Jiangyin
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Jiangyin
Jiangyin


Kiangyin
 2017?.jpg
Jiangyin is located in Jiangsu
Jiangyin
Jiangyin
Location within Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°50?20?N 120°17?42?E / 31.839°N 120.295°E / 31.839; 120.295Coordinates: 31°50?20?N 120°17?42?E / 31.839°N 120.295°E / 31.839; 120.295
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level cityWuxi
Government
 o Party SecretaryChen Jinhu ()
 o MayorCai Yeming ()
Population
(2010 census)
 o County-level city1,595,138
 o Urban
1,595,138
 o Metro
3,526,260
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code
214400
Area code(s)0510
License plates prefix?B
Websitewww.jiangyin.gov.cn

Jiangyin (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Ji?ngy?n; Wade-Giles: Chiangyin, Jiangyin dialect: [k.j]) is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Jiangyin is one of the most important transport hubs on the Yangtze River, it is also one of the most developed counties in China.

Etymology

Jiangyin's name means "River Shade", from its location on the south or shady side of the Yangtze River.

History

The walled city of Jiangyin in 1840

Jiangyin was a township of Yanling (; later known as Piling, ) county initially. Since the township was located in the north of Ji Lake, it was given the name "Jiyang" (). In 281, it was promoted as a county of Piling commandery. In 558, the north-west part was taken away from then Lanling county (Wujin and its around areas) to create Jiangyin county. It was served as the seat of Jiangyin commandery, of which jurisdiction equating to the modern city's, until the commandery was dissolved in 589. It was elevated to jun (military prefecture) status during Southern Tang, until being restored as a county of Changzhou in 1071. It developed as an important port for overseas trades, and a Maritime Trade Supervisorate () was established to manage in 1145. The county became a zhou (smaller prefecture) during Yuan dynasty, but was reduced to county status again in 1367.[1]

In 1472, the sandbank in the Yangtze River was independent from the county to establish Jingjiang county.[2] In 1645, the draconian enforcement of the decree adopting the Manchu hair style and dress inflamed the local Han Chinese people's spirit to resist. Since the ultimatum "either lose your hair or lose your head" was given, they held the walled city against Qing sieges under a magistrate Yan Yingyuan () 's leadership.[3]

On 23 April 1987, Jiangyin was approved by the State Council of China to become a county-level city.[4]

Transport

Rail

Jiangyin Train Ferry Line is the only one remains across the Yangtze River, it is a part of the Xinyi-Changxing Railway.[5]

A new high-speed railway line has been proposed[6] that would link Jiangyin directly to both Shanghai and Nanjing.

Climate

Climate data for Jiangyin (normal temperatures: 1957-1987, extremes and precipitations: 1957-2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
26.8
(80.2)
30.4
(86.7)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
38.2
(100.8)
39.6
(103.3)
41.3
(106.3)
37.8
(100.0)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
23.2
(73.8)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
9.0
(48.2)
12.5
(54.5)
17.9
(64.2)
23.2
(73.8)
27.2
(81.0)
32.0
(89.6)
31.5
(88.7)
25.6
(78.1)
21.1
(70.0)
15.7
(60.3)
7.9
(46.2)
19.1
(66.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.6
(40.3)
8.9
(48.0)
14.7
(58.5)
20.1
(68.2)
24.2
(75.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.7
(81.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.8
(64.0)
11.8
(53.2)
5.4
(41.7)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) -0.2
(31.6)
0.7
(33.3)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
17.7
(63.9)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
20.6
(69.1)
15.1
(59.2)
7.7
(45.9)
0.5
(32.9)
12.6
(54.7)
Record low °C (°F) -14.2
(6.4)
-11.4
(11.5)
-7.5
(18.5)
-1.0
(30.2)
3.8
(38.8)
11.7
(53.1)
15.5
(59.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.3
(48.7)
1.3
(34.3)
-4.6
(23.7)
-10
(14)
-14.2
(6.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.3
(1.67)
53.2
(2.09)
74.3
(2.93)
84.0
(3.31)
98.0
(3.86)
172.1
(6.78)
186.7
(7.35)
150.7
(5.93)
95.3
(3.75)
57.4
(2.26)
52.4
(2.06)
32.0
(1.26)
1,098.4
(43.25)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 140.2 128.8 151.5 168.8 186.2 163.0 210.7 220.4 171.5 180.1 153.5 154.3 2,029
Source: Jiangyin Municipal Chorography & Annual of Jiangyin, 2016 [7][8]

Notable people

  • Li Jinjun, Chinese (PRC) Ambassador to North Korea (DPRK) (from 2015)
  • Liu Bannong (1891-1934) - writer
  • Liu Tianhua (1895-1932) - musician and composer
  • Miao Quansun () (1844-1919) - Academic, catalog writer, bibliophile, founder of modern Chinese librarianship
  • Shangguan Yunzhu - movie star
  • Xu Xiake (1587-1641) - noted traveller and geographer
  • Yu Minhong - Chairman and President of New Oriental Education & Technology Group

See also

Notes

  1. ^ [The Great Encyclopaedia of Chinese History, Volume on Historical Geography] (in Chinese). Shanghai Cishu Press. 1996. pp. 350-1. ISBN 7-5326-0299-0.
  2. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 14.
  3. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 15.
  4. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 1383.
  5. ^ "". www.peoplerail.com. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "New high-speed line to join Shanghai, Nanjing". www.chinadaily.com.cn. 2017-06-17. Retrieved .
  7. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 135.
  8. ^ "?".

References

  • Cheng, Yizheng (1992). Jiangyin Municipal Chorography. Shanghai People's Publishing House. ISBN 7-208-01458-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Jiangyin
 



 



 
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