447 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,530 kg (3,373 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,623 kg (3,578 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Hitachi Ha42 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 231 kW (310 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 178 km/h (111 mph, 96 kn) at sea level
  • Range: 750 km (470 mi, 400 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 5,630 m (18,470 ft)

Armament

  • Guns: 1× 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine gun in rear cockpit
  • Bombs: 2× 60 kg (132 lb) depth charges (some variants)

See also

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Related lists

References

  1. ^ Francillon 1979, p. 147.
  2. ^ Francillon 1979, p. 148.
  3. ^ Francillon 1979, pp. 148-149.
  4. ^ Jackson 2002
  5. ^ Francillon 1979, p. 149

further reading

  • Francillon, Ph.D., René J. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam & Company Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-370-30251-6.
  • Jackson, Robert, The Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, Parragon, 2002. ISBN 0-7525-8130-9.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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