|Kerala Police Department|
|Motto||? ? |
Mridhu Bhave Dhrida Kruthye
(Sanskrit for "Soft in Temperament, Firm in Action")
|Operations jurisdiction||Kerala, IN|
|Legal jurisdiction||State of Kerala|
|Governing body||Government of Kerala|
The Kerala State Police is the state police for the Indian state of Kerala, and is responsible for statewide law enforcement. The Kerala State Police was formed in 1956 after the taluk of Kasargod in the South Canara district of Madras Presidency, the Malabar district of Madras Presidency, and Travancore-Cochin, without four southern taluks (which joined Tamil Nadu), merged to form the state of Kerala under the States Reorganisation Act. Kerala Police has its headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital with Kerala Police Academy in Thrissur that runs full-term basic courses for sub-inspectors, Armed Police Constables, Women constables, Police Drivers and Telecommunication Police Constables. The head of the state police is the Director General of Police (DGP). The current D.G.P. is Lokanath Behera, IPS. The D.G.P. reports to the Chief Minister of Kerala, who is the chief executive of the state.
There is no authoritative record on the history of Police in ancient Kerala. The literary works of the Sangam period, namely Akamkrithikal, Pathittipattu and Chilppathikaram, depict the ancient policing system. The feudal system which existed in ancient Kerala gave way to a new structure under the Cheras, comprising Thara, Desomand Nadu ruled by Madampi, Desavazhi and Naduvazhi respectively. The semblance of a modern police force was created in the late 19th century in Travancore under the British rule. There was no unified geographical entity as 'Kerala' before 1956. The present Kerala Police Department was formed in the same year by re-organizing and merging of police forces in Travancore-Cochin States and the British Malabar State.
State police Chief is an IPS official with the rank of Director general of police. For the proper administration the Geographical area of state is bifurcated as South Zone and North Zone which is headed by Additional Director General of Police. Further, each zone is divided into two ranges viz Thiruvananthapuram Range & Ernakulam Range, Thrissur Range & Kannur Range respectively which is headed by an Inspector General of Police. There are two Police Commissionerates and 14 Police districts which are headed by District Police Chiefs, rank of Deputy Inspector General of Police / Superintendent of Police ranks as the case is. The Additional Director General of Police are in charge of a particular function like Administration Headquarters, Modernization, PCR, CBCID, Intelligence, Traffic and Training.
Police training is an important aspect in the administration of State police and it is headed by Addl. DGP (Training) and Director, Kerala Police Academy. The training of IPS officers after completion of their training at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad, probationary Dy.SPs, probationary SI is carried out by Police Training College, Thiruvananthapuram. Head Constables who are promoted to ASI/SI ranks are also trained in Police Training college. In addition, in-service/reorientation/ capsule courses are conducted for officers of and above the rank of SI in Police Training College. The constables induction training is given in the Armed Police Battalions for 9 months. The induction training of SIs in the Police Training College is one year. The IPS officer trainees on reporting to the State, they undergo training in Police Standing Orders, Special and Local Acts, Treasury Code, etc. at Police Training College, Thiruvananthapuram.
Kerala Police Academy (KEPA), Thrissur is headed by Director in the rank of Addl. Director. He is assisted by joint Director in the rank of DIG. The Academy will cater to the training needs of all officers of police department including IPS officers
Crime Branch Crime Investigation Department (CBCID) is the specialized investigation wing of Kerala Police which investigates cases that are entrusted to it by the State Police Chief or the Government or the High Court of Kerala. They investigate sensational crimes or complicated and serious offences which have statewide ramifications or undetected, which the local police are not able to investigate properly for want of time or skills. The Director General of Police Crimes heads the Crime Branch Investigation Department. The current D.G.P of Crime Branch is A.Hemachandran, IPS
CBCID consists of 3 major wings divided based on the category of cases reported.
Kerala Police has got ten battalions of armed police. "Armed Police" is a slightly confusing nomenclature that has continued for historical reasons. It does not mean that the district police are unarmed. Functionally, the armed police battalions serve as reserve force to be deployed whenever and wherever the district police fall short of manpower in the maintenance of law & order. When so deployed, they function under the control of the district police officers and are returned to their camps as soon as the requirement is over. Unlike district police, they are not permitted to undertake crime investigation work.
