James Gandolfini
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James Gandolfini

James Gandolfini
Actor James Gandolfini at the 2011 Toronto International Film Festival
Gandolfini in 2011
Born
James Joseph Gandolfini Jr.

(1961-09-18)September 18, 1961
DiedJune 19, 2013(2013-06-19) (aged 51)
Alma materRutgers University (BA)
OccupationActor, producer
Years active1980-2013
  • Marcy Wudarski
    (m. 1999; div. 2002)
  • Deborah Lin
    (m. 2008)
Children2, including Michael Gandolfini
AwardsFull list

James Joseph Gandolfini Jr.[1] (Italian: [?andol'fi:ni]; September 18, 1961 - June 19, 2013) was an American actor and producer. He is best known for his role as Tony Soprano, the Italian-American crime boss in HBO's television series The Sopranos, for which he won three Emmy Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, and one Golden Globe Award. Gandolfini's performance as Tony Soprano is widely regarded as among the greatest performances in television history.[2]

Gandolfini's notable film roles include mob henchman Virgil in True Romance (1993), Lt. Bobby Dougherty in Crimson Tide (1995), Colonel Winter in The Last Castle (2001) and Mayor of New York in The Taking of Pelham 123 (2009). Other roles are enforcer and stuntman Bear in Get Shorty (1995) and impulsive "Wild Thing" Carol in Where the Wild Things Are (2009). For his performance as Albert in Enough Said (2013), Gandolfini posthumously received much critical praise and several awards, including a Screen Actors Guild Award nomination and the Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor.

In 2007, Gandolfini produced Alive Day Memories: Home from Iraq, a documentary in which he interviewed injured Iraq War veterans and in 2010, Wartorn: 1861-2010 examining the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder on soldiers and families throughout several wars in U.S. history from 1861 to 2010. In addition to Alive Day Memories, he also produced television film Hemingway & Gellhorn (2012), which gained him a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series nomination. In 2013, Gandolfini died of a heart attack in Rome at the age of 51.

Early life and education

Gandolfini was born in Westwood, New Jersey on September 18, 1961.[3] His mother, Santa (née Penna), was a high school food service worker of Italian descent who was born in the United States and raised in Naples.[4][1] His Italian-born father, James Joseph Gandolfini Sr., was a native of Borgo Val di Taro, in the Northeastern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, who worked as a bricklayer and cement mason and later as the head custodian at Paramus Catholic High School.[4][5][1] James Sr. earned a Purple Heart in World War II.[6] Gandolfini's parents were devout Catholics who spoke Italian at home. Due to the influence of his parents, he developed a strong sense of Italian-American identity and visited Italy regularly.[5][7] He had two sisters.[8][9]

Gandolfini grew up in Park Ridge, New Jersey, and graduated from Park Ridge High School in 1979, where he played basketball, acted in school plays,[10] and was awarded the title "Class Flirt" in his senior yearbook.[11] He earned a BA in Communications from Rutgers University in 1983, where he worked as a bouncer at an on-campus pub.[12] He also worked as a bartender and club manager in Manhattan prior to his acting career.[13] He was introduced to acting while living in New York City, when he accompanied his friend Roger Bart to a Meisner technique acting class,[14] where he studied for two years under Kathryn Gately at The Gately Poole Conservatory.[15]

Career

Early acting career (1983-1999)

After graduating from Rutgers and acting school, Gandolfini worked various jobs in Manhattan while acting in small-budget films.[16] He made his Broadway theatre debut in the production of A Streetcar Named Desire as Steve Hubbell.[17] He also appeared in the 1995 Broadway production of On the Waterfront as Charley Malloy.[18] His first film role was in a 1989 New York University student film titled Eddy.[19] One of his earlier major film roles was that of Virgil, a brutal mob enforcer, in the romantic thriller True Romance (1993).[20] Gandolfini stated that one of his major inspirations for his character was an old friend of his who was a hitman.[21] Despite disappointing box office numbers,[20] Gandolfini's performance received critical praise.[22] He was subsequently cast as insurance salesman and Russian mobster Ben Pinkwater in the action film Terminal Velocity (1994).[23] In 1995 he played United States Navy Lieutenant Bobby Dougherty in the submarine film Crimson Tide.[24] In that same year he played Bear, a bearded ex-stuntman with a Southern accent, in Get Shorty (1995).[25] The film, which was based on the book of the same name and directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, received positive critical reception.[26] The cast received a Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture.[27] He was cast as a mob enforcer with a conscience in the legal thriller film The Juror (1996).[28] Despite the film receiving negative critical response, Gandolfini's role was positively received.[29]

