KSTU
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KSTU
KSTU
KSTU Fox 13 logo.jpg
Salt Lake City, Utah
United States
ChannelsDigital: 28 (UHF)
Virtual: 13 (PSIP)
BrandingFox 13 (general)
Fox 13 News (newscasts)
SloganLet's Connect
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
OwnerE. W. Scripps Company
(Scripps Broadcasting Holdings LLC)
History
First air date
October 24, 1978 (42 years ago) (1978-10-24)
(original license)
November 9, 1987 (33 years ago) (1987-11-09)
(current license)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 20 (UHF, 1978-1987)
  • 13 (VHF, 1987-2009)
Call sign meaning
Springfield Television of Utah
(original owners)
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID22215
ERP350 kW
HAAT1,210 m (3,970 ft)
Transmitter coordinates
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Websitefox13now.com

KSTU, virtual channel 13 (UHF digital channel 28), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. The station is owned by the E. W. Scripps Company. KSTU's studios are located on West Amelia Earhart Drive in the northwestern section of Salt Lake City, and its transmitter is located on Farnsworth Peak in the Oquirrh Mountains, southwest of Salt Lake City. The station has a large network of broadcast translators that extend its over-the-air coverage throughout Utah, as well as portions of Nevada.

History

As an independent station

The station first signed on the air on October 24, 1978 under the ownership of Massachusetts-based Springfield Television, which also owned NBC affiliate WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts, and ABC affiliate WKEF in Dayton, Ohio. It was the first independent station in Utah, as well as the first new commercial station to sign on in Salt Lake City since KUTV (channel 2) hit the airwaves 24 years earlier.

Salt Lake City had a fairly long wait for an independent station compared to other cities of its size. It had enough of a population base to support one since the early 1960s. However, the Salt Lake City market is one of the largest in a geographic area and most mountainous markets in the country, covering all of Utah and large slices of Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming. The market's three commercial stations, as well as PBS members KUED and KBYU-TV, all needed massive networks of low-power translators to cover it.

Additionally, at the time the only available allocations were on the UHF band, and UHF stations did not cover mountainous territory very well. The expense associated with building a translator network, combined with the limitations of UHF, scared off most prospective investors. By the mid-1970s, however, cable television, a must for acceptable television in much of Utah, even in today's digital era, had gotten enough penetration in the market to lessen the need for translators and make an independent station viable.

The station originally broadcast on UHF channel 20 on a transmitter originally used for WWLP's partial satellite, WRLP-TV in Greenfield, Massachusetts, which closed down shortly before KSTU's sign-on. KSTU's programming at the time was typical for an independent station: cartoons, off-network sitcoms, classic movies, and drama series. Springfield Television merged with Adams Communications in 1984. On October 9, 1986, the station became a charter affiliate of Fox. However, like most Fox affiliates early in the network's history, it was still essentially programmed as an independent. Fox initially ran only late-night programming at its launch and when it added primetime programming in April 1987, it only aired such programs on Saturdays and Sundays. It would not air a full week's worth of programming until 1993.

A new license

In 1980, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) added a new VHF allocation on channel 13 to the Salt Lake City market. Five groups submitted applications for a permit to build a television station on that allocation in May 1981. In 1984, the FCC held hearings with the competing applicants. And in 1985, it announced the winning applicant. The second-place applicant, locally owned Mountain West Television Company, or MWT Company, appealed the FCC decision but lost the appeal. When that failed, MWT Company proposed a buyout of the other four competing interests, including the winning applicants. The strategy succeeded and was carried out in November 1986. At the same time, Mountain West entered into a limited partnership agreement with Northstar Communications, which was partly owned by Allstate Insurance, and a new company, called MWT, Ltd., was formed. On January 20, 1987, the FCC awarded the original construction permit for a new station on channel 13 to MWT, Ltd., under the call sign KTMW. However, buying equipment for the new station proved difficult.

Meanwhile, Adams Communications was undergoing serious financial difficulties and decided to sell off its stations. There were few takers for channel 20, however. Under the circumstances, it was very receptive to an offer from MWT to buy KSTU's assets for $30 million. Adams was able to make a considerable profit on the deal, while MWT was able to get the equipment it needed at a substantial discount. The two parties reached a sales agreement in July. The sale was approved by the FCC in September and the transaction was finalized on October 23, 1987.

