Jonathan-Raphaël Bischoffsheim (26 April 1808 - 5 February 1883) was a Belgian banker, businessman and philanthropist.
He descended from the Bischoffsheim family, which was endowed with an exceptional European network. On 11 June 1832, he married Henriette Goldschmidt (1812-1892) in Brussels, and together they had four children: Claire (1833-1899), Regine (1834-?), Ferdinand Raphaël (1837-1909), and Hortense Henriette (1843-1901).
In 1827, he co-founded the bank of Bischoffsheim & Goldschmidt. He played an important role for the finances and the institutions during the early years of Belgian independence. Bisschoffsheim was a Director of the Banque de Belgique and was one of the founders of the National Bank of Belgium, the regional tramways and managed the Communal Credit (Dutch: Gemeentekrediet; French: Credit Communal) and the Caisse Generale d'Epargne et de Retraite (CGER or ASLK).
Together with his brother Louis-Raphaël Bischoffsheim (1800-1873), he founded the bank which eventually developed into Paribas bank. From 1862 until 1883, he was also a Liberal member of the Belgian Parliament, and as such was influential in the development of the public education network.