Kahului Airport
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Kahului Airport

Kahului Airport

Kahua Mokulele o Kahului
Starr-090226-4047-Delonix regia-habitat-Kahului Airport-Maui (24315727774).jpg
Kahului Airport (2009). View facing roughly SSW from north of the main passenger terminal.
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHawaii Department of Transportation
ServesKahului; Wailuku
Hub for
Elevation AMSL54 ft / 16 m
Coordinates20°53?55?N 156°25?50?W / 20.89861°N 156.43056°W / 20.89861; -156.43056 (Kahului Airport)Coordinates: 20°53?55?N 156°25?50?W / 20.89861°N 156.43056°W / 20.89861; -156.43056 (Kahului Airport)
Websitehawaii.gov/ogg
Map
Kahului Airport is located in Maui
Kahului Airport
Kahului Airport
Kahului Airport is located in Hawaii
Kahului Airport
Kahului Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
02/20 6,995 2,132 Asphalt
05/23 4,990 1,521 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 125 38 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Aircraft operations118,896
Passengers5,346,694
Total Cargo (US tons)40,015

Kahului Airport (IATA: OGG, ICAO: PHOG, FAA LID: OGG) is a regional airport in the state of Hawaii, United States, located east of the Kahului CDP in Maui County on the island of Maui near Haleakala.[3] It has offered full airport operations since 1952.[4] Most flights into Kahului Airport originate from Daniel K. Inouye International Airport in Honolulu; the Honolulu-Kahului corridor is one of the heaviest-trafficked air routes in the US, ranking 13th in 2004 with 1,632,000 passengers.[5]

The IATA airport code OGG pays homage to aviation pioneer Bertram J. "Jimmy" Hogg, a Kauai native and aviation pioneer who worked for what is now Hawaiian Airlines flying aircraft ranging from eight-passenger Sikorsky S-38 amphibians to Douglas DC-3s and DC-9s into the late 1960s.[6][7]

It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017-2021, in which it is categorized as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.[8]

History

In 1942, construction started on Naval Air Station Kahului. After the war, extensive negotiations between the Territory of Hawaii and the Navy resulted in the airbase being turned over to the Hawaii Aeronautics Commission. The Kahului Airport began commercial airline operations in June 1952.[9]

Authority

Kahului Airport is part of a centralized state structure governing all of the airports and seaports of Hawaii. The official authority of Kahului Airport is the Governor of Hawaii. The governor appoints the Director of the Hawaii State Department of Transportation, who has jurisdiction over the Hawaii Airports Administrator.

The Hawaii Airports Administrator oversees six governing bodies: Airports Operations Office, Airports Planning Office, Engineering Branch, Information Technology Office, Staff Services Office, Visitor Information Program Office. Collectively, the six bodies have authority over the four airport districts in Hawaii: Hawai'i District, Kaua'i District, Maui District and the principal O'ahu District. Kahului Airport is a subordinate of Maui District officials.

Facilities and aircraft

Overseas concourse at Kahului Airport

The Kahului Airport terminal building has ticketing, USDA agricultural inspection, and baggage claim areas on the ground level.

Sixteen jetways are available for enplaning or deplaning passengers (there are six gate hold areas designated A-F). Gates with odd numbers have jetway systems, while gates with even numbers are designated as emergency exits and have stairs that lead to the ramp below. The main passenger terminal is divided into two areas, north and south. The south area houses Gates 1-16 with seven aircraft parking positions (sized for four inter-island and three overseas aircraft). The north area houses Gates 17-39 with nine aircraft parking positions (sized for three inter-island and six overseas aircraft).[10] Inter-island gates are Gates 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21. Overseas gates are Gates 1, 5, 7, 23, 27, 29, 33, 35, and 39.[11]

Air traffic control tower at OGG

Most of the gates were spaced to handle narrow-body aircraft like the Boeing 717 and Boeing 737 used on inter-island flights. In 1982-83 Kahului started receiving nonstop flights from the mainland United States; these now use wide-body aircraft like the Airbus A330, Boeing 767, and Boeing 777, along with the Airbus A321, Boeing 737-700, Boeing 737-800, Boeing 737-900, Boeing 757-200 and Boeing 757-300. The smaller aircraft used on inter-island flights fit at all gates, while the larger overseas airliners cannot. Because of the size of the wide-body aircraft, Gates 3, 25, 31, and 37 are rarely used.[11] The air traffic control tower stands 187 feet (57 m) above mean sea level and was completed in 1988.[11]

The airport is going through expansion authorized by the Hawaii State Legislature. A goal has been set to prepare Kahului Airport to eventually become a permanent international airport with service routes from Canada and Japan.[] Current flights from Canada use United States border preclearance facilities in Vancouver, Calgary or Edmonton. Under the December 2016 Kahului Airport Master Plan Update, two more aircraft parking positions would be added to the thirteen existing for the main passenger terminal. The current thirteen positions are sized for three inter-island and ten overseas aircraft.[10]

Airfield

OGG runway and terminal diagram

Kahului Airport covers 1,391 acres (563 ha) at an elevation of 54 feet (16 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt runways: 2/20 is 6,995 ft × 150 ft (2,132 m × 46 m) and 5/23 is 4,990 ft × 150 ft (1,521 m × 46 m). It also has an asphalt helipad designated H1 measuring 125 × 125 feet (38 × 38 m).[2][11] Rotary-wing aircraft operate from the area directly east of the approach end of Runway 2. No fixed-wing aircraft are permitted in this area between sunrise and sunset, and fixed-wing operations in this area from sunset to sunrise require prior authorization.[12]

