Kislovodsk
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Kislovodsk

Kislovodsk

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Panoramic view of Kislovodsk from Mount Koltso-gora
Panoramic view of Kislovodsk from Mount Koltso-gora
Flag of Kislovodsk
Flag
Coat of arms of Kislovodsk
Coat of arms
Location of Kislovodsk
Kislovodsk is located in Russia
Kislovodsk
Kislovodsk
Location of Kislovodsk
Kislovodsk is located in Stavropol Krai
Kislovodsk
Kislovodsk
Kislovodsk (Stavropol Krai)
Coordinates: 43°55?N 42°43?E / 43.917°N 42.717°E / 43.917; 42.717Coordinates: 43°55?N 42°43?E / 43.917°N 42.717°E / 43.917; 42.717
CountryRussia
Federal subjectStavropol Krai[1]
Founded1803[2]
City status since1903
Government
 o BodyCouncil of Deputies
 o HeadAleksandr Kurbatov
Area
 o Total72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Elevation815 m (2,674 ft)
Population
 o Total128,553
 o Estimate 
(2018)[6]
129,593 (+0.8%)
 o Rank128th in 2010
 o Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
 o Subordinated tocity of krai significance of Kislovodsk[1]
 o Capital ofcity of krai significance of Kislovodsk[1]
 o Urban okrugKislovodsk Urban Okrug[7]
 o Capital ofKislovodsk Urban Okrug[7]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
357700
Dialing code(s)+7 87937
OKTMO ID07715000001
City Daylast Saturday in May
Twin townsBatumi, Aix-les-Bains, Kiryat Yam, AstrakhanEdit this on Wikidata
Websitekislovodsk-kurort.org

Kislovodsk (Russian: , lit. sour waters) (Adyghe: ) is a spa city in Stavropol Krai, Russia, in the North Caucasus region of Russia which is located between the Black and Caspian Seas. Population: ;[5];[10].[11]

History

In 1803 Tsar Alexander I of Russia ordered the construction of the military station which became Kislovodsk.[] The site took its name from the many mineral springs around the city. The settlement gained town status in 1903.[]

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Kislovodsk as a fashionable spa attracted many musicians, artists, and members of the Russian aristocracy. Several of the events in Mikhail Lermontov's 1840 novel A Hero of Our Time take place in Kislovodsk.

Archaeology

Numerous ancient settlements of the Koban culture (ca. 1100 to 400 BC) are found in the Kislovodsk city and its surroundings.[12] They include the sites of Industria I, Sultan-gora I, Berezovka I, Berezovka II, Berezovka III, Berezovka IV, etc.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated as the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk is incorporated as Kislovodsk Urban Okrug.[7]

Notable people

The most famous native of Kislovodsk was Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008). A museum is planned in the house he was born in. It is set to undergo renovations in 2011 in preparation. Nikolai Yaroshenko's (1846-1898) memorial house is open to the public.

Mother Thekla (Marina Sharfe) was born in Kislovodsk in 1918. She was abbess of the Monastery of the Assumption at Normanby near Whitby in North Yorkshire, England.

The notable Ukrainian historian Mykhailo Hrushevskyi (1866-1934) died when on exile to Kislovodsk in 1934, under circumstances which remain mysterious and controversial.

Twin towns and sister cities

Kislovodsk is twinned with:

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #63-p
  2. ^ 210 Archived July 1, 2013, at Archive.today
  3. ^ ? ? ?. " ? ? ? ? ? 2010 ?" (PDF).[permanent dead link], p. 53 (1.2 MB) (in Russian)
  4. ^ https://www.geonames.org/548114/kislovodsk.html.
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ a b c Law #88-kz
  8. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ Sabine REINHOLD, Dmitri S. KOROBOV, The Kislovodsk basin in the North Caucasian piedmonts - archaeology and GIS studies in a mountain cultural landscape. 2007
  13. ^ "Batumi - Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi City Hall. Archived from the original on May 4, 2012. Retrieved 2013.

Sources

  • ? ?. ? No63-?  4 2006 ?. « ? - ?», ? . ? No75-?  5 2015 ?. «? ?  47 ? II ? - ?, ? ? 04  2006 ?. No63-?». ? ? ? ? 4  2006 ?.. : "? ? ? ?", No17, . 5609, 10 ? 2006 ?. (Government of Stavropol Krai. Resolution #63-p of May 4, 2006 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Resolution #75-p of March 5, 2015 On Amending Item 47 of Section II of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Stavropol Krai Adopted by Resolution #63-p of the Government of Stavropol Krai of May 4, 2006. Effective as of May 4, 2006.).
  • ? ?.  No88-  4 ? 2004 ?. «? ? ? ?, , ? , », ? . No51-  28 2015 ?. «? ? , ? ? ? (? ? ?), ? ? ? ?». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", No216, 6 ? 2004 ?. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. Law #88-kz of October 4, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District to the Municipal Formations of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #51-kz of May 28, 2015 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formations Within Mineralovodsky Municipal District of Stavropol Krai (Mineralovodskoye Territorial Municipal Formation of Stavropol Krai), and on the Organization of the Local Self-Government on the Territory of Mineralovodsky District of Stavropol Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links


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Kislovodsk
 



 



 
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