Jakarta MRT set 11 departing from Lebak Bulus station
|Native name||Moda Raya Terpadu (MRT) Jakarta[a]|
|Owner||Ministry of Transportation|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||13 (North-South line, first phase)|
|Headquarters||Wisma Nusantara, 21st Floor, Jalan Mohammad Husni Thamrin 59, Jakarta, 10350, Indonesia|
|Began operation||24 March 2019|
|Operator(s)||PT Mass Rapid Transit Jakarta (Perseroda)|
|Character||Elevated & underground|
|Number of vehicles||16 six-car MRTJ 1000 series trainsets|
|Headway||5 minutes (peak)|
10 minutes (off-peak)
|System length||15.7 km (9.8 mi)|
|Track gauge|| (North-South line)|
(West-East line, planned)
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Top speed||100 km/h (elevated section), 80 km/h (underground section)|
The system is operated by PT Mass Rapid Transit Jakarta (Perseroda), a municipally owned perseroan terbatas of the city of Jakarta. Phase 1 of the project (Lebak Bulus to Bundaran HI) was officially opened on 24 March 2019.
Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia, harbouring 10 million inhabitants, one-third of the population of Greater Jakarta. It is estimated that over four million residents of the surrounding Greater Jakarta area commute to and from the city each working day. Transport issues have increasingly begun to attract political attention and it has been foreseen that without a major transportation breakthrough, the city will have complete traffic gridlock by 2020.
As of 2010, public transportation in Jakarta served only 56% of commuter trips. This figure urgently needs to be raised, as the city's 9.5% average annual growth rate of vehicles far exceeds the increase in road length between 2005 and 2010.
Public transportation now mainly consists of the TransJakarta bus rapid transit system, the World's longest BRT system with a length of 230 kilometers, the KRL Jabodetabek Metro Jakarta Electrified Train System, Southeast Asia's longest electrified metropolitan transit system with 418 kilometers length consisting of 1 elevated line and 5 at ground level, and various types of independent buses, starting from the very small bemo and pickup-truck sized mikrolet, to slightly larger minibuses such as the widely used MetroMini and Kopaja minibuses and full sized city buses. There are also both two and four wheeled taxis.
Phase 1 of the project was funded through a soft loan (Rp 16 trillion) from JICA with a 30 years tenure and 0.25% interest per annum. The loan number IP is 536 (signed November 2006) for engineering services. The engineering services loan is a pre-construction loan to prepare the construction phase. It consists of:
Phase 2 was funded through a similar loan scheme with a 40 years tenure, allowing a 10 years grace period. The first stage of phase 2 funding (Rp 9.4 trillion) incurred 0.1% interest per annumn. Phase 2 funding (Rp 25 trillion) will cover a portion of phase 1 excess expenditure (Rp 2.5 trillion).
The Jakarta MRT is expected to stretch across over 108 kilometres, including 26.7 kilometres for the Red line (from Lebak Bulus to Ancol) and 87 kilometres for the Yellow line (from Cikarang to Balaraja).
The following table lists the MRT lines that are currently operational, under construction or planned:
|Colour and Line Name||Phase||Commencement||Terminus||Stations||Length||Depot|
|North-South||1||24 March 2019||Lebak Bulus
|13||15.7 km (9.8 mi)||Lebak Bulus|
|7||5.8 km (3.6 mi)||Lebak Bulus|
|3||5.2 km (3.2 mi)||Ancol Barat|
|TBA||20.1 km (12.5 mi)||TBA|
|TBA||11.6 km (7.2 mi)||TBA|
Phase 1 connects Lebak Bulus to Bundaran HI along 15.7 kilometres and consists of 13 stations (7 elevated stations and 6 underground stations). The Indonesian Ministry of Transport approved this plan in September 2010 and invited tenders. Construction began in October 2013.
Phase 1 was opened for free service on 24 March 2019. Commercial service began on 1 April 2019. Phase 1 is expected to serve 212,000 passengers per day. This expected capacity may be maxed out to 960,000 per day. The 15.7 kilometre distance is covered in under 30 minutes. Within its first month of operations, 82,000 passengers used the line daily.
