|Native to||Southern China|
|Region||Jian'ou, Fujian province|
|Chinese character, Kienning Colloquial Romanized|
Jian'ou dialect (Northern Min: Ging-é-d? / ; Chinese: simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), also known as Kienow dialect, is a local dialect of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jian'ou in northern Fujian province. It is regarded as the standard common language in Jian'ou.
According to The Eight Tones of Kien-chou (?), a rime dictionary which published in 1795, Jian'ou dialect has 15 initials, 34 rimes and 7 tones in the 18th century, however there are only 6 tones in the modern dialect as the "light level" () tone disappeared.
|Open syllable||Nasal coda|
|Closed mouth||u||ua||u? ||uai||ui? ||ua?||uai?||u|
|Round mouth||y||y? ||yi? |
Jian'ou has four tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.
|Tone number||Tone name||Tone contour|
|1||level ()||(54) or ? (5)|
|2||rising ()||(21) or ? (1)|
|3||dark departing ()||? (2)|
|4||light departing ()||? (4)|
|5||dark entering ()||(24)|
|6||light entering ()||(42)|
The entering tones in Jian'ou dialect do not have any entering tone coda (?) such as /-?/, /-p?/, /-t?/ and /-k?/ which makes it distinct from many other Chinese varieties.