Jian'ou Dialect
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Jian'ou Dialect
Jian'ou
Ging-é-d? /
Pronunciation[kui ti?]
Native toSouthern China
RegionJian'ou, Fujian province
Chinese character, Kienning Colloquial Romanized
Language codes
-
Glottologjian1240[1]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Bible in Jian'ou Romanised (Genesis), published by the British and Foreign Bible Society.

Jian'ou dialect (Northern Min: Ging-é-d? / ; Chinese: simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiàn'?u huà), also known as Kienow dialect, is a local dialect of Northern Min Chinese spoken in Jian'ou in northern Fujian province. It is regarded as the standard common language in Jian'ou.

Phonetics and phonology

According to The Eight Tones of Kien-chou (?), a rime dictionary which published in 1795, Jian'ou dialect has 15 initials, 34 rimes and 7 tones in the 18th century, however there are only 6 tones in the modern dialect as the "light level" () tone disappeared.

Initials

Initials of Jian'ou dialect
  Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ?  
Plosive voiceless unaspirated p t k ?
voiceless aspirated p? t? k?  
Affricate voiceless unaspirated   ts    
voiceless aspirated   ts?    
Fricative   s x  
Approximant   l    

Rimes

Rimes of Jian'ou dialect
Open syllable Nasal coda
Open mouth a ? ? oe ? ? ai au a? ai? ei? oey? [2]
Even mouth i ia i? i? iau iu i? ia? iei?[3] i
Closed mouth u ua u? [4] uai ui? [5] ua? uai? u
Round mouth y y? [4] yi? [5]

Tones

Jian'ou has four tones, which are reduced to two in checked syllables.

Tone chart of the Jian'ou dialect
Tone number Tone name Tone contour
1 level () (54) or ? (5)
2 rising () (21) or ? (1)
3 dark departing () ? (2)
4 light departing () ? (4)
5 dark entering () (24)
6 light entering () (42)

The entering tones in Jian'ou dialect do not have any entering tone coda (?) such as /-?/, /-p?/, /-t?/ and /-k?/ which makes it distinct from many other Chinese varieties.

Footnotes

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jian'ou". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ /o?/ which is mentioned in Kienning Colloquial Romanized has merged into // in the modern dialect.
  3. ^ /iei?/ is not mentioned in Kienning Colloquial Romanized as it diverged from /i?/ after the romanization system was established.
  4. ^ a b /y?/ tends to merge into /u?/.
  5. ^ a b /yi?/ tends to merge into /ui?/.

References

External links


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Jian'ou_dialect
 



 



 
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