Phase 2 was initially planned to extend Bundaran HI to Kampung Bandan in North Jakarta. However, land acquisition issues hindered the process, prompting the administration to find an alternative location, which will also be designed to house the trains depot.
On 1 January 2019, the president director of MRT Jakarta, William Sabandar said the city administration had decided to make Kota the final station for Phase 2. The extension was then renamed to Phase 2A.
Phase 2A will extend the Red line northwards, from Bundaran HI to Kota and consists of 7 stations over 5.8 kilometres. The extension was initially planned to be fully operational by April 2026. However due to problems securing bidders for the construction and the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the extension is now expected to be fully operational by mid-2027.Phase 2A construction is expected to cost Rp 22.5 trillion.
On 20 February 2019, it was announced that the Red line will be extended further, towards Ancol. The extension was named Phase 2B.
On 17 February 2020, during the signing of contract CP201 for the construction of the first two stations of the Phase 2A extension, the administration announced that Phase 2B will consists of 3 stations and is currently under feasibility studies, with its construction expected to commence in mid-2022.
A second line is planned to run east-west with Standard gauge 1435mm, from Cikarang (West Java) to Balaraja (Banten) via Central Jakarta. It is envisioned to be 87 kilometres long. Just like the Red line, the Yellow line will also be built in phases. The Yellow line is planned to interchange with the Red line at Thamrin Station.
Phase 3 will be 31.7 kilometres long and stretches from Kalideres in West Jakarta to Ujung Menteng in East Jakarta. It is currently under architectural design studies and construction is initially expected to begin in 2020. On 4 February 2020 however, the Minister of Transport, Budi Karya Sumadi mentioned that construction will only begin in 2022 and targets for completion in 2026.
The charged fare for a trip on the MRT starts at Rp 3,000, increasing by Rp 1,000 for every station passed. A trip spanning the entire existing line in 2019 would cost a passenger Rp 14,000.
A refundable Rp 15,000 deposit is required to purchase a single journey ticket, in addition to fares required for the journey.
The Jakarta MRT employs a cashless fare payment system. A dedicated contactless smart card known as the 'Jelajah' can be purchased from the ticketing machines or ticket offices located at every station. Other accepted forms of payment include electronic prepaid cards such as the JakLingko, E-Money, Brizzi, BNI Tap Cash, Flazz, Jakcard. 
Passengers are required to tap their cards at the ticket gates when entering and exiting the paid area of the stations.
Half-height Platform Screen Doors (PSDs) are installed at platforms of elevated stations, while full-height Platform Screen Doors are used at platforms of the underground stations.
Trains and stations are equipped with CCTVs, which are monitored from the control room. Medical rooms are also available at every station to provide first-aid to passengers and workers, if necessary. Security officers are regularly stationed at station entrances and platforms.
Contract CP 108 for the procurement of rolling stock for the Jakarta MRT was awarded to a consortium led by Sumitomo Corporation, on 3 March 2015. 16 six-cars trainsets were ordered at a cost of ¥10.8 billion (Rp. 145 billion). The trains were built in Nippon Sharyo's Toyokawa, Aichi plant.
Each car measures 20 m (65 ft 7 in) in length, 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in) in width and 3.9 m (12 ft 10 in) in height. These trains utilizes CBTC signaling system and are equipped with Automatic Train Operation (ATO) GoA 2, with drivers operating the doors and driving in case of emergency. Like the KRL Commuterline, the MRT trains are also powered via overhead catenary.
On 10 January 2018, the Governor of Jakarta, Anies Baswedan gave first batch of MRT Jakarta trainsets the name "Ratangga". The name was derived from the old Javanese word for chariots. It offers a women-only carriage during morning peak hours from 7AM to 9AM and in the afternoon from 5PM to 7PM.
PT MRT Jakarta (Perseroda) is a joint-stock company founded by the Government of Jakarta Province. Its establishment was approved by the provincial parliament (DPRD) on 10 June 2008 and the company was officially incorporated on 17 June 2008. Its purpose is to operate the Jakarta MRT system. 99% of the shares are owned by the Government of Jakarta and 1% by Perumda Pasar Jaya (a municipal public corporation of Jakarta mainly operating marketplaces).