Kariattil Mar Ousep
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Kariattil Mar Ousep

Metropolitan and Gate of all India

Mar Joseph Kariattil

THE ONLY KNOWN MARTYR OF ECUMENISM
Metropolitan of Archeparchy of Kodungalloor
Kariattil Mar Ousep Bishop Tomb.jpg
St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Church, Alangad tomb of Kariatil Mar Ouseph
ChurchSyro-Malabar Catholic Church
DioceseKodungalloor
Installed1783
Term ended1786
PredecessorParambil Mar Chandy
SuccessorMar Thoma Paremmakkal
Orders
Ordination1783
Personal details
Birth nameJoseph
Born5 May 1742
Alengad
Died1786
Goa
BuriedSt. Mary's Syro-Malabar Church, Alangad
NationalityIndian
St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Church, Alangad houses the tomb of Kariatil Mar Ouseph

Mar Joseph Kariattil (5 May 1742 - 10 September 1786) was the first native Indian to be appointed as Archbishop of the Syrian Catholics in the territory now comprising Kerala, India.[1]

Kariattil was born at Alengad, near Aluva in present-day central Kerala. He had his initial religious education at the Seminary at Alengad. Later he was sent to the Propaganda College of Pontifical Urban University, Rome, in 1755 when he was barely 13 years old. There he was ordained as a priest, and he took Doctorate in Philosophy and Theology from there.[2] He returned to India in 1766. He was then appointed as a Malpan at Alangad Seminary.

Kariattil Malpan took great efforts for the reunion of the Saint Thomas Christians (also known as Syrian Christians or Nasrani) who had split following the Coonen Cross Oath. He made the historic journey to Rome in 1778 together with Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar to represent the matter with the church authorities there.[3] Kariattil Malpan was consecrated at Lisbon in 1783 and was appointed as Archbishop of Cranganore (Kodungalloor). However, on his way back to India, he died at Goa on 10 September 1786. He was initially buried there and later his mortal remains were transferred to Alengad and were re-interred at St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Alangad in 1961.

He is the author of two books, viz. Vedatharkkam (Dialectics on Theology) (1768) and Noticias do Reino do Malabar (1780).[4]

See also

External links

  1. ^ http://syromalabarcatechetics.org/ebook/Liturgical_Panchangam2013(Malayalam).pdf
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 April 2011. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://www.smcim.org/history.htm
  4. ^ Mar Joseph Kariattil Archived 6 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine

References

  • Mar Joseph Kariattil
  • St Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India - Edited by George Menachery, Vol.2 (1973).
  • History of Christianity in India - Mundadan, A. Mathias (1984).
  • Indian Church History Classics,Vol 1, Ed. George Menachery: The Nazranies (1998).
  • Vathamaanappusthakam, Thomas Paremakkal (Malayalam) Various Editions. Eng. Tr. by Placid Podipara, Rome.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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