Jaros%C5%82aw Kaczy%C5%84ski
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Jaros%C5%82aw Kaczy%C5%84ski

Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski
Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski Sejm 2016a (cropped).JPG
Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski in 2016
13th Prime Minister of Poland

14 July 2006 - 16 November 2007
PresidentLech Kaczy?ski
DeputyLudwik Dorn
Zyta Gilowska
Przemys?aw Gosiewski
Andrzej Lepper
Roman Giertych
Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
Donald Tusk
Leader of the Opposition

16 November 2007 - 16 November 2015
PresidentLech Kaczy?ski
Bronis?aw Komorowski (Acting)
Bogdan Borusewicz (Acting)
Grzegorz Schetyna (Acting)
Bronis?aw Komorowski
Andrzej Duda
Donald Tusk
Ewa Kopacz
Donald Tusk
Ewa Kopacz
Leader of Law and Justice

18 January 2003
Ludwik Dorn
Przemys?aw Gosiewski
Marek Kuchci?ski
Przemys?aw Gosiewski
Gra?yna G?sicka
Marek Kuchci?ski
Mariusz B?aszczak
Ryszard Terlecki
Lech Kaczy?ski
Member of the Sejm

31 October 1997
ConstituencyWarsaw I

6 December 1991 - 26 October 1993
ConstituencyWarsaw I
Personal details
Born
Jaros?aw Aleksander Kaczy?ski

(1949-06-18) 18 June 1949 (age 70)
Warsaw, Poland
Political partyLaw and Justice
(2001-present)
Other political
affiliations
Solidarity
(before 1991)
Centre Agreement
(1991-1997)
Solidarity Electoral Action
(1997-2001)
Alma materUniversity of Warsaw (PhD)
ProfessionLawyer
AwardsSt. George's Order of Victory
Signature

Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski (Polish pronunciation: [ja'r?swaf ka'tj?sk?i] ; born 18 June 1949) is a Polish politician and lawyer who is currently serving as leader of the Law and Justice party (known by its Polish acronym PiS), which he co-founded in 2001 with his twin brother, Lech Kaczy?ski, who served as president of Poland.

Running for PiS, he served as the prime minister of Poland from July 2006 to November 2007, while his brother was the president of Poland. After PiS's electoral defeat in 2007, Kaczy?ski was the main leader of the opposition during Civic Platform's governments. Following the death of his brother in a plane crash, Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski ran against the acting president Bronis?aw Komorowski in the Polish presidential election on 20 June 2010, and lost.

Early life

Lech and Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski with their mother.

Kaczy?ski was born on 18 June 1949, the identical twin brother of Lech Kaczy?ski. They were born in Warsaw.[1] His father was Raymund Kaczy?ski, an engineer who served as a soldier in the Armia Krajowa in World War II, and his mother was Jadwiga Kaczy?ska, a philologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences. As children, Kaczy?ski starred with his brother in the 1962 Polish film The Two Who Stole the Moon (Polish: O dwóch takich, co ukradli ksiyc), based on a popular children's story by Kornel Makuszy?ski.[2]

He studied law and administration of Warsaw University before completing a doctorate in law in 1976. Kaczy?ski was the executive editor of the Tygodnik Solidarno weekly magazine from 1989 to 1991.

Political career

1990s

In 1991, he created the centrist, Christian democratic Centre Agreement party and later became its chairman, remaining in the role until 1998. In the years 1991 to 1993 and since 1997, Kaczy?ski was a member of the Sejm.[3] In the same year, he worked under direction of the president of Poland, Lech Wasa, as the head of his presidential chancellery.[4] Wasa fired Kaczy?ski, who then led the movement against him. During this time an effigy of Wasa was burned at a protest organized by Kaczy?ski.[5]

2005 elections

Kaczy?ski was the Law and Justice prime ministerial candidate in the September 2005 Polish parliamentary election.[6][7][8] However, when the party emerged as winner of the election, he pledged that he would not take the position, expecting that his nomination would reduce the chances of his brother Lech Kaczy?ski, who was a candidate for the October presidential election. Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz was appointed prime minister.

