Jozef Glemp
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Jozef Glemp

His Eminence

Józef Glemp
Cardinal, Archbishop emeritus of Warsaw
Cardinal Józef Glemp
ArchdioceseWarsaw
SeeWarsaw
Appointed7 July 1981
Installed25 September 1981
Term ended6 December 2006
PredecessorStefan Wyszy?ski
SuccessorStanis?aw Wielgus
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere
Orders
Ordination25 May 1956
Consecration21 April 1979
by Stefan Wyszy?ski
Created cardinal2 February 1983
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born(1929-12-18)18 December 1929
Inowroc?aw, Pozna? Voivodeship, Poland
Died23 January 2013(2013-01-23) (aged 83)
Warsaw, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
NationalityPolish
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post
  • Bishop of Warmia (1979-1981)
  • Archbishop of Gniezno (1981-1992)
  • Ordinary of the Ordinariate for the Faithful of the Eastern Rites in Poland (1981-2007)
  • Apostolic Administrator of Warsaw (2007)
Motto
  • Caritati in iustitia
  • (Love in justice)
Coat of armsJózef Glemp's coat of arms

Józef Glemp (18 December 1929 – 23 January 2013) was a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Warsaw from 1981 to 2006, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1983.

Biography

Early life and ordination

Józef Glemp was born in Inowroc?aw on 18 December 1929 as a son of Kazimierz Glemp and Salomea Ko?micka, and was baptized the same day.[1] His father had participated in the Greater Poland Uprising from 1918 to 1919. Józef studied at the seminaries of Gniezno and Pozna?, but his education was interrupted by the World War II; he and his siblings were slave laborers during the Nazi occupation of Poland.[2] Glemp was ordained to the priesthood on 25 May 1956 by Bishop Franciszek Jedwabski. Glemp was of German descent on his father's side. On a visit to Scotland, he claimed Scottish descent on his mother's side.

Early service

Between 1956 and 1959, Glemp was involved in the education of incurable youth and children in Miel?yn and Witkowo. He also taught religion classes in W?growiec, Miasteczko Kraje?skie, and Polska Wie?.[3]

After two years of pastoral service in Pozna?, Glemp was sent to Rome in 1958 to study canon law at the Pontifical Lateran University, earning his doctorate in utroque iure in 1964,[2] with a thesis on: De evolutione conceptus fictionis iuris. After his practicum he was given the title of Advocate of the Roman Rota. He attended a course in stylistic Latin at the Pontifical Gregorian University and also finished his studies in ecclesial administration.

Chaplain

In 1964, Glemp completed all of his studies in Rome and returned to Gniezno in Poland.[2] He became chaplain of the Dominican and Franciscan Sisters and teacher of religion in the house for delinquent minors. He worked as Secretary of the Seminary of Gniezno and as notary for the Curia and the metropolitan tribunal and also as defender of the bond.

Secretariat of the Primate

In December 1967, he worked in the Secretariat of the Primate, and for 15 years was one of Cardinal Stefan Wyszy?ski's close collaborators. As the personal chaplain of the Cardinal, he accompanied him on his journeys within Poland and to Rome. He exercised varied responsibilities in the Commissions of the Polish Episcopate and taught Canon Law at the Academy of the Catholic Theology in Warsaw. He participated in several congresses on this topic in Poland and abroad. In 1972 he was named a Chaplain of His Holiness, and in March 1976 be became Canon of the Metropolitan Chapter at Gniezno.

Bishop

Styles of
Józef Glemp
Coat of arms of Józef Glemp.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeWarsaw (emeritus)

On 4 March 1979, John Paul II named Glemp Bishop of Warmia, in the northeast part of Poland and he was consecrated on 21 April, in Gniezno.[1] After the death of Cardinal Wyszy?ski on 18 May 1981, he was named Archbishop of Gniezno on 7 July 1981, in union "pro hac vice, ad personam" with the Archdiocese of Warsaw. As Bishop of Gniezno he became also the Primate of Poland.[2][a]

Cardinal

Glemp was created Cardinal-Priest by John Paul II in the consistory of 2 February 1983[2] and assigned the titular church of Church of St. Mary in Trastevere. On 25 March 1992, with the restructuring of the Church dioceses in Poland, John Paul II dissolved the union "ad personam" of Gniezno-Warsaw, naming as Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno Bishop Henryk Muszynski. The Pope decided that the title of Primate of Poland should remain linked to the historical heritage of S. Adalberto in the Archdiocese of Gniezno and confirmed that Cardinal Józef Glemp, Archbishop of Warsaw, who had custody of the relics of S. Adalberto, which were venerated in the Cathedral of Gniezno, should continue to bear the title of Primate of Poland. Pope Benedict XVI stipulated that Cardinal Glemp, despite his retirement, would remain primate until 18 December 2009, his 80th birthday.[4]

Episcopal conference

Cardinal Glemp acted as President of the Episcopal Conference of Poland for 23 years, from 1981 until March 2004.[4]

He was president delegate to the 1st Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops (1991).

Glemp was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI.

Apostolic administrator

On 7 January 2007, it was announced that Cardinal Glemp would be acting as the Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Warsaw due to the resignation of Stanis?aw Wielgus.[5] On 3 March 2007, Kazimierz Nycz was appointed to the Warsaw see.

