Karasuyama Domain (, Karasuyama-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in the Nasu region of northern Shimotsuke Province (modern-day Tochigi Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Karasuyama Castle in what is now part of the city of Karasuyama, Tochigi. Karasuyama was ruled by a number of clans in its early history, but was ruled by a junior branch of the ?kubo clan from the mid-Edo period onwards. The Karasuyama ?kubo clan maintained a secondary jin'ya in what is now Atsugi, Kanagawa to administer its extensive holdings in Sagami Province.
The Nasu clan ruled the Nasu district of northern Shimotsuke Province from the Kamakura period. During the late Sengoku period, partly for failing to participate in the 1590 Battle of Odawara, Toyotomi Hideyoshi divided their holdings, creating Nasu Domain (20,000 koku) for the Nasu clan, and awarding their ancestral castle, Karasuyama Castle and 20,000 koku to Narita Ujinaga. The Narita were vassals of the Odawara H?j?, who pledged allegiance to the Toyotomi after the fall of their liege. Ujinaga's son Narita Ujitada fought on the side of Tokugawa Ieyasu against the Uesugi clan and in the Battle of Sekigahara and was awarded an increase to 37,000 koku. His son, Narita Ujimune died without heir in 1622 and the clan was reduced to hatamoto status.
Karasuyama was briefly ruled by the Matsushita clan from 1623-1627, before their transfer to Nihonmatsu Domain. From 1627-1672, the Hori clan ruled Karasuyama, during which time they made extensive renovations to the castle and surrounding castle town. They were followed briefly by a branch of the Itakura clan (1672-1681) and then the Nasu clan (1682-1687). However, the Nasu were dispossessed by Sh?gun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi following a succession dispute, and were replaced by Nagai Naohiro (1687-1701), who later was transferred to Ako Domain after its confiscation from Asano Naganori following the Forty-seven r?nin incident. A junior branch of the Itakura clan then ruled Karasuyama from 1701-1725.
Karasuyama was then awarded to ?kubo Tsuneharu, a former wakadoshiyori who already had a 15,000 koku holding in Omi province. He later became a r?j?, and his descendants continued to rule Karasuyama until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate. The 3rd ?kubo daimy?, ?kubo Tadaaki faced severe financial difficulties compounded by peasant uprisings. His successors, ?kubo Tadayoshi and ?kubo Tadashige opened new rice lands and reformed the domain's finances. The 6th ?kubo daimy?, ?kubo Tadayasu had able administrators, and followed the teachings of Ninomiya Sontoku.
The domain had a population of 26,257 people in 5957 households for all of its holdings, per a census in 1869.
As with most domains in the han system, Karasuyama Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. Due to its history, its majority of its territory was divided between Shimotsuke and Sagami Provinces.
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka|
|Narita clan (tozama) 1595-1622|
|1||Narita Ujinaga (?)||1595-1596||Shim?sa-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 koku|
|2||Narita Ujitada (?)||1596-1616||Saimon-no-jo (?)||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 ->37,000 koku|
|3||Narita Ujimune (?)||1616-1622||Sama-no-suke ()||Lower 5th (?)||37,000 koku|
|Matsushita clan (tozama) 1623-1627|
|1||Matsushita Shigetsuna (?)||1623-1627||Iwami-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 koku|
|Hori clan (tozama) 1627-1672|
|1||Hori Chikayoshi ()||1627-1637||Mimasaku-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 koku|
|2||Hori Chikamasa ()||1637-1672||Mimasaku-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 koku|
|Itakura clan (fudai) 1672-1681|
|1||Itakura Shigenori (?)||1672-1673||Naizen-no-kami ()||Lower 4th (?)||50,000 koku|
|2||Itakura Shigetane (?)||1673-1681||Naizen-no-kami ()||Lower 4th (?)||50,000 koku|
|Nasu clan (tozama) 1681-1687|
|1||Nasu Sukemasa (?)||1681-1687||Totomi-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 koku|
|2||Nasu Sukenori (?)||1687-1687||-none-||-none-||20,000 koku|
|Nagai clan (tozama) 1687-1701|
|1||Nagai Naohiro (?)||1687-1701||Izu-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|Inagaki clan (fudai) 1702-1725|
|1||Inagaki Shigetomi (?)||1702-1710||Izumi-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||25,000 koku|
|2||Inagaki Terukata (?)||1710-1725||Izumi-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||25,000 koku|
|?kubo clan (fudai) 1725-1871|
|1||?kubo Tsuneharu ()||1725-1728||Yamashiro-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||20,000 ->30,000 koku|
|2||?kubo Tadatane ()||1728-1759||Yamashiro-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|3||?kubo Tadaaki ()||1759-1769||Yamashiro-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|4||?kubo Tadayoshi ()||1769-1812||Yamashiro-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|5||?kubo Tadashige ()||1805-1827||Sado-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|6||?kubo Tadayasu ()||1827-1848||Yamashiro-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|7||?kubo Tadayoshi ()||1848-1864||Sado-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|
|8||?kubo Tadayori ()||1864-1871||Sado-no-kami ()||Lower 5th (?)||30,000 koku|