The Sopranos (1999-2007)

James Gandolfini, The Sopranos co-star Tony Sirico, and a soldier posing for a photograph
Gandolfini and The Sopranos co-star Tony Sirico (left) with a member of the United States Air Force during a March 2010 United Service Organizations visit to southwest Asia.

In 1995, television writer and producer David Chase pitched the original idea for The Sopranos to multiple television networks, including Fox and CBS, before premium network HBO picked it up.[30] The series revolves around Tony Soprano, a New Jersey-based Italian-American mobster, who tries to balance his family life with his role as boss of the Soprano crime family.[31] Gandolfini was invited to audition for the part of Tony Soprano after casting director Susan Fitzgerald saw a short clip of his performance in True Romance, ultimately receiving the role ahead of several other actors including Steven Van Zandt and Michael Rispoli.[32][33] Chase, in a 2013 interview with The Guardian, stated Gandolfini stopped and left in the middle of his audition before finishing it in his garage later that night.[34] According to Chase, Gandolfini said that he "didn't prepare right" for the audition.[33]

The show debuted in 1999 and was broadcast until 2007 with Gandolfini playing Tony Soprano throughout all six seasons.[35] His portrayal of Tony Soprano was met with widespread fan and critical acclaim. Deadline Hollywood said Tony Soprano helped "usher in the era of the antihero" for television.[36] As methods to focus anger into his performances, Gandolfini had said he would deliberately hit himself on the head, stay up all night to evoke the desired reaction, drink several cups of coffee, or walk around with a rock in his shoe.[1] For his depiction of Soprano, Gandolfini won three Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Television Series Drama.[37][38] He also won a Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series along with the rest of the cast.[39] In 2017, Entertainment Weekly listed him as the 42nd Greatest TV Icon of All Time.[40] Gandolfini was making $1million per episode during the show's final season, making him one of television's highest paid actors.[41] Gandolfini underwent knee surgery on June 2, 2006, which pushed the production of the second part of the final season back by several months.[42][43] Following Gandolfini's death in 2013, David Chase in a Fresh Air interview said that, "without Jim Gandolfini, there is no 'Sopranos'. There is no Tony Soprano."[44]

While working on The Sopranos, Gandolfini appeared in more films. In 2001, he played Winston Baldry, a gay hitman, in the adventure comedy film The Mexican.[45] Gandolfini was recommended for the role by co-star Brad Pitt.[46] For his performance, he won the Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role at the 2002 Outfest Outie Awards in Los Angeles, California.[47] Gandolfini also starred in the action drama film The Last Castle that same year.[48] In 2006, he starred in the musical romance comedy film Romance & Cigarettes.[49] Director and friend John Turturro stated that he wanted Gandolfini to star in the film however he had to wait until The Sopranos stopped filming.[50] He also appeared in a 2002 episode of Sesame Street and a 2004 episode of Saturday Night Live, where he played a New Jersey resident commenting on the Jim McGreevey sex scandal.[51][52]

Later work (2007-2013)

After the finale of The Sopranos, Gandolfini, along with Paramount Pictures executive Alex Ryan, founded production company Attaboy Films.[53] The production company signed a deal with HBO in 2006 to develop original programming for the channel.[54] In 2007, Gandolfini and HBO produced Alive Day Memories: Home from Iraq, a documentary focused on injured Iraq War veterans.[55] The documentary was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Documentary or Nonfiction Special, ultimately losing to Autism: The Musical.[56]

He returned to the stage in 2009, appearing in Broadway's God of Carnage with Marcia Gay Harden, Hope Davis, and Jeff Daniels.[57] He received a Tony Award nomination in the category of Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play for his role in the play but lost to Geoffrey Rush, who played the lead in Exit the King.[58] The same year, he played the Mayor of New York in the remake of action thriller film The Taking of Pelham 123.[59] Gandolfini voiced Carol, one of the titular Wild Things, in the fantasy film Where the Wild Things Are.[60] The film, which was based on Maurice Sendak's picture book of the same name, was directed by Spike Jonze.[61]

Gandolfini with actress Rose McGowan shaking hands
Gandolfini with Rose McGowan during a March 2010 USO visit to Kuwait.

In 2010 Gandolfini produced another documentary with HBO, which analyzed the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder throughout American history, from 1861 to 2010.[62] The film, titled Wartorn: 1861-2010, featured interviews with American military officials on their views of PTSD and how they are trying to help soldiers affected by it.[63] The documentary, which had its premiere at The Pentagon, received favorable reviews.[64][65] Gandolfini was also executive producer of the HBO film about Ernest Hemingway and his relationship with Martha Gellhorn, titled Hemingway & Gellhorn (2012).[66] The film premiered at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival to mixed reviews.[67] Despite the reviews, the film was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited Series.[68] In 2012, Gandolfini reunited with The Sopranos creator David Chase for the Not Fade Away, a music-driven production set in 1960s New Jersey, and the latter's feature film debut.[69][70]

Two films which he completed before his death on June 19, 2013, were released posthumously. The first was Enough Said, a romantic comedy which he co-starred with Julia Louis-Dreyfus.[71] The film was met with positive reviews, particularly for Gandolfini's performance.[72] He received posthumous Best Supporting Actor awards from the Boston Society of Film Critics and the Chicago Film Critics Association as well as multiple nominations, including a nomination for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role.[73] His final film performance was in The Drop, a crime drama in which he co-starred with Tom Hardy and Noomi Rapace.[74] Released September 12, 2014, the film was met with positive critical reviews.[75]

Gandolfini is credited as an executive producer on the HBO miniseries The Night Of which premiered in 2016.[76] Gandolfini was set to star in the miniseries when it was pitched to HBO in 2013, but they ultimately decided not to go ahead with the show. HBO reversed their decision a few months later, and the show was green-lit, with Gandolfini still set to star, however, he died before filming began. Actor John Turturro assumed the role intended for Gandolfini.[77]

Personal life

Gandolfini maintained ties with his Park Ridge, New Jersey hometown by supporting its Octoberwoman Foundation for Breast Cancer Research.[78] He lived in New York City and owned a piece of land on the Lake Manitoba Narrows.[79] Gandolfini had lived on a 34-acre (14 ha) property in Chester Township, New Jersey.[80] In 2009, he purchased a home in the hills of Tewksbury Township, New Jersey.[81] Brett Martin, in a GQ article, said "In interviews, which the actor did his very best to avoid, the actor would often fall back on some version of 'I'm just a dumb, fat guy from Jersey.'"[82]

Gandolfini and his first wife, Marcy Wudarski,[83] were married in March 1999, and divorced in December 2002.[84][85] Their son Michael was born in 1999.[86] On August 30, 2008, after two years of dating, Gandolfini married former model and actress Deborah Lin in her hometown of Honolulu, Hawaii.[87] Their daughter, Liliana Ruth Gandolfini, was born October 2012.[88]

Death

Gandolfini died suddenly at the age of 51 in Rome on June 19, 2013.[89] He was expected to travel to Sicily a few days later to receive an award at the Taormina Film Fest.[90] After he and his family had spent the day sightseeing in the sweltering heat, his 14-year-old son Michael discovered him unconscious at around 10 p.m. on the bathroom floor at the Boscolo Exedra Hotel.[91] Michael called reception, who in turn called emergency paramedics.[92] Gandolfini arrived at the hospital at 10:40 p.m. and was pronounced dead 20 minutes later.[93] An autopsy confirmed that he had died of a heart attack.[94]

