Janez Menart
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Janez Menart
Janez Menart
Janez Menart.jpg
Born(1929-09-29)September 29, 1929
Maribor, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
DiedJanuary 22, 2004(2004-01-22) (aged 74)
Ljubljana, Slovenia
Occupationpoet, translator
Periodfirst post-war generation
Genrelyrical, narrative, and satirical poetry
Literary movementIntimism
Notable worksPoems of the Four,
First Autumn,
Newspaper Verse,
White Fairytale,
Traffic Lights of the Youth,
Under the Plague Spot,
Medieval Ballads,
translations of classical French and English poetry and plays
Notable awardsAward of the City of Ljubljana
1965 Translation of Shakespeare's sonnets
Sovre Award
1975 Reworkings of poems by Robert Burns and Lord Byron
?upan?i? Award
1978 collection of poems Under the Plague Spot
Pre?eren Award
1979 (declined) collections and translations of poetry
Sovre Award
1988 Collected works of François Villon
SpouseTonka Menart
Childrenone daughter:
Barbara Menart Senica

Janez Menart (About this soundpronunciation ) (29 September 1929 - 22 January 2004) was a Slovene poet, best known for his Intimist poetry. He translated a number of classic French and English poetry and drama works into Slovene, including Shakespeare's sonnets.

Biography

Menart was born in Maribor. His mother was a theatre actress. She soon fell ill, so the family moved back to Ljubljana. His father worked as an emergency medical technician and committed suicide when Janez was seven years old. His mother died eight years later.

Due to poor social circumstances Janez and his older sister lived almost from the beginning of schooling in the boarding schools. Janez was able to enter grammar school only because he won one of the four scholarships offered by Drava Banovina in 1940. Having finished it he attended the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Ljubljana where he graduated in Slovene philology and in comparative literature studies.

After compulsory military service he was at first a publisher's reader, then a stage director and finally a director of puppet section at Triglav film. In that time he also married and got a daughter. Since 1963, when he left film, he earned his money by writing and translation.

Then he employed himself as the editor of drama editorial board at RTV Ljubljana. Due to political circumstances he was later degraded to a stage director and in the final three years he worked as a translator for current needs. In 1979 he decided to leave his job and employ himself as a programme leader of the book sales club Svet knjige at Mladinska knjiga. He stayed there till his retirement in 1990.

He died in Ljubljana due to a hospital infection.

Work

Janez Menart was one of the most popular Slovene poets in the second half of the 20th century. Over four hundred of his individuals poems have been translated to about 25 foreign languages and over half of these translations were published in independent editions. Over one hundred of his poems and chanson lyrics have been set to music, some of them have also been recorded on cassettes and discs.

Menart began seriously writing songs when he was 15 and had first of them published in the last two years of attending grammar school. He gradually published them in a continuously larger number of literary journals and by radio. His career of a prominent literate began in 1953 when he published the collection Poems of the Four (Pesmi ?tirih) in collaboration with Kajetan Kovi?, Tone Pav?ek and Ciril Zlobec. His poetry is traditionally confessional, the narration realistic and satirical while the form rests on traditional meter with romantic images and everyday reality. Also well known are his epigrams.

Menart complemented original poetry by translating foreign language literature. Slovenes have to thank him for, among others, the excellent translations of Shakespeare's Sonnets, Byron's, Burns's and Prévert's poetry and Villon's Collected Works. He also translated English Renaissance plays such as Volpone by Jonson and Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe.

Although mainly known as a poet and translator, Menart also wrote scripts for puppet and documentary films and television plays. He was also the first in Slovenia to publish a CD audiobook, with his poems largely interpreted by him himself.

In music

In 1975, his poem "Homeland" (Slovene: Domovina), translated by the Croatian poet Zvonimir Golob, was used as lyrics for the song "Domovina" sung by the Croatian rock and folk musician Drago Mlinarec.

References

  • "Poet and Translator Janez Menart Dies". Slovenia News. 2004-01-22. Archived from the original on 2007-04-28. Retrieved .
  • Berta Golob, Srce ustvarja roka pi?e, Zalo?ba Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana 1983 COBISS 13528577
  • Muris Idrizovi?, Otro?ka in mladinska knji?evnost v Jugoslaviji, Zalo?ba Obzorja, Ljubljana 1984 COBISS 14526721
  • Polona Han?ek Novak, V srcu mladi, Zalo?ba Genija, Ljubljana 2004 COBISS 216673536

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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