Juan R. Torruella
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Juan R. Torruella

Juan R. Torruella
Judgetorruella.JPG
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit

August 3, 1994 - June 15, 2001
Stephen Breyer
Michael Boudin
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit

October 4, 1984
Ronald Reagan
Seat established by 98 Stat. 333
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico

September 8, 1982 - October 30, 1984
Hernan Gregorio Pesquera
Juan Pérez-Giménez
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico

December 20, 1974 - October 30, 1984
Gerald Ford
Hiram Rafael Cancio
José A. Fusté
Personal details
Born

(1933-06-07) June 7, 1933 (age 86)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Education
Boston University School of Law (J.D.)
University of Virginia School of Law (LL.M.)

Magdalen College, Oxford University (M.St.)

Juan Rafael Torruella del Valle Sr. [Spanish: xwan rafa'el t?orue?a d?el ?a?e] (born June 7, 1933) is a Puerto Rican jurist, who currently serves as a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. He is the first and to date only Hispanic to serve in that court.[1] He was also a competitive sailor participating in four Olympics.

Education and career

Torruella was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1954. He received a Juris Doctor from Boston University School of Law in 1957. He received a Master of Laws from University of Virginia School of Law in 1984. He received a Master of Public Administration from University of Puerto Rico School of Public Administration in 1984. He received a Master of Studies from Oxford University.[2] He was in private practice of law in San Juan from 1959 to 1974.[3]

Federal judicial service

Torruella was nominated by President Gerald Ford on November 18, 1974, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico vacated by Judge Hiram Rafael Cancio. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 18, 1974, and received commission on December 20, 1974. He served as Chief Judge from 1982 to 1984. His service was terminated on October 30, 1984, due to elevation to the First Circuit.[3]

Torruella was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on August 1, 1984, to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, to a new seat created by 98 Stat. 333. He was confirmed by the Senate on October 3, 1984, and received his commission on October 4, 1984. He served as Chief Judge from 1994 to 2001.[3]

Torruella has been the oldest judge on the 1st circuit in active service (meaning not in senior status) since 2001, when Norman H. Stahl took senior status.

Views and notable cases

Torruella has consistently been an advocate of Puerto Rican rights and dissented from a 2005 ruling that Puerto Ricans are properly denied a voice in the election of the president of the United States because Puerto Rico is not a state. On the bench, Torruella is considered to be a moderate. He has ruled in favor of abortion rights, including the First Circuit court's opinion in Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood.

Torruella is the author of the book The Supreme Court and Puerto Rico: The Doctrine of Separate and Unequal (University of Puerto Rico: 1988), a study of the Supreme Court's decisions in the Insular Cases.

Torruella helped declare the DOMA unconstitutional in Boston on May 31, 2012.[4]

On February 13, 2009, Torruella wrote the opinion in Noonan v. Staples,[5] allowing a suit for libel to proceed because even though the statements at issue were true they reflected "actual malice".[6]

In August 2017, Torruella wrote a lengthy dissent when the en banc circuit rejected a lawsuit challenging Puerto Rico's exclusion from United States congressional apportionment.[7][8]

Sailing career

Torruella competed for  Puerto Rico (PUR) in four Olympic sailing events:[1]

Publications

  • The Supreme Court and Puerto Rico: The Doctrine of Separate and Unequal, Río Piedras: University of Puerto Rico, 1988, ISBN 0-8477-3019-0
  • "The Insular Cases: The Establishment of a Regime of Political Apartheid" (PDF), University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, 29 (2): 284-320, 2007

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill. "Juan Torruella Sr". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Hunter College". Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Torruella, Juan R. - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  4. ^ "Big DOMA Decision Handed Down". Huffington Post. May 31, 2012.
  5. ^ Alan S. Noonan v. Staples, Inc Archived February 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Kennedy, Dan (February 17, 2009), "With malice aforethought", The Guardian, London
  7. ^ Note, Recent Case: First Circuit Denies En Banc Petition's Claim of Nonapportionment to Puerto Rico, 131 Harv. L. Rev. 1155 (2018).
  8. ^ Igartúa v. Trump, 868 F.3d 24 (1st Cir. 2017) (mem.).

Sources

Legal offices
Preceded by
Hiram Rafael Cancio
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico
1974-1984
Succeeded by
José A. Fusté
Preceded by
Hernan Gregorio Pesquera

1982-1984
Succeeded by
Juan Pérez-Giménez
Preceded by
Seat established by 98 Stat. 333

1984-present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Stephen Breyer

1994-2001
Succeeded by
Michael Boudin

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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