Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski in 2016
|13th Prime Minister of Poland|
14 July 2006 - 16 November 2007
|Leader of the Opposition|
16 November 2007 - 16 November 2015
Bronis?aw Komorowski (Acting)
Bogdan Borusewicz (Acting)
Grzegorz Schetyna (Acting)
|Leader of Law and Justice|
18 January 2003
|Member of the Sejm|
31 October 1997
6 December 1991 - 26 October 1993
Jaros?aw Aleksander Kaczy?ski
18 June 1949
|Political party||Law and Justice |
Solidarity Electoral Action
|Alma mater||University of Warsaw (PhD)|
Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski (Polish pronunciation: [ja'r?swaf ka'tj?sk?i] ; born 18 June 1949) is a Polish politician and lawyer who is currently serving as leader of the Law and Justice party (known by its Polish acronym PiS), which he co-founded in 2001 with his twin brother, Lech Kaczy?ski, who served as president of Poland.
Running for PiS, he served as the prime minister of Poland from July 2006 to November 2007, while his brother was the president of Poland. After PiS's electoral defeat in 2007, Kaczy?ski was the main leader of the opposition during Civic Platform's governments. Following the death of his brother in a plane crash, Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski ran against the acting president Bronis?aw Komorowski in the Polish presidential election on 20 June 2010, and lost.
Kaczy?ski was born on 18 June 1949, the identical twin brother of Lech Kaczy?ski. They were born in Warsaw. His father was Raymund Kaczy?ski, an engineer who served as a soldier in the Armia Krajowa in World War II, and his mother was Jadwiga Kaczy?ska, a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences. As children, Kaczy?ski starred with his brother in the 1962 Polish film The Two Who Stole the Moon (Polish: O dwóch takich, co ukradli ksiyc), based on a popular children's story by Kornel Makuszy?ski.
In 1991, he created the centrist, Christian democratic Centre Agreement party and later became its chairman, remaining in the role until 1998. In the years 1991 to 1993 and since 1997, Kaczy?ski was a member of the Sejm. In the same year, he worked under direction of the president of Poland, Lech Wasa, as the head of his presidential chancellery. Wasa fired Kaczy?ski, who then led the movement against him. During this time an effigy of Wasa was burned at a protest organized by Kaczy?ski.
Kaczy?ski was the Law and Justice prime ministerial candidate in the September 2005 Polish parliamentary election. However, when the party emerged as winner of the election, he pledged that he would not take the position, expecting that his nomination would reduce the chances of his brother Lech Kaczy?ski, who was a candidate for the October presidential election. Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz was appointed prime minister.
In the following months, he was a frontbench MP and the leader of his party. He was said to have enormous influence on the prime minister's decision-making process. Kaczy?ski was described as the architect of the coalition with the populist Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona) and the far-right League of Polish Families party.
Following reports of a rift between Kaczy?ski and Marcinkiewicz, the latter resigned on 7 July 2006. Kaczy?ski was appointed prime minister by his brother, the president, Lech Kaczy?ski, on 10 July, and sworn in on 14 July, following the formation of a cabinet and a confidence vote in the Sejm. They were the first pair of brothers in the world to serve as president and prime minister of a country and the only twin brothers to have done so.
At the request of his government, taxes were reduced. Kaczy?ski controversially initiated a nationwide program (lustracja) which required thousands of public employees, teachers, and journalists to formally declare whether or not they had collaborated with the security services of the former communist regime. Kaczy?ski's government was criticised both domestically and abroad for poor foreign relationships with Germany and Russia.
Despite gaining votes, Law and Justice lost the parliamentary election on 21 October 2007, finishing a distant second behind the pro-European Christian-democratic and conservative liberal party Civic Platform. Kaczy?ski was succeeded as prime minister by Donald Tusk, but remained chairman of Law and Justice and became leader of the opposition.
Following the death of his brother, Jaros?aw announced that he would run for president against Bronis?aw Komorowski in the election held on 20 June 2010.Joanna Kluzik-Rostkowska ran his electoral campaign staff and the spokesperson was Pawe? Poncyljusz. Kaczy?ski appeared to soften his image during the campaign in order to win centrist voters. The campaign's motto was Poland Comes First. He polled 36.5% of the vote in the first round, against the acting president Bronis?aw Komorowski's 41.5%. In the second round he lost with 47.0% of the votee to Komorowski's 53.0%.
In order to win over moderate voters, rather than running as PiS's candidate for president or prime minister, Kaczy?ski put forward more moderate PiS members in the 2015 presidential and parliamentary elections. Andrzej Duda ran as PiS's presidential candidate, while Beata Szyd?o was its candidate for prime minister. PiS won both elections. In the parliamentary election, PiS became the first party to win an outright majority since the end of communism. But despite being a popular leader among PiS's base, he himself remains unpopular among the wider public, with some polls showing that more Poles think Kaczy?ski is not trustworthy compared to Duda or Szyd?o.
In 2017, Politico described him as the de facto ruler of Poland and as one of the most influential politicians in Poland. On 19 November 2017, Donald Tusk attacked Kaczy?ski's leadership by claiming it played into the Kremlin's hands and endangered the independence of Poland.
Kaczy?ski's project is said to consist of a conservative "moral revolution" culminating in the creation of a "fourth republic" drawing a radical break from the compromises surrounding the fall of communism in Poland. Kaczy?ski has been labelled as "polarizing". He opposes LGBT rights and has described them as a threat to Poland.
| Chief of the Chancellery of the President
| Prime Minister of Poland
|Party political offices|
| Leader of Law and Justice
| Law and Justice nominee for
President of Poland