|Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme|
15 August 2005 - 28 February 2009
|Mark Malloch Brown|
|Minister of Economic Affairs|
3 March 2001 - 10 August 2002
|Political party||Republican People's Party|
|Alma mater||London School of Economics|
Kemal Dervi? (Turkish pronunciation: [ke'mal de?vi?]; born 10 January 1949) is a Turkish economist and politician, and former head of the United Nations Development Programme. He was honored by the government of Japan for having "contributed to mainstreaming Japan's development assistance policy through the United Nations". In 2005, he was ranked 67th in the Top 100 Public Intellectuals Poll conducted by Prospect and Foreign Policy magazines. He is Vice President and Director of the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution and part-time professor of international economics at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva.
In March 2015, Dervi? agreed to become the Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey responsible for the economy in a cabinet led by Republican People's Party (CHP) leader Kemal K?l?çdaro?lu should his party form the government after the general election to be held in June. He declined to become a Member of Parliament however, stating that he would prefer to participate in the cabinet from outside the Parliament. He is therefore the first and remains the only shadow minister in Turkey.
Kemal Dervi? was born on 10 January 1949 in Istanbul, Turkey, to a Turkish father and a Dutch-German mother. From his father's side, he is a descendant of Ottoman Grand Vizier Halil Hamid Pasha (1736-1785); and of Ottoman military physician Asaf Dervi? Pasha (1868-1928) who is regarded as the founder of modern gynaecology in Turkey.
As Minister of State for Economic Affairs in Turkey when Bülent Ecevit was Prime Minister, Dervi? was the architect of Turkey's successful three-year economic recovery program launched in 2001. Before being named to head the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), he was a member of the Turkish parliament, and a member of the joint commission of the Turkish and European Parliaments. He used to be a member of the Convention on the Future of Europe.
A member of the Advisory Group at the Center for Global Development, member the Task Force on Global Public Goods and the Special Commission on the Balkans and associated with the Economics and Foreign Policy Forum in Istanbul, Dervi? was instrumental in strengthening Turkey's prospects of starting membership negotiations with the European Union.
Dervi? is married to his second wife, Catherine Dervi?, an American citizen. He is the author of Recovery from the Crisis and Contemporary Social Democracy, which was published in 2006. Dervi? is also a regular contributor to Project Syndicate since 2003.
Kemal Dervi? completed his early education in Institut Le Rosey. He later earned his bachelor (1968) and master's degrees (1970) in economics from the London School of Economics and his PhD from Princeton University, U.S. (1973). From 1973 to 1976, he was member of the economics faculty of the Middle East Technical University in Ankara, Turkey, and served also as an advisor to Bülent Ecevit during and after his Prime Ministerial duties. From 1976 to 1978, he was member of the faculty, Department of Economics at the Princeton University.
In 1977, he joined the World Bank, where he worked until he returned to Turkey in 2001. At the World Bank, he held various positions, including Division Chief for Industrial and Trade Strategy and Director for the Central Europe Department after the fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1996, he became Vice-President of the World Bank for the Middle East and North Africa Region, and in 2000, Vice-President for Poverty Reduction and Economic Management. In the first position, Kemal Dervi? coordinated the World Bank's support to the peace and reconstruction process in the Balkans (Bosnia) and the Middle East. In the second position, he was responsible for the World Bank's global programmes and policies to fight poverty and the development of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) initiative that had just been launched. He was also responsible for the operational coordination with other institutions, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and United Nations institutions, on international institutional and policy issues.
When Dervi? became Turkey's minister of economic affairs in March 2001, after a 22-year career at the World Bank, the country was facing its worst economic crisis in modern history and prospects for success were uncertain. Dervi? used his independence from domestic vested interests and support of domestic reformers and civil society to push through a tough stabilization program with far-reaching structural changes and sweeping bank reforms that protected state banks from political use. Dervi? also strengthened the independence of the central bank and pushed through deep structural reforms in agriculture, energy and the budget process. These reforms, and his reputation and top-level contacts in the U.S. and Europe, helped him to mobilize $20 billion in new loans from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Rapid economic growth resumed in 2002 and inflation came down from an average of nearly 70 percent in the 1990s to 12 percent in 2003; interest rates fell and the exchange rate for the Turkish lira stabilized.
Dervi? resigned from his ministerial position on 10 August 2002 and was elected to parliament on 3 November of that year as a member of the main opposition Republican People's Party.
On 5 May 2005, the United Nations General Assembly, representing 191 countries, unanimously confirmed Kemal Dervi? as the Administrator of the United Nations Development Program, which is also the chairperson of the United Nations Development Group. Dervi? started his four-year term on 15 August 2005. The UNDG Administrator is the third-highest-ranking official in the United Nations, after the Secretary-General and the Deputy Secretary-General.
In 2006, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Dervi? to a High-level Panel on United Nations Systemwide Coherence, which was set up to explore how the United Nations system could work more coherently and effectively across the world in the areas of development, humanitarian assistance and the environment.
In 2009, Dervi? decided not to seek a second term as Administrator of UNDG.
According to press reports, when he was still single and working at the World Bank, Dervi? had an affair with a married female subordinate (her identity is not revealed) who reportedly later started working at the IMF. This was speculated by the media as the possible reason why Dervi?, despite being seen by many as the right person for the job, decided not to become a candidate to succeed Dominique Strauss-Kahn as the next Managing Director of the IMF, a position which was eventually taken by Christine Lagarde.