While word of his death spread, state and national politicians took to the internet to tribute Gandolfini.[95][96][97] Governor Chris Christie ordered all New Jersey State buildings to fly flags at half staff on June 24 to honor Gandolfini when his body was returned to the United States.[98] The day after Gandolfini's death, Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, which has long featured Sopranos co-star Steven Van Zandt on guitar, dedicated a performance of their classic album Born to Run by doing a rendition for Gandolfini.[99]

Gandolfini's body was returned to the United States on June 23.[100] Family spokesman Michael Kobold thanked both Italian and American authorities for expediting the repatriation process, which normally takes seven days.[101] The marquee lights of Broadway theaters were dimmed on the night of June 26 in Gandolfini's honor.[102] Gandolfini's funeral service was held on June 27, 2013, at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in Morningside Heights, Manhattan, New York City.[103] He was cremated, with his ashes given to his family.[104]

Influence and legacy

TV Guide published a special tribute to Gandolfini in its July 1, 2013, issue following his death, devoting the entire back cover of that issue to his image. In it, columnist Matt Roush cited Gandolfini's work as Tony Soprano as an influence on subsequent cable TV protagonists, saying: "Without Tony, there's no Vic Mackey of The Shield, no Al Swearengen of Deadwood, no Don Draper of Mad Men (whose creator, Matthew Weiner, honed his craft as a writer on The Sopranos)."[105] Similar testimonials were given by his co-stars and colleagues, including Edie Falco, who expressed shock and devastation at his death;[106]Sopranos creator David Chase, who praised him as a "genius";[107]Bryan Cranston, who stated that his Breaking Bad character Walter White would not have existed without Tony Soprano;[108] and Gandolfini's three-time co-star Brad Pitt, who expressed admiration for Gandolfini as a "ferocious actor, a gentle soul and a genuinely funny man".[109]Emily Nussbaum, writing for The New Yorker, said that "nobody could be under any illusion about what a television actor was capable of" after Gandolfini's portrayal of Tony Soprano.[110]The Atlantic said Gandolfini's influence on television was "seismic", comparing him to film star Marlon Brando.[111]Mark Lawson, writing for The Guardian, said that Gandolfini's performance as Soprano "represents one of the greatest achievements" of television.[112] TV critic, Alan Sepinwall, said of Gandolfini's performance, "Watching it again, it was very clear to me, quickly and often, that this was the greatest dramatic performance in TV history."[113]

"...in the years since The Sopranos ended, there's almost been this TV-actor Mount Rushmore. Bryan Cranston [Breaking Bad] is on there, and Jon Hamm [Mad Men] is on there, and Elisabeth Moss [Mad Men, The Handmaid's Tale] or Claire Danes [Homeland] or somebody else is on there. But James Gandolfini gets his own mountain. With all due respect to everybody else, including Edie Falco [who played Tony Soprano's wife, Carmela], Gandolfini is the best dramatic actor in TV history, and I don't know that anybody else is particularly close."

-- TV critic, Alan Sepinwall, on Gandolfini's performance as Tony Soprano.[114]

Three months after his death, it was reported that in Gandolfini's last will and testament, dated December 2012 and filed July 2013 in Manhattan Surrogate's Court, he left a substantial portion of his estimated $70 million estate to his two sisters, widow, and daughter. The will did not state any inheritance for his only son, Michael, because Gandolfini provided for him a separate trust funded by a life insurance policy.[115] In December 2013, following an online petition campaign started by Gandolfini's high school classmate, Lori Fredrics, his hometown renamed its Park Avenue to James Gandolfini Way at a public ceremony attended by several of his former Sopranos co-stars.[116] In December 2013, HBO released a tribute documentary in honor of Gandolfini.[117] The documentary, titled James Gandolfini: Tribute To A Friend, featured co-star interviews and behind-the-scene footage.[118]Spike Jonze's 2013 Academy Award winning film Her is dedicated to Gandolfini.[119] Jonze and Gandolfini had previously worked together on Where the Wild Things Are.[120] In 2014, Gandolfini was posthumously inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame.[121] In 2019, his son Michael was cast as the younger version of James' character Tony Soprano in The Sopranos prequel film The Many Saints of Newark.[122] Michael watched the show for the first time to prepare for the role, describing it as an intense process.[123]

Filmography

Actor James Gandolfini while on a USO tour
Gandolfini while on a USO tour in Kuwait City, 2010.

