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Václav Jaroslav Karel Pinkava
December 9, 1926
|Died||August 13, 1995 (aged 68)|
Colchester, United Kingdom
Václav Jaroslav Karel Pinkava (Czech pronunciation: ['va:tslaf 'jaroslaf 'kar?l 'pkava]; December 9, 1926 - August 13, 1995), better known by his pen name Jan K?esadlo (pronounced ['jan 'krsadlo]), was a Czech psychologist who was also a prizewinning novelist and poet.
An anti-communist, Pinkava emigrated to Britain with his wife and four children following the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet-led armies of the Warsaw pact. He worked as a clinical psychologist until his early retirement in 1982, when he turned to full-time writing. His first novel "Mrchop?vci" (GraveLarks) was published by Josef ?kvorecký's emigre publishing house 68 Publishers, and earned the 1984 Egon Hostovský prize.
He chose his pseudonym (which means firesteel) partly because it contains the uniquely Czech sound ?; in addition, he was fond of creating more pseudonyms such as Jake Rolands (an anagram), J. K. Klement (after his grandfather, for translations into English), Juraj Hron (for his Slovak-Moravian writings), Ferdinand Lu?ovický z Lu?ovic a na Suchým dole (for his music), Kamil Troud (for his illustrations), ? (for his Astronautilia), and more.
A polymath and polyglot, Pinkava was fond of setting intense goals for himself, such as translating Jaroslav Seifert's interwoven sonnet cycle about Prague, 'A Wreath of Sonnets'. He published a collection of his own poems in seven languages. Perhaps his most staggering achievement is ? Hv?zdoplavba, a 6575-line science fiction epic poem, an odyssey in classical Homeric Greek, with its parallel hexameter translation into Czech. This was published shortly after his death, in a limited edition. (ISBN 80-237-2452-5) Only his first, prize-winning novel has been published in English translation, as GraveLarks in a bilingual edition in 1999 (ISBN 9788086013817) and in a revised edition in 2015 (ISBN 9780993377303)