On November 9, 1987, MWT moved the channel 20 intellectual unit (call letters, staff, programming and Fox affiliation) to channel 13. It also returned the channel 20 license to the FCC on the same day. As a result, the FCC reckons the current KSTU as a separate station from the old channel 20. MWT went on the air with the new KSTU on channel 13 under Program Test Authority. It requested a license to cover the CP on November 16, which was duly granted on March 7, 1988.

The purchase of KSTU, however, put a financial strain on MWT, namely on the old Mountain West partners. In May 1988, Mountain West sold its interest in KSTU to Northstar. The station rebranded as Fox 13 by 1989.

Fox takes over

Northstar sold KSTU to Fox Television Stations the next year, making it a Fox owned-and-operated station, and the first network-owned station in Utah. Unlike its rival stations, which have changed networks over the years, KSTU was the only VHF commercial station in Salt Lake City that has remained affiliated with the same network since that network's inception. Only KTVX (channel 4), originally an NBC affiliate, has been affiliated with ABC longer than KSTU has been a Fox affiliate.

Incidentally, when Fox Television Stations acquired the television station group owned by KTVX's then-parent Chris-Craft Industries on August 12, 2000[1] KTVX was one of two stations that the company traded to Clear Channel Communications (as part of a swap with WFTC in Minneapolis-Saint Paul). It was forced to sell KTVX due to FCC regulations prohibiting one company from owning two of the four highest-rated stations in a single market, as well as the fact that the station was in the middle of a long-term affiliation contract with ABC.

The station replaced most of the classic sitcoms on its weekday lineup with talk shows in the mid-1990s. The station added additional syndicated programming in 2002, once Fox dropped the Fox Kids weekday children's block nationally. In 2006, KSTU migrated its website to Fox Interactive Media's MyFox web platform. It also introduced a new logo, in a style in line with the other Fox O&O stations. However, the Times New Roman "13," which the station has used since 1997, was retained (unlike WHBQ-TV in Memphis, which switched to a "13" resembling that used by its Tampa sister station WTVT). KSTU was one of two network-owned stations in the Salt Lake City market from 1995 to 2007, when CBS sold KUTV (channel 2) to Four Points Media Group, a subsidiary of the private-equity group Cerberus Capital Management.

Local TV and Tribune ownership

On June 13, 2007, Fox sold KSTU and seven other owned-and-operated stations[2] to Local TV (a subsidiary of another private equity firm Oak Hill Capital Partners), which had acquired the former broadcasting division of The New York Times Company the previous year. The sale was finalized on July 14, 2008. On July 1, 2013, the Tribune Company (which formed a management company that operated both Tribune and Local TV's stations in 2008) acquired the Local TV stations for $2.75 billion;[3] the sale was completed on December 27.[4][5]

2008-2016 logo

Aborted sale to Sinclair Broadcast Group

On May 8, 2017, Hunt Valley, Maryland-based Sinclair Broadcast Group--owner of KUTV, independent station KJZZ-TV (channel 14), and St. George-based MyNetworkTV affiliate KMYU (channel 12)--entered into an agreement to acquire Tribune Media for $3.9 billion, plus the assumption of $2.7 billion in debt held by Tribune. While KMYU (due to contours that do not overlap) and KJZZ (not ranking in the top four in ratings) are not in conflict with existing FCC in-market ownership rules and would be retained by Sinclair in any event, the group is precluded from acquiring KSTU directly as broadcasters are not currently allowed to legally own more than two full-power television stations in a single market (without satellite exemptions) and both KUTV and KSTU rank among the four highest-rated stations in the Salt Lake City market in total day viewership (Sinclair CEO Christopher Ripley cited Salt Lake City as one of three markets, out of fourteen where ownership conflicts exist between the two groups, where the proposed acquisition would most likely result in divestitures).[6][7][8][9][10]