Film

Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
1987 Shock! Shock! Shock! Orderly [124]
1991 The Last Boy Scout Marcone's Henchman [125]
1992 A Stranger Among Us Tony Baldessari [125]
1993 Money for Nothing Billy Coyle [126]
1993 True Romance Virgil [127]
1993 Mr. Wonderful Mike [128]
1993 Italian Movie Angelo [129]
1994 Angie Vinnie [130]
1994 Terminal Velocity Ben Pinkwater [131]
1995 New World[a] Will Caberra [132]
1995 Crimson Tide Lt. Bobby Dougherty [133]
1995 Get Shorty Bear [134]
1997 Night Falls on Manhattan Joey Allegretto [135]
1997 She's So Lovely Kiefer [136]
1997 12 Angry Men Juror #6 [137]
1997 Perdita Durango Willie "Woody" Dumas [138]
1997 Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil Diner Cook Uncredited cameo [139]
1998 Fallen Lou [140]
1998 The Mighty Kenny Kane [141]
1998 A Civil Action Al Love [142]
1999 8mm Eddie Poole [143]
1999 A Whole New Day Vincent [144]
2001 The Mexican Winston Baldry [145]
2001 The Man Who Wasn't There Big Dave Brewster [146]
2001 The Last Castle Colonel Winter [147]
2004 Surviving Christmas Tom Valco [148]
2005 Romance & Cigarettes Nick Murder [149]
2005 Stories of Lost Souls Vincent Segment: "A Whole New Day" [150]
2006 Lonely Hearts Det. Charles Hilderbrandt [151]
2006 All the King's Men Tiny Duffy [152]
2007 Stories USA The Man Segment: "Club Soda" [153]
2009 In the Loop Lt. Gen. George Miller [154]
2009 The Taking of Pelham 123 Mayor of New York [155]
2009 Where the Wild Things Are Carol Voice [156]
2010 Welcome to the Rileys Doug Riley [157]
2010 Mint Julep Mr. G [158]
2011 Down the Shore Bailey Euler [159]
2011 Violet & Daisy The Guy [160]
2012 Killing Them Softly Mickey [161]
2012 Not Fade Away Pat Damiano [162]
2012 Zero Dark Thirty CIA Director Leon Panetta [163]
2013 The Incredible Burt Wonderstone Doug Munny [164]
2013 Enough Said Albert Posthumous release [165]
2014 The Drop Cousin Marv Posthumous release (final film role) [166]

Television

Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
1996 The Juror Eddie Television film [167]
1997 Gun Walter Difideli Episode: "Columbus Day" [168]
1999-2007 The Sopranos Tony Soprano Main role, 86 episodes [169]
2002 Sesame Street Himself 1 episode [51]
2004 Saturday Night Live Unidentified New Jersey Resident Episode: "Ben Affleck/Nelly" [52]
2008 Alive Day Memories: Home from Iraq Interviewer Television film; producer [170]
2010 Wartorn: 1861-2010 Television film; producer [171]
2011 Cinema Verite Craig Gilbert Television film [172]
2012 Hemingway & Gellhorn Television film; producer [173]
2013 Nicky Deuce Bobby Eggs Television film [174]
2013 James Gandolfini: Tribute to a Friend Archived television and film footage [175]
2016 The Night Of Jack Stone Unaired pilot; also executive producer (posthumous credit) [176]

Stage

Year Production Role Venue Ref(s)
1992 A Streetcar Named Desire Steve Hubbell Ethel Barrymore Theatre [177]
1995 On the Waterfront Charley Malloy Brooks Atkinson Theatre [178]
2009 God of Carnage Michael Bernard B. Jacobs Theatre [179]
2009 23rd Annual Easter Bonnet Competition Judge Minskoff Theatre [180]

Video games

Year Title Role Notes Ref(s)
2006 The Sopranos: Road to Respect Tony Soprano Voice and likeness [181]

Awards and nominations

Notes

  1. ^ The French name is Le Nouveau monde however it was released as New World in the United States.

References

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