Panoramic view of Kislovodsk from Mount Koltso-gora
|Federal subject||Stavropol Krai|
|City status since||1903|
|o Body||Council of Deputies|
|o Head||Aleksandr Kurbatov|
|o Total||72 km2 (28 sq mi)|
|Elevation||815 m (2,674 ft)|
| o Estimate |
|o Rank||128th in 2010|
|o Density||1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)|
|o Subordinated to||city of krai significance of Kislovodsk|
|o Capital of||city of krai significance of Kislovodsk|
|o Urban okrug||Kislovodsk Urban Okrug|
|o Capital of||Kislovodsk Urban Okrug|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 87937|
|City Day||last Saturday in May|
|Twin towns||Batumi, Aix-les-Bains, Kiryat Yam, Astrakhan|
Kislovodsk (Russian: , lit. sour waters) (Adyghe: ) is a spa city in Stavropol Krai, Russia, in the North Caucasus region of Russia which is located between the Black and Caspian Seas. Population: ;;.
In 1803 Tsar Alexander I of Russia ordered the construction of the military station which became Kislovodsk. The site took its name from the many mineral springs around the city. The settlement gained town status in 1903.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Kislovodsk as a fashionable spa attracted many musicians, artists, and members of the Russian aristocracy. Several of the events in Mikhail Lermontov's 1840 novel A Hero of Our Time take place in Kislovodsk.
The 19th-century building of narzan baths
Numerous ancient settlements of the Koban culture (ca. 1100 to 400 BC) are found in the Kislovodsk city and its surroundings. They include the sites of Industria I, Sultan-gora I, Berezovka I, Berezovka II, Berezovka III, Berezovka IV, etc.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated as the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk is incorporated as Kislovodsk Urban Okrug.
The most famous native of Kislovodsk was Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008). A museum is planned in the house he was born in. It is set to undergo renovations in 2011 in preparation. Nikolai Yaroshenko's (1846-1898) memorial house is open to the public.
Mother Thekla (Marina Sharfe) was born in Kislovodsk in 1918. She was abbess of the Monastery of the Assumption at Normanby near Whitby in North Yorkshire, England.
The notable Ukrainian historian Mykhailo Hrushevskyi (1866-1934) died when on exile to Kislovodsk in 1934, under circumstances which remain mysterious and controversial.
Kislovodsk is twinned with: