|Royal Jordanian Army|
Flag of the Royal Jordanian Army
|Size||90,000 Active (2012 est.)|
60,000 Reserve (2012 est.)
|Colors||KA2 Desert Digital|
KA2 Arid/Woodland Digital
KA2 SF Woodland Digital
|Lieutenant General Mahmoud Freihat|
The Royal Jordanian Army (Arabic , "Jordanian Ground Forces") is part of the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF). It draws its origins from units such as the Arab Legion, formed in the British Mandate of Transjordan in the 1920s. It has seen combat against Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973. The Army also fought the Syrians and the PLO during Black September in 1970.
On 10 June 1916, Sherif Hussien Bin Ali prince of Mecca, officially declared the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire to rid Arab nations of the Turkish rule that had lasted about four centuries.
On 21 November 1920, Prince Abdullah Bin Al-Hussien (later King) arrived at Ma'an, where he expressed his resolution to drive out the Turkish forces from Syria. Later, on 5 December 1920, he proclaimed himself as deputy king in Syria and appealed to members of the Al-Faissali army to join his forces in Ma'an. His calls received much attention in the Arab world as several prominent Arab nationalists and other Arab princes joined his campaign; these later formed the embryonic force of the Arab legion.
Roles of Military Formations in Jordan from the Foundation of the Emirate until the 1948 Arab-Israeli War:
This army started with an infantry company, cavalry company, machine guns unit, signal section and military band. In 1923, the total strength of the army, which was under the command of British Captain Frederick Gerard Peake, did not exceed 750 men.
During 1930, the Arab Legion's strength was expanded to approximately 1,100. In 1931, a camel-mounted desert mobile force was organized under the command of John Bagot Glubb to maintain security and order.
This organization attracted numerous Bedouin volunteers. In 1933, the first mechanized force was formed. This element consisted of three vehicles and 120 men including the camel-mounted desert mobile force. It undertook the responsibility of maintaining security, preventing the raids among the tribal groups and deterring the raids from the outside.
By the eve of World War II, the legion had been expanded to a force of about 1,600 men. This legion took part in operations in Syria during the war. Independent companies were established in addition to a regular battalion, which was later expanded to become the 1st Brigade.
In 1942, the 2nd battalion was formed, which later became the 2nd Brigade. The army continued its expansion in numbers and equipment.
In 1948, it consisted of two brigades; two garrisons and four battalions were merged to become six battalions. At this time, the army consisted of an infantry division, an artillery brigade, a mortar battery, an artillery battery, an engineer and signal battalion and a field aid unit.
After the announcement of the 1947 UN Partition Plan, and the disclosure of the British decision to leave Palestine on 15 May 1948, both warring sides (the Arabs and the Jews) began to make their military preparations for a forthcoming confrontation they believed would be inevitable.
In May 1948, the Arab countries decided to send their forces to assist the Palestinians. The Arab Legion entered Palestine with other Arab Forces on 15 May 1948 using the Allenby (King Hussein) bridge as they were advancing to cover the approaches from Jenin, in the north to Afula and from Al-Majame'a bridge on the Jordan River to Bissan and from there to Afula.
Units of the Arab Legion were engaged in several battles with the Jewish forces including the following:
King Hussein spared no pains at all to improve the army in terms of cadre and equipment, and in the early 1956 dismissed Glubb and Arab commanders assumed leadership posts in the army, most notably Habis Al-Majali.
In 1957, King Hussein ordered the establishment of the 4th infantry brigade and another of field artillery. In 1958, the heavy artillery was entered, In the same year, the Armoured Brigade was reorganized as an Armoured Division and, in 1961, it became the Armour Corps. During this period, the 40th Armoured Brigade, 60th Armoured Brigade and the Royal Guard Brigade were established.
On 11 September, an Israeli force infiltrated the Jordanian territories in the Al-Rahwa, Hebron sector, and attacked the police station there. After long clashes with a Jordanian unit from the Desert Guards, the Israeli force was forced to withdraw repulsed.
On 10 October 1956, an enemy force, estimated at a motorized infantry brigade, supported by medium-range artillery and 10 combat aircraft, attacked the Arab towns of Hubla, Al-Nabi Illias and Azroun. The assaulting troops fought the Arab legion west of Al-Nabi Illias and were forced to withdraw to Qalqilia hills.
When Kuwait declared its independence from the Commonwealth on 19 June 1961, the Iraqi government announced that Kuwait was an integral part of its national territories. Following the end of Operation Vantage, the Arab league formed the Arab Emergency Force to protect Kuwait with the participation of Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Sudan, Jordan and Tunisia. The Jordanian participation included an infantry battalion reinforced by an anti-aircraft platoon and returned home on 13 December 1963.
On 13 November 1966, in response to a Fatah land mine incident two days prior, Israeli forces raided the Palestinian village of Samu (in the Muhafazat of Hebron) with an infantry brigade reinforced by two tank battalions and supported by artillery and combat aircraft. The Jordanian army suffered 16 dead, as well as material damages.
In 1965, King Hussein ordered the formation of five infantry brigades. The army was divided into two fronts: Western front and Eastern front, ten infantry battalions were concentrated on both fronts.
In 1967, a new armoured brigade was established. The artillery brigade was recognized to have consisted of three field artillery battalions and an anti-aircraft battalion.
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Believing that Israel was a becoming more of a threat, Egypt declared a state of emergency and started to concentrate its forces in the Sinai desert. In addition to that, Jordan signed a mutual defense agreement with Egypt. Consequently, Israel ordered the full mobilisation of its forces on 25 May 1967. As a result, the Arab Jordan Army was placed on maximum alert.
The operational Strengths Of Opposing Forces on the Jordanian Front included:
When the military operations were over on both Egyptian and Syrian fronts, Israel redeployed a part of its forces from these fronts to the Jordanian front.
At 0730 hrs. on 5 June 1967, the Israelis surprised the Arab states with a series of continuous air strikes directed at Arab airfields. As a result, most of the Arab air force was neutralized.
Amid the battles in Jerusalem was the Battle of Ammunition Hill; 71 Jordanian soldiers died. Eventually, the Jordanian Army was driven from East Jerusalem.
After the 1967 war, the army was rearmed. In 1968, the army defended Jordan against Israeli troops that had invaded Jordanian territory in pursuit of Palestinian guerrillas - the Battle of Karameh. Palestinians claim a victory just for resisting Israeli troops; the Jordanians say that they forced the Israelis back; the Israelis say that they pulled back after hitting the Palestinians at which time they were bombed by the Jordanians.
Daily clashes continued on the Jordanian Front after the 1967 war until the mid 1970s - the War of Attrition. The most famous one was the Battle of Karameh. In 1968, Israeli forces crossed the border and advanced on the town of Karameh. The Jordanian army mobilized and a battle broke out between the Jordanian army and the IDF. The Israeli forces retreated after a heavy bombardment.'
September 1970 is known as Black September in Arab history. In September 1970, King Hussein moved to quash an attempt by armed Palestinian insurgents to overthrow his monarchy. The violence resulted in civilian casualties on both sides. Armed conflict lasted until July 1971 ending only when remaining Palestinian insurgents were surrounded in the Ajloun-Jarash mountains, finally surrendered to the Jordan army and were expelled from the country.' In October 1970, the Ba'athist regime in neighboring Syria had attempted to intervene in support of the Palestinians by sending an armoured column into the north of Jordan. Jordanian ground and air forces were able to halt this advance and a combination of international political pressure and discord within the Syrian military led to a Syrian retreat.
In the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the 40th Armoured Brigade was sent to the Syrian front.
Since the major reorganisation of 1977, the Royal Jordanian Army has kept the 5th Armoured Division deployed between the Iraqi border and Ramtha on the Syrian border, the 12th Mechanized Division deployed from Ramtha through Umm Qays to the Zarqa River in a defensive posture that covers both Israel and Syria and the 4th Mechanized Division deployed from the Zarqa River, north of As-Salt to the Dead Sea facing Israel. The 3rd Armoured Division acts as both the strategic reserve and the main protection against any internal disturbances. It has units deployed at Zarqa in the north; near the capital Amman (along with a brigade of Royal Guards made up of hand-picked troops from Bedouin tribes known for their long-standing loyalty to the crown), and at Qatraneh in the south covering the route into Saudi Arabia.
In 1996, the Jordanian Army finally established a Special Operations Command, the brain-child of Abdullah (then a serving Army officer). It is tasked to deal with a possible Palestinian uprising and the growth of Islamic terrorism. This powerful force now includes the 71st and 101st Special Force Battalions, the 81st and 91st Paracommando Battalions and both electronic warfare and helicopter support units."
The army's organizational structure was traditionally based on two armoured divisions and two mechanized divisions. These have been transformed into a lighter, more mobile forces, based largely on a brigade structure and considered more capable of rapid reaction in emergencies.
Due to the critical position of Jordan (sandwiched between Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Israel), Jordan maintains a strong defensive army, with four regional commands, the Northern command, the Central Command, the Eastern Command and the Southern Command. As of August 2004, the army was reported to be 88,000 strong, and the Northern Command is reported to consist of (2 mech, 1 infantry, 1 artillery, 1 AD brigade), the Southern Command (1 armd, 1 infantry brigade), the Central Command (1 mech, 1 lt. inf, 1 arty, 1 AD brigade), the Eastern Command (2 mech, 1 arty, 1 AD brigade), and a strategic reserve (1 Royal armoured division with 3 armd, 1 arty, 1 AD brigades). An armoured division has become the core element of a strategic reserve. Each command is controlled by its Field General, but all of the commands are under the King of Jordan's control.
Currently Royal Jordanian Army is restructuring its armoured units. 80 upgraded second-hand Italian Centauro 105mm 8x8 Mobile Gun Systems and 50 German Marder 1A3 infantry fighting vehicles will equip two battalions. Challenger 1 MBTs equipping four battalions will be retired and only the M60A3s will remain in the service.
His Majesty King Abdullah II is the Supreme Commander of the Jordanian Armed Forces. This authority is vested in the king by the Jordanian Constitution of 1952. He exercises the right to appoint and dismiss all members of the High Command of Jordan's Armed forces, and has the authority to exercise command and control over all units of the armed forces.
The Headquarters of Jordan's military is called the Armed Forces General Command and is located in Amman. This headquarters is under the supervision of the Chief of the General Staff, who is appointed by the king. He exercises general responsibility for the day to day command, control and administration of the military and reports directly to the king as Supreme Commander.
Chiefs of Staff is a group of officers qualified militarily and technically working to advise the commander and assist in decision-making, they translate decision of the commander to orders and instructions and they are responsible for monitoring the implementation and size varies Chiefs of Staff of the unit level and the level of formations and at the level of the General Command represents assistant chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff group Chiefs of Staff, as follows:
The Jordanian Army has four Regional Commands (Northern, Central, Eastern and Southern), Rapid Intervention Brigade, Special Forces Group and Special Royal Guard Command.
The Army have a full range of combat and combat supporting corps, including the Royal Maintenance Corps. Today's Jordanian military ranks are based on those of the British Army, given Jordan's military heritage.
The Jordanian military also contributes to UN peacekeeping missions worldwide, having sent contingents to Africa, Afghanistan, Croatia, Bosnia, parts of the former Soviet Union, and even as far as Haiti and East Timor. The Jordanian military has established a regional center of excellence with regards to special forces training, having received training from both the United Kingdom and the United States. Jordanian Special Forces have trained counterparts from Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Yemen.
Kenneth Pollack, a U.S. military analyst, wrote in c.2002 that 'from 1948 to 1956, the Arab Legion was far superior to any of the other Arab militaries. In battle, it generally gave as good as it got, and the Israelis considered it their most dangerous adversary. However, after 1956, the Jordanian capabilities began to decline. In 1967, they performed worse than in 1948, although the exceptional performance of the 40th Armoured Brigade and a number of Israeli mistakes helped disguise the deterioration somewhat. Thereafter Jordanian capabilities continued to gradually erode.'
|Tank Battalion||Al-Hussein, M60 Phoenix, M577, M106A2||Two battalions per Armoured Brigade (4 Btn. - Al-Hussein), One battalion per Mechanized Brigade (4 Btn. - M60 Phoenix).|
|Mechanized Infantry Battalion (APC)||YPR-765, M113A2MK-1J, M577A2, M901 ITV, M106A2, Humvee, FMTV, DAF Military Trucks||Two or Three Battalions per Mechanized Brigade.|
|Armoured Infantry Battalion (IFV)||Marder 1A3, YPR-765 pri, M577A2, YPR-765 prat, M106A2||One Battalion per Armoured Brigade|
|Border Guard Battalion||MRAP, M113A2MK-1J, Humvee, Al-Thalab, Desert Iris, DAF Military Trucks||four to five battalions per Border Guard Brigade, two to three battalions per Border Guard Group, one battalion in Central Command|
|Special Mission Battalion||Saxon APC, Humvee, Desert Iris, FMTV, DAF Military Trucks||15th, 16th, 20th Special Mission Battalions, subordinated to Special Royal Guard Command|
|Rapid Intervention Battalion (QRF)||MRAP, Humvee, FMTV||61st Royal Raiders Battalion, 81st & 91st Rapid Intervention battalions under Rapid Intervention / High Readiness Brigade|
|Special Forces Unit (JSOC)||Humvee, Al-Thalab, GMC Suburban, AL-Jawad MKIV, FMTV||Special Unit I - Special Operation, Special Unit II- CT under King Abdullah II Special Forces Group|
|Self-Propelled Artillery||M109A2 Howitzer, M113A2, M577A2, M901 ITV, M35, DAF Military Trucks||One Battalion per Armoured Brigade or Mechanized Brigade, Three battalions per Command Artillery.|
|Heavy Self-Propelled Artillery||M110A2 Howitzer, M113A2, M577A2, M901 ITV, M35, DAF Military Trucks||One battalion per Command Artillery.|
|Rocket Artillery Battalion||HIMARS, WM-120 MLRS, Humvee, FMTV, DAF Military Trucks||28th MLRS, 29th MLRS Battalions|
|Target Acquisition Battalion||TPQ-36, TPQ-37, M35, DAF Military Trucks|
|Field ADA Battalion||Pantsir-S1E, Strela-10, PTRL, M163 Vulcan, ZSU-23-4 Shilka, Igla-S, 9K38 Igla||Two battalions per AD Group.|
|Military Police Group||Humvee, Toyota land cruiser||Northern, Central, Southern, Capital Military Police Groups|
|Engineer Battalion||M113A2, M35, CEV, Armoured Tracked Bulldozer (CAT D6T, D7G/R, D8R, D9, Komatsu D155A), Wheeled Bulldozer (CAT 924H, 966C/D/F/G/H, Komatsu WA300-1, WA320, WA380-3A, W470-3), excavators, graders (CAT 12G, 120M), dump trucks, Backhoe loaders, loaders, M58 MICLIC, Aardvark JSFU, M35, DAF Military Trucks, Combat Dozer UDK1 and Bomb disposal robots.||One Engineer Battalion per Command.|
|Supply & Transport Battalion||FMTV, M35, M800 & M900 Trucks, DAF Military Trucks, Fuel Tankers, Toyota Trucks and many other vehicles.||One Supply & Transport battalion per Command.|
|Command & Control & Communication Group||M577A2, M113A2, Humvee, RG-12, DAF Military Trucks||One Group per Command, one Group for Army Headquarter.|
|Medical Support Group||M113A2 Ambulance, HMMWV M997 Ambulance, Toyota Land Cruiser Ambulance, Mobile Field Hospitals on trucks.||One Medical Support Group per command.|
|Maintenance Group||M113A2, M88 Recovery Vehicle, M578 Light Recovery Vehicle, AL Monjed ARV, Chieftain ARV, YPR-806, M109 Van, M35 Trucks, M800 & M900 Trucks, DAF Military Trucks||One Maintenance Group per command.|
|Construction Group||Wheeled bulldozer, M35, DAF Military Trucks, excavators, dump trucks, Backhoe loaders, loaders.||One Construction Group per command and General Construction Group.|
|Administrative Transport Group||One Administrative Transport Group per command.|
|AFV Transporter Group||Heavy Equipment Transport System, Scammell Commander||Used to transport heavy equipment and armoured units.|
|Main Transportation Groups||FMTV, Fuel Tankers, Water Tankers, Toyota Trucks and many other vehicles.|
|Electricity & Water Group|
|Electronic Warfare Group|
|Chemical Support Group|
Volunteers and conscripts receive 14 weeks of basic training in military skills and discipline. This is followed by more advanced training in weaponry and various specialities, such as artillery, communications and engineering, after the recruit is assigned to a permanent unit. Soldiers who qualify for promotion undertake courses at a general NCO school. They may then avail themselves of courses in more specialised centres where there is training in armour, artillery, engineering and logistics. Special Forces personnel are trained in a branch of the infantry school.
Officer cadets are trained at the Mutah Military University, which was established in the town of Mutah, south of Amman, in the 1980s. A cadet who successfully completes the four-year course is commissioned as a second lieutenant. Advanced courses for officer training are provided at two centres near Amman - the Jordanian Staff College and the War College. Generally, officers from senior captain to lieutenant colonel attend the Staff College, where they can earn a BA degree in military science, while more senior officers study at the War College, where a master's degree is offered.
Many Jordanian officers study abroad - at the US Army General Staff College, or at the British Army Staff College, and many Jordanian cadets have graduated from the UK's Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. Members of the Jordanian Royal Family have a tradition of attending Sandhurst. The late King Hussein graduated from the college in 1952; he was followed by his son, the present ruler King Abdullah in 1981; his daughter Aisha, now head of the Royal Jordanian Army Women's Corps, in 1987; his son Prince Ali in 1994; Crown Prince Hamzeh in 1999 and Prince Hashem, half-brother of King Abdullah, in 2000. In addition, both officers and non-commissioned officers attend specialised courses abroad.
The British Government arranges for senior Jordanian officers to attend the Royal College for Defence Studies in the UK. Britain's special relationship with Jordan has remained strong - this was underlined by the provision by the British Army of two short-term training teams to Jordan to advise and oversee the transition and the conversion training of the Jordan Armed Forces on the Al-Hussein/Challenger 1 tanks supplied as part of Britain's military assistance to the kingdom.
British and Jordanian units regularly carry out joint training exercises in Jordan. The kingdom provides British Army units based in Cyprus with the opportunity to train in a desert environment, alongside Jordanian units. It has become a regular practice for two British Army infantry battalions based in Cyprus to exercise in Jordan every year between August and October. The US has provided significant assistance towards the training of Jordanian military personnel. Under the US International Military Education and Training Program (IMET), USD2 million was allotted to the training programme for Jordan in 2002, making it one of the largest IMET programmes of its kind in the world.
The 2002 IMET grant facilitated the training in the US of more than 200 Jordanian military personnel. Jordanian personnel are trained to a very high standard and Jordan's military training has a very high reputation in the Arab world, to the extent that many Arab states (as well as states beyond the Arab world) have sent personnel to be trained at Jordan's military schools. In recent years, personnel from the following countries have been to Jordan for military training: Bahrain, Egypt, France, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Pakistan, South Korea, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates.
Secret military exchanges between Jordan and Taiwan, which had been going on for many years, were revealed in late 1999 after a Jordanian army NCO was killed in a parachute accident in Taiwan. Jordan has diplomatic relations with China but none with Taiwan. Reports in November 1999 indicated that Jordan sent two groups of about 10 servicemen to Taiwan every year for intensive military training, which included parachuting sessions in Pingtung County's Tsochou township, where the accident happened, jungle combat drills in Taichung County's mountainous Kukuan area, as well as winter training in the snow in Taiwan's Central Mountain Range. It was revealed that military exchanges between the two countries began in the mid-1950s, when Taiwan sent instructors to Jordan to help train its F-5 fighter pilots.
The quality of instructors from the Special Operations Command (SOCOM) is highly regarded abroad, especially in the Arab world. SOCOM instructors have been providing training in Jordan to special operations troops from a range of Arab countries, including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, Libya, Algeria, Morocco and Lebanon. It is understood that Jordanian instructors have also provided training in the UAE to that country's troops. In April 2002, Jordanian special operations instructors left for Yemen to assist US forces in training Yemeni forces to fight terrorism.
Jordan has set up a centre specialising in training for special operations personnel. The King Abdullah Special Operations Training Centre is based at Yajooz, Amman.
In April 2004 the Jordan Armed Forces (JAF) established a new committee to further its plans for the creation of a unified national training centre. It was proposed that this combined arms training centre would group together simulation equipment for training infantry, armour and artillery personnel, from the individual to the collective training stages.
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The present day Jordanian Army is equipped with mainly Western (US and British) supplied weapons.
The Jordanian Army is equipped with a mix of British and American tanks, including the Al-Hussein, Khalid and M-60 Phoenix. The older Centurion tank and M-48A5 series are phased out, as the Challenger and M-60A3 undergo further upgrades.
Current projects carried out by KADDB include integration of the Phoenix digital fire and control system and a revised turret for the M-60A3 (featuring ERA of unknown origin) along RUAG L50/52 Smooth-bore Compact Gun to replace the Rifled 120mm L15A1 and 105mm L7/M68 gun of the Challenger 1 and M-60A3 respectively. The Projects have also been offered for export and existing M-60 users such as Egypt or Saudi Arabia have shown interest in KADDB.
The M113A2MK-1J remains a standard APC and are being supplanted by AIFV and local vehicles, including the MAP II and Al-Temsah (Crocodile, an APC conversion of a Centurion tank chassis). 24-28 AH-1S/F 'Cobra' equip Army aviation and are equipped with TOW II ATGW and capable of night-time operations since been upgraded. Earlier the Bofors 40 mm gun was also used.
