James Reed (soldier)
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James Reed Soldier
James Reed
Bornc. 1724
Fitchburg, Massachusetts
Fitchburg, Massachusetts
ServiceContinental Army
RankBrigadier general
Commands held3rd New Hampshire Regiment
Battles/warsFrench and Indian War
American Revolution
Spouse(s)Abigail Hinds

James Reed (1724 or 1722–1807) was a military officer in the French and Indian War and the American Revolution, rising to the rank of brigadier general in the latter conflict.


Reed was born in Lunenburg or Woburn, Massachusetts. In 1742, when he was about 22,[further explanation needed] James married Abigail Hinds, whose father was Hopestill Hinds. Abigail was born 4 March 1723 in Brookfield, Massachusetts, but is said to have been living in New Salem, Massachusetts.

During the French and Indian War, Reed served as an officer in Colonel Brown's Massachusetts Regiment, becoming a lieutenant colonel. He was at Fort Ticonderoga in both 1758 and when it fell in 1759.

He was the original proprietor of Monadnock township no. 4, now Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire.

With news of the Battle of Lexington and Concord, James Reed gathered the local militia and marched to Boston. James Reed was appointed Colonel of the 3rd New Hampshire Regiment and fought together with John Stark's 1st New Hampshire Regiment at the Battle of Bunker Hill. On April 26, 1776, the three New Hampshire regiments of the Continental Army were sent under General John Sullivan to help in the Invasion of Quebec. James Reed only made it as far as Fort Saint-Jean in Quebec, where he contracted smallpox. Apparently having recovered, he fell ill again during the retreat from Canada, shortly after arriving at Crown Point on Lake Champlain, with a malignant fever, which caused him to lose his vision forcing him to retire from military service at the end of 1776. James Reed was promoted to brigadier general in the Continental Army, but never served at that rank because of his failing health.

Reed was admitted as an Original Member of the Society of the Cincinnati in 1784.[1]

Reed lived to the age of 83 and died in 1807 in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, where he was buried. He is featured on a New Hampshire historical marker (number 99) along New Hampshire Route 119 at the town square of Fitzwilliam.[2]


  1. ^ "James Reed | New Hampshire Society of the Cincinnati". nhsocietyofthecincinnati.org. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "List of Markers by Marker Number" (PDF). nh.gov. New Hampshire Division of Historical Resources. November 2, 2018. Retrieved 2019.

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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