James Frederick Joy
|Member of the Michigan House of Representatives|
from the 1st district
January 1, 1861 - December 31, 1862
|Regent of the University of Michigan|
January 1, 1882 - December 24, 1886
|E. C. Walker|
|Charles S. Draper|
|Born||December 2, 1810|
Durham, New Hampshire
|Died||September 24, 1896|
|Resting place||Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Michigan|
|Children||Henry Bourne Joy|
|Parents||James Joy and Sarah Gee Pickering|
|Alma mater||Dartmouth College (1833), Harvard Law School (1836)|
|Occupation||Lawyer, railroad magnate, politician|
He was born in Durham, New Hampshire, the son of James Joy (1778-1857) of Groton, Massachusetts and Sarah Gee Pickering (1781-1858), daughter of John Pickering,
Educated in Durham, New Hampshire, he entered Dartmouth College, graduating in 1833. From Dartmouth he entered Harvard Law School, from which he graduated in 1836. That year he moved to Detroit and formed a law firm with George F. Porter.
In 1846 he entered the railroad business as the lawyer and general counsel to the Michigan Central Railroad. He was subsequently connected with the Illinois Central Railroad. Joy organized the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and was for many years its president. Joy was for several years president of the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railway.
In 1872 he was president and a director of the Michigan Central Railroad, drawing a salary of $8,000 per year. He was at the same time president and a director of the Chicago and Michigan Lake Shore Railroad, and a director of the Detroit, Hillsdale and Indiana Railroad. In 1873 he became president and a director of the Detroit, Lansing and Lake Michigan Railroad, taking over from H.H. Smith. He became president and treasurer of the Detroit Union Railway Depot and Station company at Detroit, Michigan.
Joy was intimately involved with politics from his early career. A member of the Whig Party and subsequently a Republican, for a time he had also been a member of the Free Soil Party. He was a close friend, confidant and supporter of Abraham Lincoln. At the 1880 Republican National Convention, he gave a speech nominating James G. Blaine for president.