Personal Equipment includes the US-supplied M-16 rifles (mainly A2 and some A3/A4), M-4A1, Taiwanese T65 assault rifles and T86 carbines, Browning HP automatic pistols; however, some units utilise the relatively uncommon Beretta Italian SS70/223 (the standard carbine of the Public Security Department and Police Force). The M-60 and FN-MAG are carried as the GPMG. The Badia forces generally carry the M-14 on camel back.
|Main Battle Tank|
|M60 Patton||United States, Jordan||Main Battle Tank||182||The M60 Phoenix is a Jordanian upgrade of the M60A3 main battle tank. It was developed by KADDB. Jordan upgraded four battalions with total 182 tanks.|
|M60A1/M60 Phoenix||82||36 Captured from Iran during the Iran-Iraq War and transferred by Saddam Hussein to Jordan on 1980- In storage, +20 Converted to Al-Monjed A2 ARV by KADDB.|
|Al-Hussein||United Kingdom, Jordan||392 ~ 402 ||The Challenger 1 (Al-Hussein) is the Jordanian Army's battle proven main battle tank upgraded by KADDB.|
|Khalid||274 + 90 ||The Khalid is essentially the Chieftain FV4030/2 MBT with minor modifications to suit Jordanian requirements, currently all in storage. Jordan received 90 captured Iranian Chieftain tanks from Iraq after Iran-Iraq War but never used.|
|Tariq||293||in storage, some converted to MAP II Heavy Armoured APC by KADDB.|
|Armoured Personnel Carrier|
|ACV-S||Turkey||Armoured Personnel Carrier||100|
|FV103 Spartan||United Kingdom||100|
|M113A2MK-1J||United States||+1,300||Upgraded to Jordan configuration, including 70 M106A2, 93 M901 ITV, 7 M1059 |
|AIFV||213||165 YPR-765 pri.50 including YPR-806 prbrg ARV from Netherlands|
|M577||Command Vehicle||+300||Command vehicle based on the M113, 200 M577A2 received from US in 2012.|
|Infantry Fighting Vehicle|
|AIFV||United States||Infantry Fighting Vehicle||233||220 YPR-765 pri 25mm IFV from Netherlands|
|Ratel IFV||South Africa||341||20mm / twin gun 23mm |
|FV101 Scorpion||United Kingdom||Armoured Fighting Vehicle||50||50 Scorpion's received from Belgium in 2001, 4x AT-14 Kornet-E Ready to launch. (Upgraded By JERSCO) |
|FV107 Scimitar||175||Jordan had 75 Scimitar and obtained over 100 Scimitars in a 2006 deal that netted the British $20 million |
|M109A2||United States||Self-propelled Howitzer||341||121 M109A2-90 From Netherlands|
|HIMARS||Rocket Artillery||12 ||12 launchers with 432 guided missiles, option for additional 12 launchers.|
|WM-120 MLRS||24||The system has a maximum range of 120 km. (It appeared in a military drill conducted by JAF)|
|Hanwha-70||Jordan South Korea||20||Hanwha-70 70mm MLRS produced by Hanwha & KADDB|
|Pantsir-S1E||Russia||Self-propelled Air Defense||According to what Jane's Defence Weekly reported in 2007 a complete Russian Pantsir-S1 short-range air-defence system was being field tested in Jordan and that the kingdom is set to place an order.Army-Technology reported that Jordan placed an order for an undisclosed number of systems.Russia Today reported Jordan as being a customer for Pantsir-S1, and that they were likely to purchase between 50-75 combat vehicles.|
|9K33 Osa||Soviet Union||48||Upgraded to OSA-AKM - Financed by Saddam Hussein in 1982 as reward for Jordanian volunteer unit fighting against Iran.|
|9K35 Strela-10||50||Upgraded by JELS - Financed by Saddam Hussein in 1982 as reward for Jordanian volunteer unit fighting against Iran.|
|ZSU-23-4 Shilka||SPAAG||48 ||Financed by Saddam Hussein in 1982 as reward for Jordanian volunteer unit fighting against Iran.|
|M163 Vulcan||United States||181||81 VADS transferred from Belgium to Jordan in 2005|
|PTRL||West Germany||60||60 have been bought from withdrawn Dutch surplus for 21 million dollars.|
|Igla-S||Soviet Union||MANPADS||182||182 Dzhigit launchers (2x Igla-S) with Sagem vision on Light vehicles.|
|Light Armoured Vehicle|
|Nimr||United Arab Emirates||Multipurpose Utility Vehicle||+500|
|Desert Iris||Jordan||450 |
