|Egyptian Arabic: ?, romanized: Gabal M?s?|
Arabic: ?, romanized: Jabal M?s?
Classical Syriac: ? r Dsyny
Ancient Greek: ? ?
Latin: Mons Sinai
|Elevation||2,285 m (7,497 ft)|
|Prominence||334 m (1,096 ft)|
Mount Sinai (Hebrew: ? Har Sinai; Aramaic r Dsyny), traditionally known as Jabal Musa (Arabic: ?, translation: Mount Moses), is a mountain on the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. It is possibly the same location as the biblical Mount Sinai, the place where, according to the Torah, Bible, and Quran, Moses received the Ten Commandments.
It is a 2,285-metre (7,497 ft), moderately high mountain near the city of Saint Catherine in the region known today as the Sinai Peninsula. It is surrounded on all sides by higher peaks in the mountain range of which it is a part. For example, it lies next to Mount Catherine which, at 2,629 m or 8,625 ft, is the highest peak in Egypt.
Mount Sinai's rocks were formed during the late stage of the evolution of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. Mount Sinai displays a ring complex that consists of alkaline granites intruded into diverse rock types, including volcanics. The granites range in composition from syenogranite to alkali feldspar granite. The volcanic rocks are alkaline to peralkaline, and they are represented by subaerial flows and eruptions and subvolcanic porphyry. Generally, the nature of the exposed rocks in Mount Sinai indicates that they were formed at different depths from one another.
Immediately north of the mountain is the 6th-century Saint Catherine's Monastery. The summit has a mosque that is still used by Muslims, and a Greek Orthodox chapel, constructed in 1934 on the ruins of a 16th-century church, that is not open to the public. The chapel encloses the rock which is considered to be the source for the biblical Tablets of Stone. At the summit also is "Moses' cave", where Moses was said to have waited to receive the Ten Commandments.
The Jabal Musa is associated with the Islamic prophet Musa. In particular, numerous references to Jabal Musa exist in the Quran, where it is called r S?n, r S?n?n, and a?-r and al-Jabal (both meaning "the Mount"). As for the adjacent W?d ?uw? (Valley of Tuwa), it is considered as being muqaddas (sacred), and a part of it is called Al-Buq?ah Al-Mub?rakah ("The Blessed Place"). It is the place where Musa spoke to his Lord.[clarification needed]
Saint Catherine's Monastery, looking down from Mount Sinai
There are two principal routes to the summit. The longer and shallower route, Siket El Bashait, takes about 2.5 hours on foot, though camels can be used. The steeper, more direct route (Siket Sayidna Musa) is up the 3,750 "steps of penitence" in the ravine behind the monastery.