King of Saudi Arabia
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King of Saudi Arabia

King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
? ?
Royal Standard of Saudi Arabia.svg
Rodrigo Duterte meets with Salman of Saudi Arabia (2017-04-11) (cropped).jpg
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

since 23 January 2015
StyleCustodian of the Two Holy Mosques (Formal)
His Majesty (Diplomatic relations)
Heir apparentMohammad bin Salman
First monarchIbn Saud
Formation22 September 1932
ResidenceAl-Yamamah Palace
Emblem of Saudi Arabia.svg

politics and government of
Saudi Arabia

Arab League Member State of the Arab League

Basic Law
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia portal

The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabia's absolute monarch who serves as head of state and head of government. He is the head of the Saudi royal family, the House of Saud. The King is called the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques (? ? ), a title that signifies Saudi Arabia's jurisdiction over the mosques of Masjid al Haram in Mecca and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, replacing His Majesty in 1986.


King Abdulaziz (known in the West as Ibn Saud) began conquering today's Saudi Arabia in 1902, by restoring his family as emirs of Riyadh. He then proceeded to conquer first the Nejd (1922) and then the Hejaz (1925).

Ibn Saud proclaimed his dominions as the Sultanate of Nejd in 1921, shortly before completing the conquest of the region. He was proclaimed king/malik of Hejaz in 1926, and raised Nejd to a kingdom as well in 1927. For the next five years, Ibn Saud administered the two parts of his realm as separate units. In 1932, he formally united his territories into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


The kings since Ibn Saud's death have all been his sons, and all likely immediate successors to the reigning King Salman will be from among his progeny. Sons of Ibn Saud are considered to have primary claim on the throne of Saudi Arabia. This makes the Saudi monarchy quite distinct from Western monarchies, which usually feature large, clearly defined royal families and orders of succession, and use the absolute primogeniture system of succession. Muhammad bin Nayef was the first grandson of Ibn Saud to be in the line of succession before being deposed from the position of Crown Prince by a royal decree in 2017.

Legal position

Saudi Arabia is ruled by Islamic law (Sharia) and is an Islamic state.[1]

Other functions

The King of Saudi Arabia is also considered the Head of the House of Saud and Prime Minister. The Crown Prince is also the "Deputy Prime Minister". The kings after Faisal have named a "second Deputy Prime Minister" as the subsequent heir after the Crown Prince.

Royal Standard

The Royal Standard consists of a green flag, with an Arabic inscription and a sword featured in white, and with the national emblem embroidered in gold in the lower right canton.

Royal Standard of the King

The script on the flag is written in the Thuluth script. It is the shahada or Islamic declaration of faith:

? ? ?
l? ?il?ha ?ill?-ll?h, muhammadun ras?lu-ll?h
There is no other god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God.[2]

List of Kings of Saudi Arabia (1932-present)

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Ibn Saud
  • Abdulaziz
(1875-01-15)15 January 1875 -
9 November 1953(1953-11-09) (aged 78)
22 September 1932 (aged 57)9 November 1953Reign established by conquestSaudIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia
  • ?
(1902-01-12)12 January 1902 -
23 February 1969(1969-02-23) (aged 67)
9 November 1953 (aged 51)2 November 1964
Son of Ibn Saud and Wadhah bint Muhammad bin 'AqabSaudSaud of Saudi Arabia
  • ?
(1906-04-14)14 April 1906 -
25 March 1975(1975-03-25) (aged 68)
2 November 1964 (aged 58)25 March 1975
Son of Ibn Saud and Tarfa bint Abduallah bin Abdulateef al SheekhSaudFaisal of Saudi Arabia
  • ?
(1913-02-13)13 February 1913 -
13 June 1982(1982-06-13) (aged 69)
25 March 1975 (aged 62)13 June 1982Son of Ibn Saud and Al Jawhara bint Musaed bin JiluwiSaudKhalid of Saudi Arabia
16 March 1921 - 1 August 2005 (aged 84)13 June 1982 (aged 61)1 August 2005Son of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudFahd of Saudi Arabia
  • ?
(1924-08-01)1 August 1924 -
23 January 2015(2015-01-23) (aged 90)
1 August 2005 (aged 81)23 January 2015Son of Ibn Saud and Fahda bint Asi Al ShuraimSaudAbdullah of Saudi Arabia
(1935-12-31) 31 December 1935 (age 84)23 January 2015 (aged 79)IncumbentSon of Ibn Saud and Hussa bint Ahmed Al SudairiSaudSalman of Saudi Arabia

Current heirs-presumptive


Salman of Saudi ArabiaAbdullah of Saudi ArabiaFahd of Saudi ArabiaKhalid of Saudi ArabiaFaisal of Saudi ArabiaSaud of Saudi ArabiaIbn Saud of Saudi Arabia

See also


  1. ^ Rabasa, Angel (2004). The Muslim world after 9/11. Rand Corporation. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-8330-3712-1.
  2. ^ "About Saudi Arabia: Facts and figures". The Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, Washington D.C. Archived from the original on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 2012.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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