|Al-Thalab (Fox) LRPV||200|
|Humvee||United States||+600||250 M998A0 HMMWVs, 50 M1165A1B3 HMMWVs  received from US in 2013|
|MaxxPro MRAP||Medium Mine Protected Vehicle||100|
|Cougar CAT II MRAP||149||57 Cougar CAT II, 5 Cougar CAT II EOD, 10 Cougar CAT II ENG W/O ISS, 41 Cougar CAT II Surge W/O ISS, 16 Cougar CAT II Surge with ISS and 20 Cougar CAT II ENG with ISS. (ISS: Improved Suspension)|
|RG-33L MRAP||South Africa||39||39 RG-33L MRAP From US in 2012.|
|Jeep J8||United States||Light Utility & Patrol Vehicle||Jordanian Armed Forces are set to receive an undisclosed number of Jeep J8 Patrol |
|LTATV||Jordan||All Terrain Vehicle||50||KADDB has already received orders for 50 ATVs.|
|Matador (mine protected vehicle)||South Africa||Mine Protected Vehicle||50|
|Ferret Hybrid||United Kingdom||Wheeled Armoured Vehicle||50||Upgraded by KADDB.|
|Mbombe||South Africa||0(50)||On order.|
|M901 ITV||United States||Tank destroyer||93 ||Numbers of M901 ITV might be much higher than 93.|
|YPR-765 prat||+55||+55 YPR-765 with Tow Under Armor (TUA) received from Netherlands|
|BGM-71 TOW||Anti-tank missile||339||Jordan received 320 ITOW launchers in 1982 and 19 launchers in 1999. These launchers were removed from the M151 Jeep and modified by KADDB and re-installed on Desert Iris, HMMWV.|
|M41 TOW ITAS||285||285 M41 TOW ITAS on HMMWV received from USA in 2004 |
|M47 Dragon||310||3080 MAP missiles|
|FGM-148 Javelin||192||30 CLUs with 116 missiles delivered,162 CLUs with 1808 missiles being delivered.|
|RPG-26||Soviet Union||3,000 ||will be replaced by Nashab|
|RPG-27||6,000 ||will be replaced by Nashab|
|RPG-32||Russia||25,000||15,000 training units (Jordan will manufacture 60,000 Nashab units annually), the system name has been changed from Hashim to Nashab.|
|AT-14 Kornet||200||2,000 missiles |
|APILAS||France||2,300||will be replaced by Nashab|
|M712 Copperhead||United States||Precision-guided munitions||100 |
|W-86||China||Mortar||200||200 W-86 120mm mortar For JSOC|
|WW-90||375||375 WW-90 60mm mortar |
|PPT89||1275||1275 PPT89 60mm mortar|
|M29 mortar||United States||450|
|M106 mortar carrier||Mortar Carrier||70|
|Ground Radar & Surveillance System|
|TPQ-36||United States||Weapon Locating System||12|
|Flycatcher Mk1||Netherlands||Radar Fire Control System||11||Eleven Thales Nederland Flycatcher Mk1 Mobile Radar Fire Control Systems and 22 40mm Bofors L/70 guns from Netherlands.|
|Distant Sentry ||Italy United States||Surveillance System||Border Control System (Including Ground Radars, Towers, Sensors, IR Cameras and Aerostats)|
|Logistic and Engineering Vehicle|
|AL Monjed ARV||Jordan||Armoured Recovery Vehicles||20||AL-Monjed ARV based on M-60A1 tank|
|FV4204 ARV||United Kingdom||Armoured Recovery Vehicles||49|
|Leopard 1 ARV||West Germany||Armoured Recovery Vehicles||5||Five Leopard 1 armoured recovery vehicles will be handed over to Jordan from Netherlands together with two Leopard 1 main battle tanks (MBT), which will be used for spare parts.|
|M88 Recovery Vehicle||United States||Armoured Recovery Vehicles||52||22x M88A2 purchased from the U.S. Anniston Army Depot in April 2012 (to be rebuilt and, potentially, upgraded either at Anniston Army Depot or at the King Hussein Maintenance Facility in Jordan).|
|M578 Light Recovery Vehicle||Armoured Recovery Vehicles||30||used with M110A2 Howitzer|
|YPR-806 & M806||Armoured Recovery Vehicles||+90 ||24 M113 ARV received from Belgium in 2008 / 2010. +17 YPR-806 ARV received from Netherlands in 2012.|
|HEMTT||8x8 Off-road Heavy Cargo Truck|
|FMTV||Cargo truck||250 ~ 300||M1078, M1083, M1085A1, M1089, M1091|
|M35||2½ ton Cargo truck||1200||701 M35A2, 119 M35A2 WW, 226 M35A2 WOW, 50 M35A2C WOW, 74 M109A3 Van, 5 M35A2C WW, 25 M36A2 |
|M800 & M900 Truck||5 ton Cargo truck||400 ~ 600||refurbishment for M800 and M900 by JOMSS|
|DAF Trucks||Netherlands||4 ton & 10 ton Cargo truck||467||467 DAF4440/4442 and DAF YAK/YAS2300 trucks received from Netherlands.|
