January 1910 General Election
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January 1910 General Election

January 1910 United Kingdom general election

← 1906 15 January - 10 February 1910 (1910-01-15 - 1910-02-10) Dec 1910 →

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  The mirrors of Downing street; some political reflections (1921) (14595514940).jpg Coming men on coming questions (1905) (14595689047) (cropped).jpg Ireland yesterday and today (1909) (14587063449) (cropped).jpg
Leader H. H. Asquith Arthur Balfour John Redmond
Party Liberal Conservative & Lib. Unionist Irish Parliamentary
Leader since 30 April 1908 11 June 1902 6 February 1900
Leader's seat East Fife City of London Waterford City
Last election 397 seats, 48.9% 156 seats, 43.4% 82 seats, 0.6%
Seats won 274 272 71
Seat change Decrease123 Increase116 Decrease11
Popular vote 2,712,511 2,919,236 74,047
Percentage 43.5% 46.8% 1.2%
Swing Decrease5.4% Increase3.4% Increase0.6%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg William O'Brien 1917.jpg
Leader Arthur Henderson William O'Brien
Party Labour All-for-Ireland
Leader since 22 January 1908 23 March 1909
Leader's seat Barnard Castle North East Cork
Last election 29 seats, 4.8% Did not stand
Seats won 40 8
Seat change Increase11 Increase8
Popular vote 435,770 23,605
Percentage 7.0% 0.4%
Swing Increase2.2% N/A

United Kingdom general election 1910 January.svg
Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

Appointed Prime Minister

H. H. Asquith
Liberal

The January 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 15 January to 10 February 1910. The government called the election in the midst of a constitutional crisis caused by the rejection of the People's Budget by the Conservative-dominated House of Lords, in order to get a mandate to pass the budget.

The general election resulted in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party led by Arthur Balfour and their Liberal Unionist allies receiving the largest number of votes, but the Liberals led by H. H. Asquith winning the largest number of seats, returning two more MPs than the Conservatives. Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond. Another general election was soon held in December.

The Labour Party, led by Arthur Henderson, continued to gather momentum, going from 29 seats to 40.

Results

England and Wales seat winners
?
274 272 71 40 8 5
Liberal Conservative IPP Lab AFI O
UK General Election January 1910
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Arthur Balfour 594 272 130 14 +116 40.6 46.8 2,919,236 +3.4
  Liberal H. H. Asquith 511 274 12 135 −123 40.9 43.5 2,712,511 −5.4
  Labour Arthur Henderson 78 40 17 6 +11 6.0 7.0 435,770 +2.1
  Irish Parliamentary John Redmond 85 71 0 11 −11 10.6 1.2 74,047 +0.6
  All-for-Ireland William O'Brien 10 8 8 0 +8 1.2 0.4 23,605
  Independent Nationalist N/A 10 3 3 2 +2 0.5 0.3 16,533
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 9 0 0 0 0 0.2 13,479 −0.1
  Ind. Conservative N/A 4 1 1 1 0 0.1 0.2 11,772
  Free Trader John Eldon Gorst 4 0 0 0 0 0.2 11,553
  Independent Labour N/A 6 0 0 1 −1 0.2 9,936
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 1 1 0 +1 0.1 0.1 5,237
  Scottish Prohibition Edwin Scrymgeour 1 0 0 0 0 0.0 756

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative & Liberal Unionist
46.8%
Liberal
43.5%
Labour
7.0%
Irish Parliamentary
1.2%
Independent
0.7%
Others
0.8%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Liberal
40.9%
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
40.6%
Irish Parliamentary
10.6%
Labour
6.0%
All-for-Ireland
1.2%
Independent
0.8%

See also

References

  • Blewett, Neal (1972), The Peers, the Parties and the People: The General Elections of 1910[publisher missing]
  • Clarke, P. F. (1975), "The electoral position of the Liberal and Labour parties, 1910-1914", English Historical Review, 90 (357): 828-836, doi:10.1093/ehr/xc.ccclvii.828
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • O'Brien, Phillips Payson (2010), "The 1910 Elections and the Primacy of Foreign Policy", in Mulligan, William; Simms, Brendan (eds.), The Primacy of Foreign Policy in British History, 1660-2000, Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 249-259
  • Pelling, Henry (1967), Social Geography of British Elections 1885-1910[publisher missing]
  • Sykes, Alan (1979), Tariff Reform in British Politics: 1903-1913, Oxford University Press
  • Sykes, Alan (1975), "The Confederacy and the purge of the Unionist free traders, 1906-1910", Historical Journal, 18 (2): 349-366, doi:10.1017/S0018246X00023724
  • Wald, Kenneth D. (1978), "Class and the vote before the first world war", British Journal of Political Science, 8 (4): 441-457, doi:10.1017/S0007123400001496

External links

Manifestos

  1. ^ All parties shown.

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