Sinclair later announced that it would keep its existing assets and sell KSTU to a third party to be determined later, and reports speculated that Sinclair would sell KSTU back to Fox Television Stations.[11][12] On April 24, 2018, Sinclair announced that KSTU would be one of 23 stations sold to obtain approval for the merger, though it was one of seven stations for which a buyer was not disclosed (KMYU will concurrently be acquired by Howard Stirk Holdings).[13] On May 9, 2018, it was officially announced that Fox Television Stations would buy back KSTU, as part of a $910-million deal that also involved six other Tribune-owned stations (Fox affiliates KTXL/Sacramento, KCPQ/Seattle, KDVR/Denver, WJW/Cleveland and KSWB-TV/San Diego, and CW affiliate WSFL-TV/Miami).[14]

Three weeks after the FCC's July 18 vote to have the deal reviewed by an administrative law judge amid "serious concerns" about Sinclair's forthrightness in its applications to sell certain conflict properties, on August 9, 2018, Tribune announced it would terminate the Sinclair deal, intending to seek other M&A opportunities. Tribune also filed a breach of contract lawsuit in the Delaware Chancery Court, alleging that Sinclair engaged in protracted negotiations with the FCC and the U.S. Department of Justice's Antitrust Division over regulatory issues, refused to sell stations in markets where it already had properties, and proposed divestitures to parties with ties to Sinclair executive chair David D. Smith that were rejected or highly subject to rejection to maintain control over stations it was required to sell. The termination of the Sinclair sale agreement places uncertainty for the future of Fox's purchases of KSTU and the other six Tribune stations included in that deal, which were predicated on the closure of the Sinclair-Tribune merger.[15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

Sale to Scripps

On December 3, 2018, Irving, Texas-based Nexstar Media Group--which has owned KTVX and CW affiliate KUCW (channel 30) since December 2012--announced it would acquire the assets of Tribune Media for $6.4 billion in cash and debt. Nexstar was precluded from acquiring KSTU directly or indirectly, as FCC regulations prohibit common ownership of more than two stations in the same media market, or two or more of the four highest-rated stations in the market. (Furthermore, any attempt by Nexstar to assume the operations of KSTU through local marketing or shared services agreements would have been subject to regulatory hurdles that could have delayed completion of the FCC and Justice Department's review and approval process for the acquisition.) As such, Nexstar was required to sell either KSTU or KTVX to a separate, unrelated company to address the ownership conflict. (In the case of KSTU, reports preceding the purchase announcement stated that, as it did during the group's failed purchase by Sinclair, Fox Television Stations would seek to acquire certain Fox-affiliated stations owned by Tribune from the eventual buyer of that group. Also, as KUCW does not rank among the top four in total-day viewership and therefore is not in conflict with existing FCC in-market ownership rules, that station optionally can be retained by Nexstar regardless of whether it chooses to retain ownership of KTVX or sell KTVX in order to acquire KSTU or, should it be divested, be sold to the prospective buyer of KTVX.)[27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38] On March 20, 2019, the Cincinnati-based E. W. Scripps Company announced it would purchase KSTU from Nexstar upon consummation of the merger, marking Scripps' entry into Utah, as part of the company's sale of nineteen Nexstar- and Tribune-operated stations to Scripps and Tegna Inc. in separate deals worth $1.32 billion; once the deal closes, KSTU will become a sister station to Scripps-owned ABC affiliates KTNV-TV in Las Vegas, KNXV-TV in Phoenix, KIVI-TV in Boise (and fellow Fox affiliate KNIN-TV via a local marketing agreement with Gray Television), and KMGH-TV in Denver, the former of which was acquired by Scripps from Journal Media Group in 2014.[39][40] The sale was completed on September 19, 2019.[41]

Possible duopoly with KUPX-TV

On September 24, 2020, a consortium made up of Scripps and Berkshire Hathaway announced the proposed purchase of Ion Media.[42] If the deal is successfully closed, as there are no regulatory complications within the Salt Lake City market, Ion Television station KUPX-TV (channel 16) would become a sister station to KSTU.

Digital television

Digital channels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[43]
13.1 720p 16:9 KSTU-HD Main KSTU programming / Fox
13.2 480i 4:3 ANTTV Antenna TV
13.3 STADIUM Stadium
13.4 16:9 CHARGE Charge!

KSTU became a charter affiliate of Tribune Broadcasting's Antenna TV upon its launch on January 1, 2011, it is carried on digital subchannel 13.2.[44]

On December 29, 2017, KSTU added Charge! on digital subchannel 13.4.

On January 12, 2018, KSTU replaced Justice Network with Stadium on digital subchannel 13.3.