|Aardvark JSFU||United Kingdom||Mine Clearing||+12||Aardvark Mk 2/3 flail|
|Pearson Combat Dozer UDK1||Combat Dozer||+60||for Challenger-1 tank|
|Scammell Commander||Scammell Commander||100|
|M58 MICLIC||United States||Mine Clearing|
|Heavy Equipment Transport System||Heavy Equipment Transport System||215|
|M915A2||60||60 M915A2 received from US in 2012.|
|Caracal pistol||United Arab Emirates||9×19mm Parabellum||Pistol||Standard Issue Pistol. 8,000+ acquired.|
|Viper Jaws pistol|| United States
|9x19mm Luger||Pistol||Standard issue pistol for the Jordanian armed forces.|
|SIG Sauer P226||Germany||9×19mm||Pistol|||
|Austria||9×19mm||Pistol||Used By Royal Guard.|
|Beretta 92||Italy||9×19mm Parabellum||Pistol|||
|Heckler & Koch USP||Germany||9×19mm Parabellum||Pistol|||
|M4 carbine||United States||5.56×45mm NATO||Carbine||Standard Issue Assault Carbine. Sold as part of a 2007 Foreign Military Sales package. Additional M4s sold as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.|
|T86 assault rifle||Taiwan||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||Jordanian royal guards and special troops are reportedly armed with Taiwan made T86 carbines.|
|M16 rifle||United States||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle|||
|T91 assault rifle||Taiwan||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||The Jordanian Defense Forces had reportedly conducted comparison tests between several service rifles in a desert environment.|
|AK-74||Soviet Union||5.45×39mm||Assault rifle|||
|Heckler & Koch G3||Germany||7.62×51mm NATO||Assault rifle||Standard Issue Rifle.|
|Heckler & Koch G36||Germany||5.56×45mm||Assault rifle||Jordanian Special Operations Forces employ the G36C.|
|Heckler & Koch HK416||Germany||5.56×45mm NATO||Carbine||Used by Joint Special Operations Command (Jordan) only |
|Benelli M4||Italy||12 gauge||Shotgun||Standard shotgun.|
|Remington Model 870||United States||12 gauge||Shotgun|
|VSS Vintorez||Soviet Union||9×39mm||Sniper rifle||Used by Special forces since 2002.|
|Steyr SSG 69||Austria||7.62×51mm NATO||Sniper rifle|||
|DPMS Panther LR308||United States||5.56×45mm NATO||Sniper rifle|||
|12.7 RSTKIV 2000||United States||.50 BMG||Anti materiel Semi Automatic Sniper system||Barrett M82A1 Versions.|
|Sako TRG||Finland||.260 Remington
.338 Lapua Magnum
|Sniper rifle||The TRG-22 and TRG-42 sniper rifles are used by Jordanian Royal Special Forces SRR-61 (Special Reconnaissance Regiment).|
|Barrett M95||United States||.50 BMG||Sniper rifle||Employed by Jordanian Special Operations Forces.|
|McMillan TAC-50||United States||.50 BMG||Sniper rifle||Used by SRR-61 (Special Reconnaissance Regiment).|
|Heckler & Koch MP5||Germany||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Used by Special Forces.|
|Heckler & Koch MP7||Germany||HK 4.6×30mm||Submachine gun|||
|Heckler & Koch UMP||Germany||9×19mm||Submachine gun||Used by Jordanian Special Operations Forces.|
|Heckler & Koch HK21||Germany||7.62×51mm NATO||General-purpose machine gun||HK21A1 variant.|
|M60 machine gun||United States||7.62×51mm NATO||General-purpose machine gun|||
|M240 machine gun||United States||7.62×51mm NATO||General-purpose machine gun|||
|M2 Browning Machine Gun||United States||.50BMG||Heavy machine gun||1,261+ acquired. In use on tripods and as flexible gun on M113A2 Mk 1J armoured personnel carrier and other armoured vehicles.|
|FN MAG||Belgium||7.62×51mm NATO||General-purpose machine gun||Standard Issue General-purpose Machine Gun.|
|Mk 19 grenade launcher||United States||40mm||Grenade machine gun||used by Royal Guard.|
|Milkor MGL||South Africa||40mm||Grenade launcher||Limited use by CTB-71 and other JSOC.|
|M203 grenade launcher||United States||40mm||Grenade launcher|||
The attack on Gesher settlements...[by Transjordan]
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