Niekro in 1976
|Born: November 7, 1944|
Martins Ferry, Ohio
|Died: October 27, 2006 (aged 61)|
|April 16, 1967, for the Chicago Cubs|
|Last MLB appearance|
|April 29, 1988, for the Minnesota Twins|
|Earned run average||3.59|
|Career highlights and awards|
Joseph Franklin Niekro (November 7, 1944 - October 27, 2006) was an American Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher. He was the younger brother of pitcher Phil Niekro, and the father of Major League pitcher and first baseman Lance Niekro. He was born in Martins Ferry, Ohio, Niekro attended Bridgeport High School in Bridgeport, Ohio and West Liberty University in West Liberty, West Virginia. During a 22-year baseball career, he pitched from 1967-1988 for seven different teams, primarily for the Houston Astros.
Niekro was drafted by the Cleveland Indians in the seventh round of the 1966 amateur draft, but he did not sign with the club. On June 7, he was drafted in the third round of the draft by the Chicago Cubs. Niekro went 10-7 in 1967, throwing 169.2 innings while having a 3.34 ERA and 77 strikeouts. Nierko started the following season's Opening Day game for the Cubs at Crosley Field against the Cincinnati Reds. He went 4 1/3 innings while giving up five runs on six hits in a 9-4 loss.  For the year, he went 14-10 while throwing 177.1 innings on a 4.31 ERA while having 65 strikeouts. He was traded along with Gary Ross and Frankie Librán from the Cubs to the expansion San Diego Padres for Dick Selma on April 24, 1969. His combined total for the season was 8-18, throwing 62 strikeouts in 221.1 innings while having a 3.70 ERA. Along with Al Santorini, he led the Padres in wins with eight.
He was traded by the Padres on December 4 to the Detroit Tigers for Dave Campbell and Pat Dobson. In three seasons with Detroit, he went 21-22, having his best season in 1970 by going 12-13, although he had a 4.06 ERA in 213 innings, with a high of 101 strikeouts. He threw 122 innings in the next season and just 47 in the following. He was selected off waivers by the Atlanta Braves on August 7, 1973. Niekro used a fastball and a slider early in his career, with mixed results. In his two seasons with the Braves, he went a combined total of 5-6 while having a 3.76 ERA and 67 innings pitched. During his tenure, he got re-acquainted with the knuckleball that their father taught them. The knuckleball became an essential part of his arsenal though never his sole pitch. Joe threw harder than Phil and could set up batters nearly as effectively with his fastball in combination with his excellent changeup.
The Houston Astros purchased Niekro's contract from the Braves for $35,000 in 1975. He blossomed into a dominant pitcher as he perfected his knuckleball in Houston, going 21-11 in 1979 and 20-12 in 1980, to become the first Astros pitcher to win 20 games in consecutive seasons. He also made the National League All-Star team in 1979, a season in which he led the league with his 21 wins and five shutouts, won the TSN Pitcher of the Year Award, and ended second in voting for the Cy Young Award behind Bruce Sutter. 1979 also saw the Niekro brothers tie for the wins leader in Major League Baseball, marking this the only year that two brothers shared this honor.
In 1980, Houston had a three-game lead over the Los Angeles Dodgers in the National League West, then lost their last three games of the regular season in Los Angeles, to force a one-game playoff. Niekro allowed six hits in a 7-1 Houston victory that propelled the Astros to their first postseason. He then pitched 10 shutout innings in Game 3 of the NLCS, with the Astros eventually winning 1-0 in the 11th inning, though they lost the series in five games to the Philadelphia Phillies.
