Joan of Portugal
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Joan of Portugal
Joan of Portugal
Joana de Portugal.jpg
Queen consort of Castile and León
Tenure21 May 1455 - 11 December 1474
Born31 March 1439
Mount Olivete Villa, Almada, Portugal
Died13 June 1475(1475-06-13) (aged 36)
Madrid, Castile
Burial
SpouseHenry IV of Castile
IssueJoanna la Beltraneja
Pedro de Castilla y Portugal
Andres Apostol de Castilla y Portugal
HouseAviz
FatherEdward, King of Portugal
MotherEleanor of Aragon
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Joana of Portugal (Portuguese pronunciation: [?u'?n?]; English: Joan; 31 March 1439[1] – June 13, 1475)[2][3] was Queen of Castile as the second wife of King Henry IV of Castile. The posthumous daughter of King Edward of Portugal and Eleanor of Aragon, she was born in the Quinta do Monte Olivete Villa, Almada.

Queen of Castile

On 21 May 1455 in Córdoba,[3] she married as his second wife King Henry IV of Castile who had repudiated his first consort, Blanche II of Navarre, after thirteen years of marriage. It was rumoured that their marriage had never been consummated due to the king's impotence.[] Henry and Joan shared the same maternal grandparents; Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque (making them first cousins). They also shared the same paternal great-grandfather; John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (making them second cousins). In February 1462, six years after Joan's marriage to Henry, she gave birth to a daughter, also named Joan, called La Beltraneja because of rumours that she was in fact the daughter of Don Beltrán de la Cueva, 1st Duke of Alburquerque, who was suspected of being Joan's lover.

Henry banished Joan from the royal court and she went to live in Coca at the castle of Henry's supporter, Bishop Fonseca. She soon fell in love with Bishop Fonseca's nephew; they embarked on a sexual affair, which resulted in Joan bearing her lover two illegitimate sons (see below). Henry subsequently declared their marriage had never been legal and thus divorced her in 1468.

At the death of her former husband in 1474, Joan championed her daughter's right to succeed to the throne, but she died shortly thereafter. This led to the outbreak of the War of the Castilian Succession (1475-1479).

Scandals and illegitimate children

Prior to her banishment, Joan had provoked much criticism in the Castilian court as she allegedly wore dresses that displayed too much décolletage, and her philandering with men was considered scandalous. She was considered haughty, unscrupulous, ambitious and ruthless, participating in intrigues and completely controlling her husband. Joan has been credited with many lovers, including the poet Juan Rodríguez de la Cámara.[4][5] Joan had two illegitimate children by Pedro de Castilla y Fonseca "el mozo", nephew of Bishop Fonseca, and a great grandson of King Pedro of Castille. Her two sons were Pedro de Castilla y Portugal and Andres Apostol de Castilla y Portugal. The birth of her two illegitimate children only added to Joan's considerable notoriety.

She later entered the convent of San Francisco in Segovia.

Joan died in Madrid on June 13, 1475 at the age of 36. She was buried in the Convent of San Francisco.

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Historia de Portugal - Website: http://www.arqnet.pt/portal/portugal/temashistoria/duarte.html - with source: Joel Serrão (dir.) Pequeno Dicionário de História de Portugal, Lisboa, Iniciativas Editoriais, 1976 - AND - Joaquim Veríssimo Serrão, História de Portugal, Volume II: Formação do Estado Moderno (1415-1495), 2.ª ed., Lisboa, Verbo, 1979
  2. ^ Historia de Portugal - Website: http://www.arqnet.pt/portal/portugal/temashistoria/duarte.html - with source: Joel Serrão (dir.) Pequeno Dicionário de História de Portugal, Lisboa, Iniciativas Editoriais, 1976 - AND - Joaquim Veríssimo Serrão, História de Portugal, Volume II: Formação do Estado Moderno (1415-1495), 2.ª ed., Lisboa, Verbo, 1979
  3. ^ a b Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Portugal
  4. ^ James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, Chapters on Spanish Literature (A. Constable and Company, ltd., 1908), 74.
  5. ^ James Fitzmaurice-Kelly, A History of Spanish Literature (D. Appleton and Company, 1898), 97.
  6. ^ a b Stephens, Henry Morse (1903). The Story of Portugal. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 139. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n de Sousa, Antonio Caetano (1735). Historia genealogica da casa real portugueza [Genealogical History of the Royal House of Portugal] (in Portuguese). 2. Lisboa Occidental. p. 497.
  8. ^ a b John I, King of Portugal at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  9. ^ a b c d e f Armitage-Smith, Sydney (1905). John of Gaunt: King of Castile and Leon, Duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Earl of Derby, Lincoln, and Leicester, Seneschal of England. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 21. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ a b Peter I, King of Portugal at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  11. ^ a b de Sousa, Antonio Caetano (1735). Historia genealogica da casa real portugueza [Genealogical History of the Royal House of Portugal] (in Portuguese). 2. Lisboa Occidental. p. 4.
Joan of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
Born: 20 March 1439 Died: 12 December 1475
Royal titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Isabella of Portugal
Queen consort of Castile and León
1455-1474
Vacant
Title next held by
Isabella of Portugal

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