Death

Tomb of Józef Glemp in St. John's Cathedral in Warsaw

Glemp died from lung cancer on 23 January 2013 in Warsaw at the age of 83.[6] Funeral celebrations lasted three days, from 26 to 28 January 2013, and took place in three major churches of Warsaw. On Saturday, 26 January, the cardinal's body was lying in state in the Visitationist Church. On Sunday, the coffin was moved to the Church of the Holy Cross, where a Holy Mass was celebrated by Archbishop Celestino Migliore, the apostolic nuncio to Poland, with the sermon preached by Archbishop Józef Michalik, the head of the Polish Conference of Bishops. After the mass, a funeral procession took the coffin to St. John's Cathedral. The Monday, 28 January 2013 Funeral Mass was attended by president Bronis?aw Komorowski and his wife Anna, former president Lech Wasa, former prime minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki, representatives from the judiciary, the Senate, and the Sejm, and other high-ranking officials from various institutions. Over a hundred prelates from Poland and abroad (among them, Prague's Cardinal Dominik Duka, Budapest's Cardinal Peter Erdo, Barcelona's Cardinal Lluis Martinez Sistach, Cologne's Cardinal Joachim Meisner, and Zagreb's Cardinal Josip Bozani?) concelebrated, with Cardinal Stanis?aw Dziwisz, the Archbishop of Kraków, presiding. The homily was given by the Archbishop of Gniezno, Józef Kowalczyk, the incumbent Primate of Poland. Afterwards, the late primate was entombed in a crypt of the Cathedral.[7][8][9]

Curial membership

Views

Radio Maryja

Primate Jozef Glemp said in 2005 that the Catholic Radio Maryja was causing a rift in the Church.[10]

Wielgus affair

During the controversy surrounding the alleged collaboration of bishop Stanislaw Wielgus with the communist secret services, Cardinal Glemp said that the prelate was a true servant of God and that media accusations against him were unfounded or exaggerated.[11]

Controversial 1989 sermon

Glemp gave a homily in 1989 for which he faced criticism for years afterwards. In it, he suggested that Jews had spread alcoholism in Poland, and talked of Jewish control of the media. In 1991, Glemp wrote a letter to an American archbishop in which he expressed regret for the sermon, and said he recognized that it might have caused pain among Jews. During his visit to the United States later that year, Glemp met with a dozen Jewish leaders inside the residence of John Cardinal O'Connor in New York while about 100 protestors demonstrated outside. In that meeting, Glemp and the Jewish leaders set up a program in which Jewish scholars would go to Poland and teach about the contributions and history of Jews in Poland.[12]

Notes

  1. ^ The title of Primate of Poland was conferred on the Archbishop of Gniezno by Pope Martin V in 1418 and confirmed by Leo X in 1515. The Primate of Poland, even if he is not a cardinal, has the right to wear the red "zucchetto" of a cardinal. This privilege was accorded as early as 1600 and confirmed by Benedict XIV in 1749.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Brunson, Matthew (15 October 2008). 2009 Catholic Almanac. Our Sunday Visitor. p. 283. ISBN 9781592764419.
  2. ^ a b c d e McFadden, Robert (23 January 2013). "Cardinal Jozef Glemp of Poland Is Dead at 83". New York Times. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ Contemporary Poland, Volume 15. Polish Interpress Agency. 1981. p. 51. Retrieved 2017.
  4. ^ a b Scislowska, Monika (24 January 2013). "Ex-Polish Church Head, Cardinal Glemp, Dies at 83". ABC News. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ DELLA NUNZIATURA APOSTOLICA IN POLONIA Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine accessed 7 January 2007
  6. ^ Cardinal Jozef Glemp, longtime leader of Poland's Roman Catholic church, dies at 83. Fox News
  7. ^ Pogrzeb kard. Józefa Glempa: Msza ?a?obna w bazylice ?w. Krzy?a. Polska The Times
  8. ^ Dzi? ostatnie po?egnanie prymasa Józefa Glempa Archived 31 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Gazeta.pl
  9. ^ Uroczysto?ci pogrzebowe ?p. Kard. Józefa Glempa Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Ekai.pl
  10. ^ "Poland's Primate lambasts Radio Maryja". cardinalrating.com. Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ "Google Translate". google.com. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ McFadden, Robert (7 October 1991). "Glemp Pledges Better Interreligious Ties". New York Times. Retrieved 2017.

External links

Media related to Józef Glemp at Wikimedia Commons

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Józef Drzazga
Bishop of Warmia
1979-1981
Succeeded by
Jan W?adys?aw Obk
Preceded by
Stefan Wyszy?ski
Archbishop of Gniezno
1981-1992
Succeeded by
Henryk Muszy?ski
Preceded by
Stefan Wyszy?ski
Archbishop of Warsaw
1981-2006
Succeeded by
Stanis?aw Wielgus
Preceded by
---
Archbishop of Warsaw (apostolic administrator)
7 January 2007 - 3 March 2007
Succeeded by
Kazimierz Nycz
Preceded by
Stefan Wyszy?ski
Primate of Poland
1981-2009
Succeeded by
Henryk Muszy?ski
Preceded by
--
Great Prior Order of the Holy Sepulchre in Poland
1996-2013
Succeeded by
Andrzej Dziuba

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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