Jeremiah 43
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Jeremiah 43
Jeremiah 43
Aleppo-HighRes2-Neviim6-Jeremiah (page 1 crop).jpg
A high resolution scan of the Aleppo Codex showing the Book of Jeremiah (the sixth book in Nevi'im).
BookBook of Jeremiah
Hebrew Bible partNevi'im
Order in the Hebrew part6
CategoryLatter Prophets
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part24

Jeremiah 43 is the forty-third chapter of the Book of Jeremiah in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. This book contains prophecies attributed to the prophet Jeremiah, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. This chapter is part of a narrative section consisting of chapters 37 to 44.[1] Chapters 42-44 describe the emigration to Egypt involving the remnant who remained in Judah after much of the population was exiled to Babylon.[2] In this chapter, Jeremiah performs in Egypt one of the sign-acts distinctive of his prophetic style.[3]

Text

The original text was written in Hebrew. This chapter is divided into 13 verses.

Textual witnesses

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew are of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes the Codex Cairensis (895), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[4] Some fragments containing parts of this chapter were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, i.e., 4QJerd (4Q72a; mid 2nd century BCE[5]) with extant verses 2-10,[6] and 2QJer (2Q13; 1st century CE[7]), with extant verses 8-11.[8][9]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint (with a different chapter numbering), made in the last few centuries BCE. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[10]

Parashot

The parashah sections listed here are based on the Aleppo Codex.[11] Jeremiah 43 is a part of the "Sixteenth prophecy (Jeremiah 40-45)" in the section of Prophecies interwoven with narratives about the prophet's life (Jeremiah 26-45). {P}: open parashah; {S}: closed parashah.

{S} 43:1 {S} 43:2-7 {S} 43:8-13 {P}

Verse numbering

The order of chapters and verses of the Book of Jeremiah in the English Bibles, Masoretic Text (Hebrew), and Vulgate (Latin), in some places differs from that in the Septuagint (LXX, the Greek Bible used in the Eastern Orthodox Church and others) according to Rahlfs or Brenton. The following table is taken with minor adjustments from Brenton's Septuagint, page 971.[12]

The order of Computer Assisted Tools for Septuagint/Scriptural Study (CATSS) based on Alfred Rahlfs' Septuaginta (1935) differs in some details from Joseph Ziegler's critical edition (1957) in Göttingen LXX. Swete's Introduction mostly agrees with Rahlfs' edition (=CATSS).[12]

Hebrew, Vulgate, English Rahlfs' LXX (CATSS)
43:1-13 50:1-13
36:1-32 43:1-32

Verses 5-6

5But Johanan the son of Kareah and all the captains of the forces took all the remnant of Judah who had returned to dwell in the land of Judah, from all nations where they had been driven-- 6men, women, children, the king's daughters, and every person whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet and Baruch the son of Neriah.[13]

Verse 8

Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah in Tahpanhes.[14]

Jeremiah was in Egypt "not out of choice, but by constraint".[15]

Verse 13

He shall break also the images of Bethshemesh, that is in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the gods of the Egyptians shall he burn with fire.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ Coogan 2007, pp. 1137-1138 Hebrew Bible.
  2. ^ O'Connor 2007, p. 520.
  3. ^ Rudd, S., 33 Theatrical Prophetic Sign Acts in the Bible, accessed 4 April 2019
  4. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
  5. ^ Sweeney 2010, p. 66.
  6. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 38.
  7. ^ Sweeney, Marvin A. (2010). Form and Intertextuality in Prophetic and Apocalyptic Literature. Forschungen zum Alten Testament. 45 (reprint ed.). Wipf and Stock Publishers. p. 66. ISBN 9781608994182. ISSN 0940-4155.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  8. ^ Fitzmyer, Joseph A. (2008). A Guide to the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 26. ISBN 9780802862419. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  9. ^ Ulrich, Eugene, ed. (2010). The Biblical Qumran Scrolls: Transcriptions and Textual Variants. Brill. pp. 579-580. ISBN 9789004181830. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  10. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  11. ^ As reflected in the Jewish Publication Society's 1917 edition of the Hebrew Bible in English.
  12. ^ a b CCEL - Brenton Jeremiah Appendix
  13. ^ Jeremiah 43:5-6 NKJV
  14. ^ Jeremiah 43:8 NKJV
  15. ^ Benson, J., Benson Commentary on Jeremiah 43, accessed 4 April 2019
  16. ^ Jeremiah 43:13 KJV
  17. ^ a b Coogan 2007, p. 1145 Hebrew Bible.
  18. ^ Note [a] on Jeremiah 43:13 in New King James Version

Sources

External links

Jewish

Christian


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