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King of Babylon
Reignc. 1006-1004 BC
B?t-Bazi Dynasty
House2nd Sealand Dynasty

Kau-n?din-a?i or -a, mBI(=ka?)-?ú-u-MU-?E?,[i 1] "(the) Kassite (god) gives (a) brother(s)," was the 3rd and final king of the 2nd Sealand Dynasty of Babylon, c. 1006 - 1004 BC. His brief three-year reign was marked by distressed times. There was a famine so severe that it caused the suspension of the regular food and drink offerings at the Ebabbar, or white house, temple of ?ama? in Sippar.[1][i 2]


The Kassite derived theophoric element (dKaû = "the Kassite (god)") in his name is the only, rather tenuous, reference to the earlier dynasty,[2] and may not be indicative of any actual affiliation so much as emulation of their longevity and presumed legitimacy. He was the son of a certain SAPpaia, who is otherwise unknown.[i 3] The Synchronistic King List[i 4] records his Assyrian contemporary as Aur-n?sir-apli, c. 1050 to 1031 BC, but this is unlikely. The period of his reign falls midway through that of Aur-rabi II, c. 1013 to 972 BC.

Although the Dynastic Chronicle records he was interred in a palace, its name is not preserved.[i 3] There are currently no other inscriptions extant attesting to his rule,[3] apart from the passing mention of his woes on the Sun God Tablet of Nabu-apla-iddina[4] and a single inscription on a Lorest?n bronze spear head.[5]


  1. ^ Babylonian King List A, BM 33332, iii 8.
  2. ^ The Sun God Tablet, BM 91000 i 24-28.
  3. ^ a b Dynastic Chronicle (ABC 18), v 7.
  4. ^ Synchronistic King List iii 4 and Synchronistic KL Fragment (KAV 182 iii 1 (restored)).


  1. ^ L. W. King (1912). Babylonian boundary-stones and memorial tablets in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 122. no. XXXVI.
  2. ^ Bruno Meissner (1999). Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Meek - Mythologie. Walter De Gruyter. p. 8.
  3. ^ A. K. Grayson (1975). Assyrian and Babylonian chronicles. J. J. Augustin. p. 222.
  4. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1962). "A Preliminary Catalogue of Written Sources for a Political History of Babylonia: 1160-722 B.C.". Journal of Cuneiform Studies. 16 (4): 92. JSTOR 1359098. no. 14.
  5. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Kaû-n?din-a". In Dietz Otto Edzard (ed.). Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Ia - Kizzuwatna (Volume 5). Walter De Gruyter. p. 474.

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