John Louis Emil Dreyer
Get John Louis Emil Dreyer essential facts below. View Videos or join the John Louis Emil Dreyer discussion. Add John Louis Emil Dreyer to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
John Louis Emil Dreyer
John Louis Emil Dreyer.

John Louis Emil Dreyer (February 13, 1852 - September 14, 1926) was a Danish/British astronomer.[1][2][3][4]

Life

Dreyer was born in Copenhagen. His father, Lieutenant General John Christopher Dreyer,[5] was the Danish Minister for War and the Navy. When he was 14 he became interested in astronomy and regularly visited Hans Schjellerup at the Copenhagen observatory.[4] He was educated in Copenhagen but in 1874, at the age of 22, he went to Parsonstown, Ireland. There he worked as the assistant of Lord Rosse (the son and successor of the Lord Rosse who built the Leviathan of Parsonstown telescope).

During 1878 he moved to Dunsink, the site of the Trinity College Observatory of Dublin University to work for Robert Stawell Ball. In 1882 he relocated again, this time to Armagh Observatory, where he served as Director until his retirement in 1916. In 1885 he became a British citizen. In 1916 he and his wife Kate moved to Oxford where Dreyer worked on editing the works of Tycho Brahe.

He won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1916 and served as the society's president from 1923 until 1925. He died on September 14, 1926 in Oxford.

A crater on the far side of the Moon is named after him.

Works

Dreyer compiled the New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, basing it on William Herschel's Catalogue of Nebulae, as well as two supplementary Index Catalogues. The NGC and IC catalogue designations are still widely used.

Dreyer was also a historian of astronomy. In 1890 he published a biography of Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, and in his later years he edited Tycho's publications and unpublished correspondence. These were published in a 15-volume edition, Opera Omnia, the last volume of which was published after his death.[4]

His book History of the Planetary Systems from Thales to Kepler (1905), is currently printed with the title A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler.[6]

He co-edited the first official history of the Royal Astronomical Society along with Herbert Hall Turner, History of the Royal Astronomical Society 1820-1920 (1923, reprinted 1987).[7]

References

  1. ^ "obit. Dr. J. L. E. Dreyer". Nature. 118 (2969): 454-455. 25 September 1926. Bibcode:1926Natur.118..454.. doi:10.1038/118454a0.
  2. ^ "DREYER, John Louis Emil". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 508.
  3. ^ Alexander, A. F. O'D. (1971). "Dreyer, Johann Louis Emil". In Gillispie, C. C. (ed.). Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 185-186.
  4. ^ a b c "Obituary Notices: Fellows:- Dreyer, J. L. E". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 87: 251. February 1927. Bibcode:1927MNRAS..87..251.. doi:10.1093/mnras/87.4.251.
  5. ^ Elliott, Ian (2007). "Dreyer, John Louis Emil". In Hockey, Thomas; Trimble, Virginia; Williams, Thomas R. (eds.). Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer Publishing. pp. 312-313. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Dreyer, J. L. E. (1953). A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler (2 ed.). New York: Dover Publications. ISBN 9780486600796.
  7. ^ "Royal Astronomical Society (RAS)". Encyclopædia Britannica.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

John_Louis_Emil_Dreyer
 



 



 
Music Scenes