Jose De Los Reyes Berreyesa
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Jose De Los Reyes Berreyesa

José de los Reyes Berreyesa
Born(1785-01-06)6 January 1785
Died28 June 1846
ChildrenJosé de los Santos Berreyesa

José de los Reyes Berreyesa, also spelled Berrelleza (6 January 1785 - 28 June 1846), was born at Mission Santa Clara de Asís in Las Californias province of the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Spain (colonial México).

He was the third child and first son in the family of María Gertrudis Peralta and Nicolas Antonio Berrelleza.[1] He served as an army sergeant at El Presidio Real de San Francisco.

In 1805, he married María Zacarias Bernal at Mission Santa Clara. The couple had 13 children during 1807-1833, with 10 living past infancy.[1] They moved in 1834 to cultivate and hold land in the Almaden Valley, located in present day Santa Clara County, California.

Rancho San Vicente

In 1842, José de los Reyes Berreyesa received from Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado a grant giving him one square league, or 4,438 acres (18 km2), of the land he had been cultivating, called Rancho San Vicente. It was located at the south end of Almaden Valley, near the Santa Teresa Hills.

The grant included a large section of the rocky hills upon which a rich source of mercury-carrying cinnabar ore was found in 1844-1845. The discovery was made public and the New Almaden quicksilver mine (mercury mine) began producing a small amount of rich ore in 1846. Mercury was an important part of gold and silver mining operations, and was in demand the world over, and especially after 1848 in the California gold fields.

The neighboring grant, Rancho Los Capitancillos, was held by Justo Laros who claimed the mercury mine was part of his land.[2] Andres Castillero also claimed the mercury mine was part of his land.

Robert Walkinshaw and some other men squatted on the rancho land in February 1845, and began to take lumber and limestone away to sell in August.[3]

Bear Flag Revolt

In 1846, during the Bear Flag Revolt, three of the Californio sons of José de los Reyes Berreyesa were imprisoned by John C. Frémont in Sonoma, California, where one of the sons, José de los Santos Berreyesa, had been serving as alcalde.[4] Accompanied by two cousins, twin sons of Francisco de Haro, the 61-year-old father went to see how his sons were being treated in prison. After they landed their boat in San Rafael, the three men were shot and killed by three of Frémont's men, including Kit Carson,[4] and they were stripped of their belongings.[5] When asked by prisoner José de los Santos Berreyesa whether their father had been killed, Frémont said it might have been a man named Castro. A soldier of Frémont's was seen wearing the elder Berreyesa's serape, and Frémont refused to assist José de los Santos Berreyesa in retrieving it as a final token of their father to give to their mother. The three brothers resorted to buying the serape from the soldier for the extortionate price of $25.[5]

Later, Carson told Jasper O'Farrell that he regretted killing the Californios, but that the act was only one such that Frémont ordered him to commit.[5]

See also


  1. ^ a b Descendants of Luis Cayetano (Berrelleza) Berreyesa Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 14 August 2009.
  2. ^ The Fossat or Quicksilver Mine Case, U.S. Supreme Court, 69 U.S. 2 Wall. 649 649 (1864)
  3. ^ The United States vs. Andres Castillero: "New Almaden" : transcript of the record, Volume 1. United States District Court, California, Northern District. 1859.
  4. ^ a b Eldridge, Zoeth Skinner. The Beginnings of San Francisco: From the Expedition of Anza, 1774, to the City Charter of April 15, 1850 : with Biographical and Other Notes, Z.S. Eldredge, 1912, pp. 406-408.
  5. ^ a b c Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner. The Beginnings of San Francisco, 1912. "Appendix D: The Murder of Berreyesa and the De Haros." Hosted at SFGenealogy. Retrieved on 16 August 2009.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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