Karasuyama Domain
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Karasuyama Domain
Ruins of Karasuyama Castle

Karasuyama Domain (, Karasuyama-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in the Nasu region of northern Shimotsuke Province (modern-day Tochigi Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Karasuyama Castle in what is now part of the city of Karasuyama, Tochigi. Karasuyama was ruled by a number of clans in its early history, but was ruled by a junior branch of the ?kubo clan from the mid-Edo period onwards. The Karasuyama ?kubo clan maintained a secondary jin'ya in what is now Atsugi, Kanagawa to administer its extensive holdings in Sagami Province.

History

The Nasu clan ruled the Nasu district of northern Shimotsuke Province from the Kamakura period. During the late Sengoku period, partly for failing to participate in the 1590 Battle of Odawara, Toyotomi Hideyoshi divided their holdings, creating Nasu Domain (20,000 koku) for the Nasu clan, and awarding their ancestral castle, Karasuyama Castle and 20,000 koku to Narita Ujinaga. The Narita were vassals of the Odawara H?j?, who pledged allegiance to the Toyotomi after the fall of their liege. Ujinaga's son Narita Ujitada fought on the side of Tokugawa Ieyasu against the Uesugi clan and in the Battle of Sekigahara and was awarded an increase to 37,000 koku. His son, Narita Ujimune died without heir in 1622 and the clan was reduced to hatamoto status.

Karasuyama was briefly ruled by the Matsushita clan from 1623-1627, before their transfer to Nihonmatsu Domain. From 1627-1672, the Hori clan ruled Karasuyama, during which time they made extensive renovations to the castle and surrounding castle town. They were followed briefly by a branch of the Itakura clan (1672-1681) and then the Nasu clan (1682-1687). However, the Nasu were dispossessed by Sh?gun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi following a succession dispute, and were replaced by Nagai Naohiro (1687-1701), who later was transferred to Ako Domain after its confiscation from Asano Naganori following the Forty-seven r?nin incident. A junior branch of the Itakura clan then ruled Karasuyama from 1701-1725.

Karasuyama was then awarded to ?kubo Tsuneharu, a former wakadoshiyori who already had a 15,000 koku holding in Omi province. He later became a r?j?, and his descendants continued to rule Karasuyama until the end of the Tokugawa shogunate. The 3rd ?kubo daimy?, ?kubo Tadaaki faced severe financial difficulties compounded by peasant uprisings. His successors, ?kubo Tadayoshi and ?kubo Tadashige opened new rice lands and reformed the domain's finances. The 6th ?kubo daimy?, ?kubo Tadayasu had able administrators, and followed the teachings of Ninomiya Sontoku.

The Boshin war of the Meiji restoration largely bypassed the area. After the abolition of the han system in July 1871, Karasuyama Domain became part of Tochigi Prefecture.

The domain had a population of 26,257 people in 5957 households for all of its holdings, per a census in 1869.[1]

Holdings at the end of the Edo period

As with most domains in the han system, Karasuyama Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[2][3] Due to its history, its majority of its territory was divided between Shimotsuke and Sagami Provinces.

  • Shimotsuke Province
    • 13 villages in Haga District
    • 35 villages in Nasu District
    • 6villages in Moka District
  • Shim?sa Province
    • 2 villages in Toyoda District
    • 1 village in Soma District
  • Sagami Province
    • 2 villages in Kamakura District
    • 13 villages in Koza District
    • 7 villages in Osumi District
    • 10 villages in Aiko District

List of daimy?s

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
.jpg Narita clan (tozama) 1595-1622
1 Narita Ujinaga (?) 1595-1596 Shim?sa-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 20,000 koku
2 Narita Ujitada (?) 1596-1616 Saimon-no-jo (?) Lower 5th (?) 20,000 ->37,000 koku
3 Narita Ujimune (?) 1616-1622 Sama-no-suke () Lower 5th (?) 37,000 koku
Mon Kyogoku andere-svg.svg Matsushita clan (tozama) 1623-1627
1 Matsushita Shigetsuna (?) 1623-1627 Iwami-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 20,000 koku
Mon Hori.svg Hori clan (tozama) 1627-1672
1 Hori Chikayoshi () 1627-1637 Mimasaku-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 20,000 koku
2 Hori Chikamasa () 1637-1672 Mimasaku-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 20,000 koku
Kuyo Tomoe.svg Itakura clan (fudai) 1672-1681
1 Itakura Shigenori (?) 1672-1673 Naizen-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 50,000 koku
2 Itakura Shigetane (?) 1673-1681 Naizen-no-kami () Lower 4th (?) 50,000 koku
Nasu clan kamon.jpg Nasu clan (tozama) 1681-1687
1 Nasu Sukemasa (?) 1681-1687 Totomi-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 20,000 koku
2 Nasu Sukenori (?) 1687-1687 -none- -none- 20,000 koku
Mon Nagai Kano-svg.svg Nagai clan (tozama) 1687-1701
1 Nagai Naohiro (?) 1687-1701 Izu-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
Inagaki kamon inverted.gif Inagaki clan (fudai) 1702-1725
1 Inagaki Shigetomi (?) 1702-1710 Izumi-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 25,000 koku
2 Inagaki Terukata (?) 1710-1725 Izumi-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 25,000 koku
Okubo mon.jpg ?kubo clan (fudai) 1725-1871
1 ?kubo Tsuneharu () 1725-1728 Yamashiro-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 20,000 ->30,000 koku
2 ?kubo Tadatane () 1728-1759 Yamashiro-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
3 ?kubo Tadaaki () 1759-1769 Yamashiro-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
4 ?kubo Tadayoshi () 1769-1812 Yamashiro-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
5 ?kubo Tadashige () 1805-1827 Sado-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
6 ?kubo Tadayasu () 1827-1848 Yamashiro-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
7 ?kubo Tadayoshi () 1848-1864 Sado-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku
8 ?kubo Tadayori () 1864-1871 Sado-no-kami () Lower 5th (?) 30,000 koku

References

  • Papinot, E. (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.

External links

Notes


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Karasuyama_Domain
 



 



 
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