Kant? dialects. Blue: Western Kant? and Hokkaid?. Azure: Eastern Kant?, transitional to T?hoku. Green: Eastern T?kai-T?san (Nagano-Yamanashi-Shizuoka), which lack the Western features of the more transitional T?kai-T?san dialects.
The Kant? dialects (? kant? h?gen, kant?-ben) are a group of Japanese dialects spoken in the Kant? region (except for the Izu Islands).[note 1] The Kant? dialects include the Tokyo dialect which is the basis of modern standard Japanese. Along with the T?hoku dialect, Kant? dialects have been characterized by the use of a suffix -be or -ppe; Kant? speakers were called Kant? bei by Kansai speakers in the Edo period. Eastern Kant? dialects share more features with the T?hoku dialect. After the Pacific War, the southern Kant? regions such as Kanagawa, Saitama, and Chiba prefectures developed as satellite cities of Tokyo,[clarification needed] and today traditional dialects in these areas have been almost entirely replaced by standard Japanese.
The Hokkaid? dialect is the closest to Standard Japanese because colonists from various regions settled the area, so that use of the standard language was required in order to facilitate communication. In the Ryukyu Islands, Standard Japanese developed into a dialect known as Okinawan Japanese, which has been influenced by the Ryukyuan languages.