In the following months, he was a frontbench MP and the leader of his party. He was said to have enormous influence on the prime minister's decision-making process. Kaczy?ski was described as the architect of the coalition with the populist Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona) and the far-right League of Polish Families party.

Critics have accused the first PiS government of splitting the country over religious and cultural issues and picking "needless fights with Germany and the European Union".[9][10]

Prime minister

Following reports of a rift between Kaczy?ski and Marcinkiewicz, the latter resigned on 7 July 2006. Kaczy?ski was appointed prime minister by his brother, the president, Lech Kaczy?ski, on 10 July, and sworn in on 14 July, following the formation of a cabinet and a confidence vote in the Sejm.[11][12][13] They were the first pair of brothers in the world to serve as president and prime minister of a country and the only twin brothers to have done so.[14]

At the request of his government, taxes were reduced. Kaczy?ski controversially initiated a nationwide program (lustracja) which required thousands of public employees, teachers, and journalists to formally declare whether or not they had collaborated with the security services of the former communist regime.[15] Kaczy?ski's government was criticised both domestically and abroad for poor foreign relationships with Germany and Russia.[16]

2007 parliamentary election

Despite gaining votes, Law and Justice lost the parliamentary election on 21 October 2007, finishing a distant second behind the pro-European Christian-democratic and conservative liberal party Civic Platform. Kaczy?ski was succeeded as prime minister by Donald Tusk, but remained chairman of Law and Justice and became leader of the opposition.

2010 presidential election

Following the death of his brother, Jaros?aw announced that he would run for president against Bronis?aw Komorowski in the election held on 20 June 2010.[17][18]Joanna Kluzik-Rostkowska ran his electoral campaign staff and the spokesperson was Pawe? Poncyljusz. Kaczy?ski appeared to soften his image during the campaign in order to win centrist voters.[19] The campaign's motto was Poland Comes First.[20] He polled 36.5% of the vote in the first round, against the acting president Bronis?aw Komorowski's 41.5%. In the second round he lost with 47.0% of the votee to Komorowski's 53.0%.

Return to power

Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski and Beata Szyd?o

In order to win over moderate voters, rather than running as PiS's candidate for president or prime minister, Kaczy?ski put forward more moderate PiS members in the 2015 presidential and parliamentary elections. Andrzej Duda ran as PiS's presidential candidate, while Beata Szyd?o was its candidate for prime minister.[21] PiS won both elections.[21] In the parliamentary election, PiS became the first party to win an outright majority since the end of communism.[22][23] But despite being a popular leader among PiS's base, he himself remains unpopular among the wider public, with some polls showing that more Poles think Kaczy?ski is not trustworthy compared to Duda or Szyd?o.[21]

In 2017, Politico described him as the de facto ruler of Poland and as one of the most influential politicians in Poland.[24][25] On 19 November 2017, Donald Tusk attacked Kaczy?ski's leadership by claiming it played into the Kremlin's hands and endangered the independence of Poland.[26]

Political views

Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski speaking during the inauguration of a monument to his brother Lech Kaczy?ski (November 2018, Warsaw)

Kaczy?ski's project is said to consist of a conservative "moral revolution" culminating in the creation of a "fourth republic" drawing a radical break from the compromises surrounding the fall of communism in Poland.[10] Kaczy?ski has been labelled as "polarizing".[27] He opposes LGBT rights and has described them as a threat to Poland.[28][29]

Personal life

Kaczy?ski resides in Warsaw. He lived with his ailing mother until her hospitalization.[17] Kaczy?ski owns no computer and is said to have opened his first bank account only in 2009.[24]

Among many political elites in Poland, including Lech Wal?sa, rumours have circulated for years that he is homosexual, apparently confirmed by secret service reports.[30][31]

In popular culture

The main character of the political satire web series The Chairman's Ear, chairman Jaros?aw (depicted by series creator Robert Górski), is modeled on Kaczy?ski.[32]

