Kampong Thom Province
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
|Capital||Steung Saen Municipality|
|o Governor||(Sok Lou) (CPP)|
|o National Assembly|
|o Total||13,814 km2 (5,334 sq mi)|
|o Density||49/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|o Density rank||17th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||KH-6|
Kampong Thom (Khmer: ?, IPA: [k?mp?:? t?om], 'Great Port') is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Siem Reap to the northwest, Preah Vihear to the north, Stung Treng to the northeast, Kratie to the east, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang to the south, and the Tonle Sap to the west.
Kampong Thom is Cambodia's second largest province by area. There are a number of significant Angkorian sites in the area, including Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk and Prasat Andet temples. As one of the nine provinces bordering Tonle Sap Lake, Kampong Thom is part of the Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve.
Kampong Thom in Khmer means 'great port' or 'great harbor'. Kampong in Khmer translates as 'port' or 'harbor'. The word Kampong is shared in other Austrasiatic languages, the Malay and Indonesian, both meaning 'village'. Thom in the Khmer language means 'big', 'grand', or 'large'.
The province is divided into seven districts and one municipality.
|06-03||Steung Saen Municipality||?|
The previous name of the province was Kampong Pous Thom ('Port', 'City of the Great Snakes'). According to local legend, at a lakeside dock near the Sen River, a pair of large snakes inhabited a nearby cave. On every Buddhist holiday, the snakes would make appearances to the people nearby who then began to refer to the area as Kampong Pous Thom. Eventually the snakes disappeared and the name was shortened to Kampong Thom. During the Colonial Cambodia period, the French divided Cambodian territory into provinces and named most of them according to the local popular names for the respective areas.
Two of the three core areas in Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve lie in Kampong Thom.
Much of Kampong Thom is on the floodplain of the Tonlé Sap lake. In 2003-2004, it was a significant producer of wild fish (18,800 tons) and the fourth largest producer of fish through aquaculture in Cambodia (1,800 tons). Most of the fish-raising is done by home production, with a growing segment devoted to rice field aquaculture.