Nierko was the Opening Day starter for the Astros to start the 1981 season. . It was his second ever start in that position since doing as a Cub thirteen years prior. Facing the Dodgers at Dodger Stadium, he went seven innings while allowing two runs on eight hits in the 2-0 loss.  He reached the 1,000 strikeout plateau on April 19, doing so on a strikeout bunt by Vance Law.  He went 9-9 in 24 games pitched with a 2.82 ERA in 166 innings while striking out 77 batters and walking 47. He appeared in Game 2 of the 1981 National League Division Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers, pitching eight scoreless innings, although Joe Sambito ended up being the winning pitcher for the Astros as they won in the 11th inning, though the Dodgers would win the series in five games. He displayed a bit more effectiveness the following year. He went 17-12 in 35 games with a 2.47 ERA and 270 innings pitched while having a career-high 16 complete games and five shutouts. He struck out a career-high 130 batters while walking 64 and leading all of Major League Baseball with 19 wild pitches.
He started the 1983 season as the Opening Day starter. He went just three innings against the Dodgers, allowing six runs on eight hits in a 16-7 loss.  He went 15-14 that year, having a 3.48 ERA while starting a league high 38 games and pitching 263.2 innings. His complete games pitched dropped from 16 to nine as he also led the league in wild pitches with 14 and faced a career-high 1,113 batters. He had 152 strikeouts and 101 walks (both higher from the year before). 1984 began with another Opening Day start for Niekro, his fourth and last in a career. He went seven innings but allowed four runs on seven hits in a 4-2 loss to the Montreal Expos.  In his penultimate year with the Astros, he went 16-12 with a 3.04 ERA while once again leading all of baseball in games started with 38, pitching 248.1 innings while striking out 127 batters and walking 89. It was the sixth and final time he faced 1,000 batters.
1985 was a mixed year of benefits and downsides for Niekro. On June 9th, he became the all-time winningest pitcher in Astros history, breaking a tie with Larry Dierker (137) by weaving a complete game shut out of the San Francisco Giants at the Astrodome while allowing just two hits. 35 years later, he has held onto the record, as Roy Oswalt fell one win short of tying him for the record.  On July 2, he won his 200th career game, throwing a complete game against the San Diego Padres while throwing seven innings and allowing two runs on six hits.  Nierko went 9-12 with a 3.72 ERA in 213 innings before being traded to the New York Yankees on September 15 for two players to be named later (Neder Horta and Dody Rather) and Jim Deshaies, where Niekro briefly reunited again with his brother Phil. In his three seasons with New York, he went 14-15 with a 4.58 ERA in 188.2 total innings. He was traded to the Minnesota Twins for Mark Salas on June 7, 1987. He went 4-9 with a 6.26 ERA in 96.1 innings. That year, he pitched in the World Series, his only appearance in a World Series. In his one appearance in Game 4, he pitched the fifth and sixth innings. He allowed one hit while striking out one and allowing no runs. 
Earlier that season, Niekro had been suspended for ten games for cheating when umpire Tim Tschida discovered a nail file in his pocket during a game against the California Angels. When Tschida told Niekro to empty his pockets, Niekro reached into his pockets, pulled out his hands and threw them in the air. The emery board and a piece of sandpaper flew out of his pocket and fluttered to the ground. The video of this made a lot of sports-highlight shows and is a common "blooper" clip today. Niekro said he was filing his nails in the dugout, but American League president Dr. Bobby Brown did not believe him, and ordered the suspension.
After pitching in five games and going 1-1 with a 10.03 ERA in 11.2 innings, he was released by the Twins. In his final start, he pitched three innings against the Boston Red Sox on April 29, allowing five runs on six hits in three innings. 
On October 26, 2006, Niekro suffered a brain aneurysm and was taken to South Florida Baptist Hospital in Plant City, Florida. He was later transferred to St. Joseph's Hospital in Tampa, Florida, where he died the following day at age 61.
The Joe Niekro Foundation, created by his daughter Natalie, is committed to supporting patients and families, research, treatment and awareness of brain aneurysms, AVMs, and hemorrhagic strokes. The non-profit organization provides education on the risk factors, causes, and treatment of these conditions, while funding the advancement of neurological research.