|Governorate of Russian Empire (1796-1919) and Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1919-1925)|
Kiev Governorate in 1812
|November 30 1796|
|June 6 1925|
|Political subdivisions||uyezds: 12|
|Today part of||Ukraine|
Kiev Governorate (Russian: ) was an administrative division of the Russian Empire from 1796 to 1919 and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1919 to 1925. It was formed as a governorate in the Right-bank Ukraine region following a division of the Kiev Viceroyalty into the Kiev and the Little Russia Governorates, with the administrative centre in Kiev. By the start of the 20th century it consisted of 12 uyezds, 12 cities, 111 miasteczkos and 7344 other settlements. After the October Revolution it became part of the administrative division of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1923 it was divided into several okrugs and on 6 June 1925 it was abolished by the Soviet administrative reforms.
The Kyiv Governorate on the right bank of Dnieper was officially established by Emperor Paul I's edict of November 30, 1796. However it was not until 1800 when there was appointed the first governor and the territory was governed by the Kyiv Viceroy Vasiliy Krasno-Milashevich (in 1796-1800).
Three existing Left-bank Ukraine viceroyalties were merged into one Little Russia Governorate centered on Chernigov, while the Kyiv Governorate was now comprised on Right-bank Ukraine. With Kyiv still a capital, the governorate included the right-bank parts of the former Kyiv Viceroyalty merged with territories of the former Kyiv and Brac?aw Voivodeships which were gained by the Russian Empire from the partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (the lands of the Polish Crown province). The edict took effect on August 29, 1797, bringing the total number of uyezds to twelve.
On January 22, 1832, the Kyiv Governorate, along with the Volhynia and the Podolia Governorates formed the Kyiv Governorate General, also known as the Southwestern Krai. At the time, Vasily Levashov was appointed the Military Governor of Kyiv as well as the General Governor of Podolia and Volhynia. In 1845, the population of the Governorate was 1,704,661.
At the turn of the 20th century, the governorate included twelve uyezds named by their centers: Berdychiv, Cherkasy, Chyhyryn, Kaniv, Kyiv, Lipovets, Radomyshl, Skvyra, Tarashcha, Uman, Vasylkiv and Zvenyhorodka.
By the 1897 Russian Census, there were 3,559,229 people in the guberniya making it the most populous one in the whole Russian Empire. Most of population was rural. There were 459,253 people living in cities, including about 248,000 in Kyiv. According to the mother tongue, the census classified the respondents as follows: 2,819,145 Little Russians (the Russian government term for Ukrainians) representing 79.2% of the population, 430,489 Jews representing 12.1% of the population, 209,427 Great Russians (the Russian government's term for Russians) representing 5.9% of the population, and 68,791 Poles representing 1.9% of the population. By faith, 2,983,736 census respondents were Orthodox Christians, 433,728 were Jews and 106,733 were of the Roman Catholic Church.
Kyiv Governorate remained a constituent unit of the larger Governorate General with Kyiv being the capital of both well into the 20th century. In 1915, the General Governorate was disbanded while the guberniya continued to exist.
In the times after the Russian revolution in 1917-1921, the lands of Kiev Governorate switched hands many times. After the last Imperial governor, Alexey Ignatyev until March 6, 1917, the local leaders were appointed by competing authorities. At times, the Governorate Starosta (appointed by the Central Rada) and the Governorate Commissar (sometimes underground) both claimed the Governorate, while some of the short-lived ruling regimes of the territory did not establish any particular administrative subdivision.
As chaos gave way to stability in the early 1920s, the Soviet Ukrainian authority re-established the Governorate whose leading post was titled the Chairman of the Governorate's Revolutionary Committee (revkom) or of the Executive Committee (ispolkom).
as Governing Commissioners
as Governing Elders