Jingzhou
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Jingzhou
Jingzhou


Kingchow
Jingzhou old city wall.
Jingzhou old city wall.
Location of Jingzhou City jurisdiction in Hubei
Location of Jingzhou City jurisdiction in Hubei
Jingzhou is located in Hubei
Jingzhou
Jingzhou
Location of the city center in Hubei
Coordinates (Jingzhou municipal government): 30°20?11?N 112°14?29?E / 30.3363°N 112.2414°E / 30.3363; 112.2414Coordinates: 30°20?11?N 112°14?29?E / 30.3363°N 112.2414°E / 30.3363; 112.2414
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHubei
Municipal seatShashi District
Area
 o Prefecture-level city14,068.68 km2 (5,431.95 sq mi)
 o Urban
 (2017)[2]
88.70 km2 (34.25 sq mi)
 o Districts[2]1,576.0 km2 (608.5 sq mi)
Population
(2010)[1][3]
 o Prefecture-level city5,691,707
 o Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 o Urban
 (2017)[2]
856,600
 o Urban density9,700/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 o Districts[2]
1,123,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-HB-10
Licence plate prefixes?D
Websitejingzhou.gov.cn
Jingzhou
JingZhou name.svg
"Jingzhou", as written in Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
PostalKingchow

Jingzhou (Chinese: ) is a prefecture-level city in southern Hubei province, China, located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Based on the 2010 census, its total population was 5,691,707,[1] 1,154,086 of whom resided in the built-up (or metro) area comprising two urban districts.

Jingzhou's central urban area has grown out of Shashi City and Jingzhou Town (historically also known as Jiangling); their names were preserved in the names of Shashi District and Jingzhou District, which include the city's historical center, as well as Jiangling County, which administers the suburban areas of the larger historical area of Jiangling.[4][5] The name "Shashi" also remains in the names of a number of local facilities, such as Shashi Airport and a railway freight station.

Geography and climate

Jingzhou occupies an area of 14,067 square kilometres (5,431 sq mi)[1] with a topography rising from east to west. It is covered by a dense network of waterways, as well as lakes, and is located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River on the Jianghan Plain. Downstream to its east lies Wuhan, the provincial capital, and to the west lies the city of Yichang, the Three Gorges, and Chongqing Municipality. Jingmen City, also in Hubei, lies to the north; to its south are Yueyang and Changde, both in Hunan Province.

Jingzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with hot, humid summers, and damp, chilly, but drier winters. Monthly daily average temperatures range from 4.1 °C (39.4 °F) in January to 28.0 °C (82.4 °F) in July. The area receives 1,800 to 2,000 hours of sunshine per year and has a frost-free period of 242-263 days annually.[6]

Climate data for Jingzhou (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
25.0
(77.0)
28.0
(82.4)
33.1
(91.6)
35.4
(95.7)
37.2
(99.0)
37.9
(100.2)
38.6
(101.5)
36.8
(98.2)
33.2
(91.8)
29.3
(84.7)
21.1
(70.0)
38.6
(101.5)
Average high °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
10.2
(50.4)
14.2
(57.6)
21.1
(70.0)
26.1
(79.0)
29.3
(84.7)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
27.5
(81.5)
22.4
(72.3)
16.3
(61.3)
10.8
(51.4)
20.8
(69.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
6.0
(42.8)
10.1
(50.2)
16.7
(62.1)
21.6
(70.9)
25.2
(77.4)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
23.0
(73.4)
17.6
(63.7)
11.7
(53.1)
6.4
(43.5)
16.5
(61.7)
Average low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.8
(37.0)
6.6
(43.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
19.6
(67.3)
14.0
(57.2)
8.0
(46.4)
2.9
(37.2)
13.0
(55.5)
Record low °C (°F) -14.9
(5.2)
-9.2
(15.4)
-1.0
(30.2)
-0.1
(31.8)
9.8
(49.6)
13.0
(55.4)
18.1
(64.6)
17.5
(63.5)
10.6
(51.1)
1.7
(35.1)
-3.0
(26.6)
-6.3
(20.7)
-14.9
(5.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 29.6
(1.17)
44.8
(1.76)
75.4
(2.97)
107.6
(4.24)
140.8
(5.54)
159.9
(6.30)
151.2
(5.95)
119.9
(4.72)
89.3
(3.52)
86.8
(3.42)
55.2
(2.17)
23.4
(0.92)
1,083.9
(42.68)
Average precipitation days 8.2 9.1 12.9 12.8 13.3 13.0 10.5 9.4 9.2 10.6 8.5 6.8 124.3
Source: Weather China[6]

Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the prefecture-level city of Jingzhou has 5,691,707 inhabitants[1] and a population density of 405 inhabitants per km².[7]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Jingzhou has jurisdiction over two districts, three county-level cities, three counties and one economic and technological development zone.[1][8][9] The information here presented uses the metric system and data from the 2010 Census.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Area
(Km^2)
Population
(2010)[1]
Density
(/Km^2)
Jingzhou District ? J?ngzh?u Q? 1,046 553,756 529
Shashi District ? Sh?shì Q? 469 498,526 1,063
Jingzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone[9][10] ? J?ngzh?u J?ngjì Jìshù K?if?q? 101,804
Songzi City ? S?ngz? Shì 2,235 765,911 343
Shishou City ? Shísh?u Shì 1,427 577,022 404
Honghu City ? Hónghú Shì 2,519 819,446 325
Jiangling County ? Ji?nglíng Xiàn 1,032 331,344 321
Gong'an County ? G?ng'?n Xiàn 2,258 881,128 390
Jianli City ? Jiànlì Shì 3,118 1,162,770 373

History

A mummy discovered with all parts of the body, at the Jingzhou Museum

Jingzhou has been a transportation hub and commodity distribution center for 6,000 years. Situated in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, the area has been a strategic location of military importance since ancient times.

Ying, within the borders of present-day Jingzhou, was the capital of 20 kings over 411 years of the State of Chu during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods of the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE).

The city was lost to Eastern Wu by Guan Yu during the Three Kingdoms period leading to the modern phrase '', literally 'carelessness lost Jingzhou'.

During the Southern and Northern Dynasties period, it was the capital of the Western Liang. In the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, it was the capital of Jingnan (the Nanping State).

Jingzhou was the site of one of the last major battles between Republican and Qing forces during the Xinhai Revolution in 1911. At the end of the Qing dynasty, Jingzhou had one of the largest Manchu populations, around half of the city, anywhere outside Beijing.[11]

Sights

Numerous sites have been preserved from the Chu State period, including the ruins of five Chu cities, 73 sites featuring Chu Culture and more than 800 ancient tombs, including those of 18 Chu kings.

There are also historical sites dating to the Three Kingdoms period, such as the Wulin Battlefield (where the Battle of Red Cliffs took place) and the Huarong Path.

Jingzhou Museum

The city walls were rebuilt in 1646 and measure 9 metres (30 ft) high and 10 metres (33 ft) thick. The perimeter of the wall extends for 10.17 kilometres (6.32 mi). The city walls, city gates, watchtowers, and battlements have all been well maintained. Many of the towers on top of the majestic city gates have been damaged or rebuilt, leaving only the Chaozong Tower which was rebuilt in 1838 on the Gongji Gate.

The Jingzhou Museum has on display a well-preserved 2,000-year-old male corpse, as well as silk and lacquerware from the Warring States period.

The Statue of Guan Yu was completed in 2016

Cuisine

Jingzhou cuisine's most famous two dishes are rice noodles and guokui.

Transportation

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g ? [Jingzhou City Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 2018. 14067?{...}2010,5691707?,:600330?,553756?,881128?,1162770?,331344?,577022?,819446?,765911
  2. ^ a b c d Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 66. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-hubei-admin.php
  4. ^ ?. Jingzhou People's Government. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ ?. Jiangling County Government. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ a b (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved .
  7. ^ 2010? [Bulletin of the Data of the Sixth National Census of Shangrao City in 2010] (in Chinese). Shangrao Bureau of Statistics. 16 June 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22.
  8. ^ 2016: [2016 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Jingzhou City]. National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 2018. ? 421001000000 421002000000 421003000000 421022000000 421023000000 421024000000 421081000000 421083000000 421087000000
  9. ^ a b ? (in Chinese). ? . Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ http://www.xzqh.org/html/show/hb/37311.html
  11. ^ Edward J. M. Rhoads. Manchus and Han: Ethnic Relations and Political Power in Late Qing and Early. p. 198.

External links


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Jingzhou
 



 



 
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