See also

References

  1. ^ Day, Matthew (27 September 2005). "Twins who stole the Moon are poised to run away with Poland". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2007.
  2. ^ Araloff, Simon (23 September 2005). "Kaczynski Brothers: Movie Stars That Turned Politicians". Axis News. Archived from the original on 27 April 2006. Retrieved 2007.
  3. ^ "Jaroslaw Kaczynski at Encyklopedia Solidarnosci" (in Polish). Retrieved 2010.
  4. ^ Matraszek, Marek (26 October 1991). "The President's Man". spectator.co.uk. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ Hinshaw, Drew; Walker, Marcus (22 January 2018). "Poland's New Nationalist Rulers Are Erasing Lech Walesa From History". wsj.com. Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Easton, Adam (21 September 2006). "Polish twins in leadership race". BBC News. London. Retrieved 2007.
  7. ^ Gwiazda, Anna. Democracy in Poland: Representation, Participation, Competition and Accountability Since 1989. Routledge, 2015, p. 63
  8. ^ Poland turns right: A conservative enigma. The Economist, 31 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Poland's Kaczynski Brothers:Seeing Double in Warsaw". Spiegel Online. 20 July 2006. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ a b "He's back". The Economist. 12 November 2015. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ "Poland's Prime Minister Resigns". BBC News. London. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 2007.
  12. ^ "Polish President Appoints His Twin Brother as Premier". Bloomberg. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 2007.
  13. ^ "Polish Head Swears in Twin as PM". BBC News. 14 July 2006. Retrieved 2007.
  14. ^ "Twin Kaczynski brothers become President and Prime Minister of Poland". Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Europress Research (19 April 2010). "Poland Post April 10th 2010". Europress Research. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 2010.
  16. ^ "A winter honyemoon". The Economist. 19 December 2007. Retrieved 2010.
  17. ^ a b Champion, Marc (24 April 2010). "Kaczynski Poised for Presidential Bid in Poland". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2010.
  18. ^ Präsidentenwahl in Polen: Kaczynski will seinen Bruder beerben (in German). Spiegel Online, 26 April 2010.
  19. ^ "ANALYSIS-Poland's Kaczynski eyes middle ground ahead of vote". Reuters. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  20. ^ "Has?o Kaczy?skiego: "Polska jest najwa?niejsza"". tvn24.pl. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  21. ^ a b c Strzelecki, Marek (18 April 2016). "Staring Down Critics, Poland's Kaczynski Urges Faster Change". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ "Poland Ousts Government as Law & Justice Gains Historic Majority". Bloomberg. 25 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  23. ^ "Poland elections: Conservatives secure decisive win". BBC News. 25 October 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  24. ^ a b "Jaros?aw Kaczy?ski". Politico.eu. Retrieved 2016.
  25. ^ "Poland's de facto leader slams president, wants to restore 'moral order'". Politico. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ "Donald Tusk signals return to Polish politics with tweet attack". Financial Times. 19 November 2017.
  27. ^ Hoppe, Ralf; Puhl, Jan (8 December 2016). "Poland after a Year of Populist Rule". Spiegel Online International. Retrieved 25 September 2017. "The conservative party leader is considered highly intelligent and well educated, but he is also a polarizing figure."
  28. ^ "Polish leader: LGBT rights an import that threatens nation". New York Post. Associated Press. 25 April 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ Scally, Derek (2 August 2019). "Polish archbishop compares LGBTI community to 'red plague'". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ Towle, Andy (24 October 2006). "Homophobic Polish Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski Outed as Gay". Towleroad.com.
  31. ^ The Warsaw pact. Times Online. 19 August 2007. Archived 17 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ Florkiewicz, Pawel; Pawlak, Justyna (28 June 2017). "Popular Polish TV satire targets powerful conservative leader Kaczynski". Reuters. Retrieved 2019.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Micha? Janiszewski
Chief of the Chancellery of the President
1990-1991
Succeeded by
Janusz Zió?kowski
Preceded by
Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz
Prime Minister of Poland
2006-2007
Succeeded by
Donald Tusk
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lech Kaczy?ski
Leader of Law and Justice
2003-present
Incumbent
Law and Justice nominee for
President of Poland

2010
Succeeded by
Andrzej Duda

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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