The ten battalions with a total strength of about 6,755 are located at different places in the state. They are:
The Hi-Tech Crime Enquiry Cell or cyber cell as it is often called, was created to prevent and detect serious and organized cybercrimes with assistance from other government agencies, the private sector, academic institutions, and foreign counterparts. Cyber Cell generally enquire into matters such as hacking of websites, online cheating, email hacking, Nigerian scams, phishing, source code theft, identity theft, child pornography, social media abuse, mobile phone abuse, loss/theft of mobile phone and a growing list of computer, Internet and mobile phone facilitated crimes.
Cyber Dome is a visionary initiative and Centre of Excellence for Kerala Police, to meet the long term security challenges in the modern world; this is first Public and private association in combating with emerging cyber threats. The law enforcement agency is located in Technopark, Thiruvananthapuram, under the constant guidance of Manoj Abraham IPS, he has been holding the Nodal officer position since its inception.
In 2016 the Kerala Police Cyberdome project won the "Innovative use of technology in cyber security" category in the SWI Innovation & Excellence Awards for Security & Policing
Chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan made an official announcement of the recognition at the 'Cyber Fest 2017' held in the state capital -Thiruvananthappuram on 19 September 2017 on Tuesday. The chief minister will also inaugurate the mobile app developed to create cyber awareness in children and the web application developed by Cyberdome for mobile phone shops and technicians at the function.
In the wake of online game threats, Kerala Police Cyberdome is set to launch a high-profile campaign among school going children using an Augmented Reality (AR) based app to catch the attention of children said Cyber Dome nodal officer IG Manoj Abraham IPS.
To protect against banking threats, Cyberdome - the technological research and development unit of state police - launched a WhatsApp group platform against digital robbery, the end of July 2017 with the support of Reserve Bank of India, the new initiative has gained national attention since it is proved to be an effective method to stop fraudulent online transactions, according to Cyberdome it is said In the initial ten days of its launch, online scams to the tune of Rs 2.34 lakh could be curbed, and in the first month, it touched Rs 23 lakh. According to Cyberdome nodal officer and Thiruvananthapuram range IG Manoj Abraham CyberDome already received enquiries from the police officials of Maharashtra and Rajasthan on how the Whatsapp platform worked. Officials of all district police cyber cells, cyber police station, Hitech Crime Enquiry Cell and Cyberdome are also members of the Whatsapp group. As soon as they get a complaint, it would be shared on the Whatsapp group so that officials of the concerned bank and trading platform will take immediate steps to block the attempt.
The head of Cyberdome Chief ADGP Manoj Abraham and team launched an operation with the aim of crackdown Child pornography through electronic media, the state Police cyber team arrested 21 persons and registered 25 cases after seizing several child pornography pictures and video clips. The operation started 31st of March and still continuing
State police chief Loknath Behera said that the raids were conducted using technical expertise of the state police team to identify the log details of those who are browsing and sharing child pornographic material.
Operation P-Hunt, was held at 45 locations across 12 districts and police seized laptops, mobile phones, computer hard disks and USB drives containing child pornographic video and pictures. Many of the pictures are suspected to be of local girls and this is being discreetly investigated. The raids, conducted under the direct supervision of district police chiefs, were assisted by shadow teams and a specially-trained cyber team.
The pornographic groups are found to be operating on Facebook, WhatsApp and particularly Telegram has strong encryption and offers greater anonymity were able to track and identify by the Cyber team, many such groups and 84 specific individuals, who were engaged in large-scale distribution of child porn on social media and other ways. Manoj Abraham adding that the raids will be a continual process until all the Child porn groups will be tracked and eradicated from the web and social media spaces. This crime entails an imprisonment term of up to five years and Rs 10 lakh fine.
Some of the innovative iniatives of Kerala Police include CCTNS (Criminal Crime Tracking Network System), 'Janamythri' community policing programme, Clean campus safe campus programme, Student police cadet, Cyberdome, Sabarimala virtual queue, Subhatathra, Nirbhaya and Pink Patrol.