Analog-to-digital conversion

KSTU shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 13, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[45] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 28,[46] using PSIP to display KSTU's virtual channel as 13 on digital television receivers.

News operation

Fox 13 van covering General Conference

KSTU presently broadcasts 61½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 10½ hours each weekday and 4½ hours each on Saturdays and Sundays); in regards to the number of hours devoted to news programming, it is the highest local newscast output among Utah's television stations. KSTU's Saturday and Sunday 5 p.m. newscasts are subject to preemption due to network sports coverage, as is standard with Fox stations that carry early evening weekend newscasts.

The station launched its news department on December 31, 1991, with the debut of a half-hour 9 p.m. newscast; KSTU added a three-hour weekday morning newscast, titled Good Day Utah, in 1996, replacing morning cartoons. In 2005, the station launched a midday newscast at 11 a.m. In August 2008, KSTU entered into a strategic alliance with news/talk radio station KNRS-FM (105.7 FM), in which KSTU meteorologists provide weather reports to KNRS, while KSTU reporters are often heard during KNRS newscasts and talk shows. In September 2008, KSTU debuted an hour-long early evening newscast at 5:00 p.m.

On August 17, 2009, the station expanded its midday newscast to 90 minutes by adding a half-hour newscast at noon, following its existing hour-long 11:00 a.m. newscast.[47] On January 23, 2010, KSTU debuted a 90-minute weekend morning newscast from 7:30-9:00 a.m.[48] In January 2013, KSTU expanded its weekend morning newscast by one hour to 6:30 a.m. On April 23, 2012, KSTU became the fourth (and last) major network station in Utah to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.[49] In September 2013, KSTU debuted an hour-long 4 p.m. newscast, which competes with hour-long newscasts on KUTV and KTVX.

Notable former on-air staff

Translators

KSTU extends its coverage throughout the entire state of Utah (with a rebroadcaster KKRP-LD channel 46 - formerly KSTG in Saint George, Utah), plus parts of Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming, using a network of community-owned translator television stations listed below.

