Kampong Thom Province
Get Kampong Thom Province essential facts below. View Videos or join the Kampong Thom Province discussion. Add Kampong Thom Province to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Kampong Thom Province

Kampong Thom Province

Sambor Prei Kuk, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the symbol of the province
Sambor Prei Kuk, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the symbol of the province
Official seal of Kampong Thom Province
Seal
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
Map of Cambodia highlighting Kampong Thom
Coordinates: 12°42?N 104°53?E / 12.700°N 104.883°E / 12.700; 104.883Coordinates: 12°42?N 104°53?E / 12.700°N 104.883°E / 12.700; 104.883
Country Cambodia
Provincial status1907
CapitalSteung Saen Municipality
Government
 o Governor (Sok Lou) (CPP)
 o National Assembly
Area
 o Total13,814 km2 (5,334 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
(2019 census)[1]
 o TotalIncrease 677,260
 o Rank11th
 o Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
 o Density rank17th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Dialing code+855
ISO 3166 codeKH-6
Districts8
Websitewww.kampongthom.gov.kh

Kampong Thom (Khmer: ?, IPA: [k?mp?:? t?om], 'Great Port') is a province (khaet) of Cambodia. It borders the provinces of Siem Reap to the northwest, Preah Vihear to the north, Stung Treng to the northeast, Kratie to the east, Kampong Cham, Kampong Chhnang to the south, and the Tonle Sap to the west.

The provincial capital is Stung Saen, a town of approximately 30,000 people on the banks of the Stung Sen River.

Kampong Thom is Cambodia's second largest province by area. There are a number of significant Angkorian sites in the area, including Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk and Prasat Andet temples. As one of the nine provinces bordering Tonle Sap Lake, Kampong Thom is part of the Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve.[2]

Etymology

Kampong Thom in Khmer means 'great port' or 'great harbor'. Kampong in Khmer translates as 'port' or 'harbor'. The word Kampong is shared in other Austrasiatic languages, the Malay and Indonesian, both meaning 'village'. Thom in the Khmer language means 'big', 'grand', or 'large'.

Administration

The province is divided into seven districts and one municipality.

ISO Code District Khmer
06-01 Baray
06-02 Kampong Svay
06-03 Steung Saen Municipality ?
06-04 Prasat Balangk
06-05 Prasat Sambour
06-06 Sandaan
06-07 Santuk
06-08 Stoung ?

History

The previous name of the province was Kampong Pous Thom ('Port', 'City of the Great Snakes'). According to local legend, at a lakeside dock near the Sen River, a pair of large snakes inhabited a nearby cave. On every Buddhist holiday, the snakes would make appearances to the people nearby who then began to refer to the area as Kampong Pous Thom. Eventually the snakes disappeared and the name was shortened to Kampong Thom. During the Colonial Cambodia period, the French divided Cambodian territory into provinces and named most of them according to the local popular names for the respective areas.

Kampong Thom was a powerful capital in Southeast Asia during the Funan period.[] Prasat Sambor Prei Kuk, dating from the Chenla Era, is in Kampong Thom Province.[3]

The ancient temple complex of Sambor Prei Kuk in northern Kampong Thom.

Geography

Two of the three core areas in Tonlé Sap Biosphere Reserve lie in Kampong Thom.

Prey Pras, Kampong Thom

Economy

Much of Kampong Thom is on the floodplain of the Tonlé Sap lake. In 2003-2004, it was a significant producer of wild fish (18,800 tons) and the fourth largest producer of fish through aquaculture in Cambodia (1,800 tons). Most of the fish-raising is done by home production, with a growing segment devoted to rice field aquaculture.[5]

Kampong Thom is also one of the largest producers of cashew nuts in Cambodia, with 6,371 hectares under production in 2003-2004.[6]

The province is one of the largest producer of cashews in the country.
Rice paddies in Baray District.
Irrigation canals and farmlands

Notable people

Attaction

References

  1. ^ "General Population Census of the Kingdom of Cambodia 2019". National Institute of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. June 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ http://www.tsbr-ed.org
  3. ^ Kubo, Sumiko; Shimamoto, Sae; Nagumo, Naoko; Yamagata, Mariko; Him, Sophorn; So, Sokuntheary; Chang, Vitharong; Lun, Votey; Shimoda, Ichita; Nakagawa, Takeshi (March 2012). "Geomorphology, Archaeo-stratigraphy, and 14C Ages of Sambor Prei Kuk Pre-Angkorean Site, Central Cambodia" (PDF). BULLETIN of the Graduate School of Education of Waseda University. 22. Retrieved 2015.
  4. ^ Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, p. 72.
  5. ^ Save Cambodia's Wildlife. The Atlas of Cambodia: National Poverty & Environment Maps, SWC, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 2006, pp. 78-81.
  6. ^ Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry & Fisheries, The Fruit Crops: Agricultural Statistics, 2003-04, Phnom Penh, 2004.

External links

Official Website


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Kampong_Thom_Province
 



 



 
Music Scenes