John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont
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John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont

The Earl of Egmont

John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont by Thomas Hudson.jpg
First Lord of the Admiralty

1763-1766
The Earl of Sandwich
Sir Charles Saunders
Postmaster General

1762-1763
The Earl of Bessborough
Robert Hampden-Trevor
The Lord Hyde
Robert Hampden-Trevor
Member of Parliament for Ilchester

1761-1761
Thomas Lockyer
Joseph Tolson Lockyer
William Wilson
Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Member of Parliament for Bridgwater

1754-1762
George Dodington
Robert Balch
Viscount Perceval
Edward Southwell
Member of Parliament for Weobly

1747-1754
Serving with Savage Mostyn
Mansel Powell
Savage Mostyn
John Craster
Savage Mostyn
Member of Parliament for Westminster

1741-1747
Serving with Charles Edwin
Sir Charles Wager
The Lord Sundon
Viscount Trentham
Sir Peter Warren
Member of Parliament for Dingle

1731-1749
Thomas Crosbie
John FitzGerald
Sir William Fownes, Bt
Robert FitzGerald
Personal details
Born
John Perceval

(1711-02-25)25 February 1711
Died4 December 1770(1770-12-04) (aged 59)
Pall Mall, London
Spouse(s)
Lady Catherine Cecil
(m. 1737; her death 1752)

Catherine Compton
(m. 1756; his death 1770)
Children16
ParentsJohn Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont
Catherine Parker
ResidenceEnmore Castle

John Perceval, 2nd Earl of Egmont, PC, FRS (25 February 1711 – 4 December 1770) was a British politician, political pamphleteer, and genealogist who served as First Lord of the Admiralty.

Early life

He was the son and heir of John Perceval, 1st Earl of Egmont, by his wife Catherine Parker. He was baptised at the Palace of Westminster, London. His two siblings were Lady Catharine Perceval (wife of Thomas Hanmer MP of The Fenns) and Lady Helena Perceval (wife of John Rawdon, 1st Earl of Moira).[1]

His paternal grandparents were Sir John Perceval, 3rd Baronet of Lohort Castle and the former Catherine Dering (daughter of Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet). His maternal grandparents were Sir Philip Parker, 2nd Baronet of Arwarton and the former Mary Fortray (a daughter of landowner and author Samuel Fortrey of Byall Fen).[1]

He succeeded his father in 1748 as 2nd Earl of Egmont in the Peerage of Ireland.[1]

Career

Enmore Castle, 1779

Perceval sat in the Irish House of Commons for Dingle between 1731 and 1749. In April 1748, he was created Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. He was made a Privy Counsellor in January 1755.[2]

He sat in the Parliament of Ireland for Dingle (1731-49) and in the House of Commons for Westminster (1741-47), Weobley (1747-54) and Bridgwater (1754-62). In 1762 he was created Baron Lovel and Holland, of Enmore in the County of Somerset, in the Peerage of Great Britain, which gave him an automatic seat in the House of Lords.[3]

He was appointed joint Postmaster-General for 1762-3 alongside Robert Hampden, 4th Baron Trevor[] and served as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1763 to 1766.[4]

From 1751 to 1757, he designed and created Enmore Castle at Enmore in Somerset, which received "the dismissive mockery of Horace Walpole".[5]

Personal life

Arms of Perceval, Earls of Egmont: Quarterly 1st & 4th: Argent, on a chief indented gules three crosses patée of the field (Perceval); 2nd & 3rd: Barry nebulée of six or and gules (Lovel)[6]

Perceval married twice. His first marriage was on 15 February 1737 to Lady Catherine Cecil, who was the second daughter of James Cecil, 5th Earl of Salisbury. Before death on 16 August 1752, aged 33, they had five sons and two daughters:[7]

  • John Perceval, 3rd Earl of Egmont (1738-1822), eldest son and heir
  • Cecil Parker Perceval (b. 1739), who died at Eton College on 4 March 1753
  • Philip Tufton Perceval (b. 1742), a captain in the Royal Navy
  • Edward Perceval, (1744-1824), a captain in the Royal Dragoon Guards, who married Sarah Howarth, daughter of John Howarth, in 1775.
  • Frederick Augustus Perceval (1749-1757), who died in childhood.
  • Catherine Perceval (d. 1782), who married Thomas Wynn (1736-1807) (afterwards 1st Baron Newborough), in 1766.
  • Margaret Perceval (d. 1750), who died an infant.[1]
John, 2nd Earl of Egmont and His Second Wife Catherine.

His second marriage was to Catherine Compton, the third daughter of the Hon. Charles Compton, on 26 January 1756. By Catherine Compton he had three sons and six daughters as follows:[1]

Lord Perceval died 4 December 1770 at Pall Mall, London, aged 59. Following his death, his widow was created on 23 May 1770 Baroness Arden of Lohort Castle in the county of Cork in the peerage of Ireland, with remainder to her heirs male. She survived her husband and died at Langley, Buckinghamshire, on 11 June 1784, aged 53.[8]

Legacy

Mount Egmont in New Zealand was named after him by James Cook in recognition of his encouragement of Cook's first voyage. Since the 2000s, the mountain has returned to its original Maori name, Taranaki.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Egmont, Earl of (I, 1733 - 2011)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Barker, George Fisher Russell (1895). "Perceval, John (1683-1748)" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 44. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Egmont, Earls of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 18.
  4. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  5. ^ Against the Time in Which the Fabric and Use of Gunpowder Shall Be Forgotten: Enmore Castle, Its Origins and Its Architect - Tim Mowl 1990
  6. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.409
  7. ^ Wilkinson, Clive. "Perceval, John, second earl of Egmont (1711-1770)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21912.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  8. ^ Barker 1895.
  9. ^ "Egmont National Park - Things to see and do - Taranaki | New Zealand". www.newzealand.com. Retrieved 2020.

External links

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Thomas Crosbie
John FitzGerald
Member of Parliament for Dingle
1731-1749
With: John FitzGerald 1731-1741
Robert FitzGerald 1741-1749
Succeeded by
Sir William Fownes, Bt
Robert FitzGerald
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Charles Wager
The Lord Sundon
Member of Parliament for Westminster
1741-1747
With: Charles Edwin
Succeeded by
Viscount Trentham
Sir Peter Warren
Preceded by
Mansel Powell
Savage Mostyn
Member of Parliament for Weobly
1747-1754
With: Savage Mostyn
Succeeded by
John Craster
Savage Mostyn
Preceded by
George Dodington
Robert Balch
Member of Parliament for Bridgwater
1754-1762
With: Robert Balch 1754-1761
Edward Southwell 1761-1762
Succeeded by
Viscount Perceval
Edward Southwell
Preceded by
Thomas Lockyer
Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Member of Parliament for Ilchester
1761
With: Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Succeeded by
William Wilson
Joseph Tolson Lockyer
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Bessborough
Robert Hampden-Trevor
Postmaster General
1762-1763
with Robert Hampden-Trevor
Succeeded by
The Lord Hyde
Robert Hampden-Trevor
Preceded by
The Earl of Sandwich
First Lord of the Admiralty
1763-1766
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Saunders
Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
The Lord Melcombe
Vice-Admiral of Somerset
1766-1770
Vacant
Title next held by
The Duke of Somerset
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Perceval
Earl of Egmont
1748-1770
Succeeded by
John Perceval
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Lovel and Holland
1762-1770
Succeeded by
John Perceval


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