List of translators

References

  1. ^ Hofmeister, Sallie (August 12, 2000). "News Corp. to Buy Chris-Craft Parent for $5.5 Billion, Outbidding Viacom". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ News Corporation
  3. ^ Channick, Robert (July 1, 2013). "Acquisition to make Tribune Co. largest U.S. TV station operator". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ Company Completes Final Steps of Transaction Announced in July Archived 2013-12-28 at the Wayback Machine, Tribune Company, December 27, 2013.
  5. ^ Tribune Closes Local TV Holdings Purchase, TVNewsCheck, December 27, 2013.
  6. ^ Stephen Battaglio (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast Group to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion plus debt". Los Angeles Times. Tronc. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ Cynthia Littleton (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast Group Sets $3.9 Billion Deal to Acquire Tribune Media". Variety. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ Todd Frankel (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion, giving it control over 215 local TV stations". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings, LLC. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ Liana Baker; Jessica Toonkel (May 7, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast nears deal for Tribune Media". Reuters. Retrieved 2017.
  10. ^ Harry A. Jessell; Mark K. Miller (May 8, 2017). "The New Sinclair: 72% Coverage + WGNA". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  11. ^ https://licensing.fcc.gov/cdbs/CDBS_Attachment/getattachment.jsp?appn=101779327&qnum=5140&copynum=1&exhcnum=3
  12. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (February 22, 2018). "21st Century Fox Finalizing Deal With Sinclair to Acquire Six TV Stations (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ Jessell, Harry A. (April 24, 2018). "Sinclair Spins Off 23 TVs To Grease Trib Deal". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ Hayes, Dade (May 9, 2018). "21st Century Fox Buys Seven Local TV Stations From Sinclair For $910 Million". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved 2018.
  15. ^ Todd Shields (July 16, 2018). "Sinclair and Tribune Fall as FCC Slams TV Station Sale Plan". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2018.
  16. ^ Harper Neidig (July 16, 2018). "FCC chair rejects Sinclair-Tribune merger". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved 2018.
  17. ^ Robert Feder (July 16, 2018). "FCC throws Sinclair/Tribune deal in doubt". RobertFeder.com. Retrieved 2018.
  18. ^ Benjamin Hart (July 16, 2018). "FCC Throws Wrench Into Sinclair Media Megadeal". New York. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved 2018.
  19. ^ Edmund Lee (July 18, 2018). "Sinclair Tries to Appease F.C.C., but Its Tribune Bid Is Challenged". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2018.
  20. ^ Lorraine Mirabella (July 18, 2018). "FCC orders hearing even as Sinclair changes plans to sell TV stations to address concerns about Tribune deal". Baltimore Sun. Tronc. Retrieved 2018.
  21. ^ "Tribune Terminates $3.9 Billion Sinclair Merger, Sues Broadcast Rival". The Wall Street Journal. News Corp. August 9, 2018.
  22. ^ Mark K. Miller (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Kills Sinclair Merger, Files Suit". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  23. ^ Christopher Dinsmore (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Media pulls out of Sinclair Broadcast merger". Baltimore Sun. Tronc.
  24. ^ Edmund Lee; Amie Tsang (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Ends Deal With Sinclair, Dashing Plan for Conservative TV Behemoth". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  25. ^ Jon Lafayette (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Ends Deal with Sinclair, Files Breach of Contract Suit". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media.
  26. ^ Brian Fung; Tony Romm (August 9, 2018). "Tribune withdraws from Sinclair merger, saying it will sue for 'breach of contract'". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC.
  27. ^ "Acquisition of Tribune Media Company" (PDF). Nexstar Media Group. December 3, 2018.
  28. ^ Mark K. Miller (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Buying Tribune Media For $6.4 Billion". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  29. ^ Peter White; Dade Hayes (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Confirms $4.1B Tribune Media Acquisition To Become Leading Local TV Station Owner". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation.
  30. ^ Gerry Smith; Nabila Ahmed; Eric Newcomer (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar to buy WGN owner Tribune Media for $4.1 billion". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Bloomberg News.
  31. ^ Arjun Panchadar; Sonam Rai (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar to buy Tribune Media for $4.1 billion". Reuters.
  32. ^ Jon Lafayette (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar Announces Deal to Buy Tribune for $6.4B". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media.
  33. ^ Adam Jacobson (December 3, 2018). "It's Official: Nexstar Takes Tribune In Billion-Dollar Stock Deal". Radio-Television Business Report. Streamline-RBR, Inc.
  34. ^ Harry A. Jessell; Mark K. Miller (December 3, 2018). "Nexstar To Spin Off $1B In Stations". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  35. ^ "Nexstar Media Group Enters into Definitive Agreement to Acquire Tribune Media Company for $6.4 Billion in Accretive Transaction Creating the Nation's Largest Local Television Broadcaster and Local Media Company". Nexstar Media Group. December 3, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  36. ^ "Nexstar Media Group Enters Into Definitive Agreement To Acquire Tribune Media Company". Tribune Media. December 3, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  37. ^ Scott D. Pierce (December 3, 2018). "Scott D. Pierce: KTVX's owner is buying FOX 13's owner -- but one of those stations will have to be resold". Salt Lake Tribune. Huntsman Family Investments, LLC. Retrieved 2018.
  38. ^ Cynthia Littleton (December 3, 2018). "Tribune Media to Be Acquired by Nexstar Media Group". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved 2018.
  39. ^ Mark K. Miller (March 20, 2019). "Nexstar Selling 19 TVs In 15 Markets For $1.32B". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  40. ^ Nabila Ahmed; Anousha Sakoui (March 20, 2019). "Nexstar to Sell Stations to Tegna, Scripps for $1.32 Billion". Bloomberg News. Bloomberg, L.P.
  41. ^ https://www.ftvlive.com/sqsp-test/2019/9/19/nexstar-takes-control-of-tribune
  42. ^ Cimilluca, Dana. "E.W. Scripps Agrees to Buy ION Media for $2.65 billion in Berkshire-Backed Deal". Retrieved 2020.
  43. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KSTU
  44. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-27. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  45. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations Archived 2013-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  47. ^ http://www.sltrib.com/slc/ci_12901482
  48. ^ http://www.fox13now.com/news/kstu-good-day-utah-weekend-edition-launches-this,0,1813680.story
  49. ^ http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/lifestyle/53955739-80/news-fox-station-studio.html.csp

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

KSTU
 



 



 
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