Most commercial flights use Runway 2, which is equipped with a Category I Instrument Landing System.[11] Runway 5 is primarily used for lighter commuter aircraft and general aviation.[11] For noise abatement, flights taking off from Runway 2 are directed to climb straight ahead after takeoff until clear of the shoreline by 1 mile (1.6 km) before making any turns. Flights taking off from Runway 5 for destinations east or west are directed to turn left as soon as possible to clear the shoreline by 1 mile (1.6 km); flights from Runway 5 for destinations south are directed to turn right as soon as possible. Flights landing on Runway 2 detour west of Kahului and Wailuku on a heading almost directly south before lining up for landing. Flights landing on Runway 5 follow the coastline and avoid overflying populated areas as much as possible.[12]

Under the OGG Master Plan, Runway 2 would be lengthened (to the south) to 8,530 ft (2,600 m) by 2021, allowing operations with long-distance aircraft carrying a full load of fuel at maximum take-off weight. This would enable nonstop service from Kahului to Chicago, Dallas, and Denver with Boeing 777-200 aircraft.[10] In addition, a parallel 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m) runway to 2/20 would be constructed sometime after 2035, with a centerline separation of 2,500 feet (760 m). The parallel runway would enable simultaneous operations and would serve as a backup to Runway 2.[10] Runway 2 has been experiencing pavement distress since 2008, and reconstruction to a concrete surface (from the present grooved asphalt) is recommended.[11]

Expansion

As a result of the passage of Hawaii State Legislature bills in 1998 and 2001, Kahului is planned to undergo expansion for new, larger facilities, lengthening of runways, increasing of fuel storage capacities, and construction of new access roads. The controversial project has met opposition from residents who do not agree with the elevation of Kahului Airport to a permanent international airport.[] Project opponents cite concerns about increased introduction of invasive species and other issues, as evidenced by the common Maui bumper sticker "Big city airport, big city problems."

In early 2005, Governor Linda Lingle released $365 million for construction of an extended ticketing lobby, new baggage claim carousels, a new Alien Species building, a new cargo building, construction of a new apron, construction of an additional 10 jetways to replace the current jetways, and a new six-lane airport access road that would run from the airport, intersecting Haleakala Highway and Hana Highway, and run parallel to Dairy Road where it would merge with a new grade-separated interchange between Puunene Avenue (highway 350), Dairy Road, and Kuihelani Highway (highway 380).[13]

Airlines and destinations

Statistics

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from OGG
(January 2019 - December 2019)
[16]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Hawaii Honolulu, Hawaii 1,049,940 Hawaiian, Mokulele, Southwest
2 California Los Angeles, California 542,960 Alaska, American, Delta, Hawaiian, United
3 California San Francisco, California 348,800 Alaska, Hawaiian, United
4 Washington (state) Seattle-Tacoma, Washington 272,850 Alaska, Delta, Hawaiian
5 California Oakland, California 182,750 Alaska, Hawaiian, Southwest
6 Oregon Portland, Oregon 153,270 Alaska, Hawaiian
7 Texas Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 134,980 American
8 California San Jose, California 130,970 Alaska, Hawaiian, Southwest
9 Hawaii Lihue, Hawaii 124,470 Hawaiian
10 Hawaii Kailua-Kona, Hawaii 117,280 Hawaiian, Mokulele
  1. ^ "Statistics". Hawaii.gov.
  2. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for OGG (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. effective July 29, 2010.
  3. ^ "Kahului CDP, Hawaii Archived November 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  4. ^ "Maui Airport". maui-airport.com. Retrieved 2015.
  5. ^ "Busiest Airline Routes in the United States - Table - MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on November 1, 2009.
  6. ^ English, Dave (December 1994). "Airport ABCs: An Explanation of Airport Identifier Codes". Air Line Pilot. Air Line Pilots Association, International. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ "WHY IS MAUI'S KAHULUI AIRPORT CODE OGG?".
  8. ^ "List of NPIAS Airports" (PDF). FAA.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. October 21, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Kahului Airport Information: Airport History", hawaii.gov/ogg, archived from the original on May 14, 2016
  10. ^ a b c d "Executive Summary". Kahului Airport Master Plan Update (PDF) (Report). State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation, Airports Division. December 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "2: Existing Conditions". Kahului Airport Master Plan Update (PDF) (Report). State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation, Airports Division. December 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  12. ^ a b Hawai'i Airports and Flying Safety Guide (PDF) (Report) (5th ed.). State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation, Airports Division. 2012-2013. pp. 57-63. Retrieved 2017.
  13. ^ "Hawaii Airports Modernization - Kahului Airport -- Maui". Hawaii Airports Modernization. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  14. ^ "Beaches For Everyone: Southwest Airlines Puts On Sale New Flights To Cozumel, Mexico, And Accelerates Timeline For Hawaii Service". Southwest Media. September 26, 2019.
  15. ^ https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/southwest-airlines-extends-flight-schedule-through-june-6-2020-with-nonstop-service-to-link-hawaii-and-san-diego-now-on-sale-purchase-today-one-way-for-as-low-as-129-300948088.html
  16. ^ "RITA - BTS - Transtats". transtats.bts.gov.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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