Khowar written in the Arabic script
|Khowar alphabet (Arabic script)|
Khowar is a minor language of Pakistan which is mainly spoken in Chitral, it is given a space in this map.
Khowar is spoken by the Kho people in the whole of Chitral, as well as in the Gupis-Yasin and Ghizer districts of Gilgit, and in parts of Upper Swat (Mateltan Village). Speakers of Khowar have also migrated heavily to Pakistan's major urban centres with Peshawar, Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi, having significant populations. It is spoken as a second language in the rest of Gilgit region.
The native name of the language is Kh?-w?r, meaning "language" (w?r) of the Kho people. During the British Raj it was known to the English as Chitr?l? (a derived adjective from the name of the Chitral region) or Q?shq?r?. Among the Pathans and Badakshis it is known as Kashk?r. Another name, used by Leitner in 1880, is Arnyiá or Arniya, derived from the Shina language name for the part of the Yasin (a valley in Gilgit-Baltistan) where Khowar is spoken.
Morgenstierne noted that "Khowar, in many respects [is] the most archaic of all modern Indian languages, retaining a great part of Sanskrit case inflexion, and retaining many words in a nearly Sanskritic form.":3
Khowar may also have nasalized vowels and a series of long vowels /?:/, /?:/, /i:/, /?:/, and /u:/. Sources are inconsistent on whether length is phonemic, with one author stating "vowel-length is observed mainly as a substitute one. The vowel-length of phonological value is noted far more rarely." Unlike the neighboring and related Kalasha language, Khowar does not have retroflex vowels.
Allophones of /x ? h ? ?/ are heard as sounds [? ? ? w ?].
Since the early twentieth century Khowar has been written in the Khowar alphabet, which is based on the Urdu alphabet and uses the Nasta'liq script. Prior to that, the language was carried on through oral tradition. Today Urdu and English are the official languages and the only major literary usage of Khowar is in both poetry and prose composition. Khowar has also been occasionally written in a version of the Roman script called Roman Khowar since the 1960s.
|TV Channel||Genre||Founded||Official Website|
|Khyber News TV (? ? ? ?)||News and current affairs||http://www.khybernews.tv/|
|AVT Khyber TV ( ?)||Entertainment||http://www.avtkhyber.tv/|
|K2 TV ( )||Entertainment, news and current affairs||http://www.kay2.tv/|
|Zeal News ( ?)||News and Current Affairs||2016||http://www.khowar.zealnews.tv|
These are not dedicated Khowar channels but play most programmes in Khowar.
|Radio Channel||Genre||Founded||Official Website|
|Radio Pakistan Chitral FM93||Entertainment||http://www.radio.gov.pk/|
|Radio Pakistan Peshawar||Entertainment||http://www.radio.gov.pk/|
|Radio Pakistan Gilgit||Entertainment||http://www.radio.gov.pk/|
|Chitral Vision ( )||Karachi, Chitral, Pakistan||https://www.chitralvision.com|